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Exercise 2: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences

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Exercise 2: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. the post office was closed, I couldn’t mail my package.

    1. Therefore B. Because C. However D. Since

  2. the secret of how to make silk remained inside Asia, Europeans were forced to pay incredibly high sums of money for this mysterious material to be brought overland to Europe.

    1. Although B. Only if C. Due to D. As long as

  3. My sister hates animals. She likes cats dogs.

    1. both - and B. neither - nor

C. either - or D. not only - but also

  1. the parents the son have gone on holiday.

    1. Both - and B. Neither - nor

C. Either - or D. Not only - but also

  1. I was dead tired, I walked all the way home.

    1. Despite B. Although C. In spite of D. Even

  2. Mr. Wilson hopes to avoid surgery. He will not agree to the operation he is convinced that it is absolutely necessary.

    1. in the event that B. only if C. if D. unless

  3. Some English words have the same pronunciation they are spelled differently, for example, dear and deer.

    1. unless B. even though C. since D. only if

  4. Olives arc a principal source of cooking oil, but by no means the only source.

olives, cooking oil can be extracted from coconuts, corn, and sunflower seeds. A. Because of B. In spite of C. In case of D. In addition to

  1. I couldn't use the pay phone, I didn't have any coins with me.

    1. yet B. despite C. for D. even though

  2. I have to eat breakfast in the morning. , I get hungry before my lunch break.

    1. Consequently B. Furthermore C. Otherwise D. However
Exercise 3: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. I need to find an apartment before I can move. 1 can find one in the next

week or so, I will move to London the first of next month.

    1. Even if B. Due to C. Only if D. Provided that

  1. Tom is trying to reduce the amount of fat he eats. Red meat is high in fat. Tom eats a lot of fish but avoids red meat its high fat content.

    1. in the event of B. besides C. in spite of D. because of

  2. I want to take a train trip across western Canada, but my travelling companion wants to fly to Mexico City for our vacation.

    1. Although B. Even if C. Ø D. Nevertheless

  3. Ms. Moore, the school counselor, had years of experience dealing with student problems. , she is sometimes confronted by a problem that she cannot handle by herself.

    1. Therefore B. Nevertheless

C. Otherwise D. On the other hand

  1. Right now all the scats on that flight are taken, sir. there is a cancellation, I will call you.

    1. In the event that B. Nevertheless

C. But D. Even if

  1. A newborn baby can neither walk nor crawl. A newborn antelope, , can run within minutes of birth.

    1. however B. nevertheless C. otherwise D. even though

  2. You must obey the speed limits on public roads. They are designed to keep you safe. You shouldn't exceed the speed limit you are an experienced race car driver.

    1. only if B. even if C. if D. provided that

  3. My nose got sunburnt I wore a hat with a wide brim to shade my face.

    1. if B. since C. because D. even though

  4. Do you like jazz? You should go to the jazz festival you like that kind of music.

    1. if B. unless C. although D. while

  5. Peter works hard at everything he does. His brother, , seldom puts out much effort.

    1. on the other hand B. otherwise

C. furthermore D. consequently
Exercise 4: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. The festival has many attractions. It will include contemporary orchestral music and an opera. , there will be poetry readings and theatrical presentations.

    1. Otherwise B. Furthermore

C. Nevertheless D. On the other hand

  1. The bread was oldand stale, Mary ate it anyway.

A. and B. so C. besides D. but

  1. Minerals nickel, copper, and zinc can be found in sea water.

A. as samples B. such as C. in an example D. as

  1. the salary meets my expectations, I will accept the job offer.

    1. Due to B. Even if C. Provided that D. Unless

  2. excellent art museums, Moscow has a world-famous ballet company.

    1. Because of B. In spite of C. In case of D. In addition to

  3. It is still a good idea to know how to type. themany technologicaladvances in typewriters and word processors, a skilled operator remains indispensable.

A. Because of B. In spiteof C. In case of D. in addition to

  1. Even though a duck may live onwater, it stays dry the oil on itsfeathers. The oil prevents the water from soaking through the feathers and reaching its skin.

A. due to B. besides C. in spite of D. in the event of

  1. Chris cannot express himself clearly and correctly in writing. He will never advance in his job he improves his language skills.

A. otherwise B. if C. only if D. unless

  1. there was no electricity, I was able to read because I had a candle.

A. Unless B. Even though C. Even D. Only if

  1. A fire must have a readily available supply of oxygen. , it will slop burning.

A. Consequently B. Furthermore C. Otherwise D. However
Exercise 5: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. Jane is a very good student of languages. Her brother Michael, , has never been able to master another language.

    1. therefore B. even though

C. whereas D. on the other hand

  1. The ancient Aztec of Mexico had no technology for making tools from metal.

, they had sharp knives and spears made from a stone called obsidian.

A. Whereas B. Although

C. Nevertheless D. Despite

  1. Kimberly missed the meeting without a good reason it was critical that she be there.

she had been told that

A. despite B. despite the fact that

C. even D. however

  1. I usually enjoy attending productions in small community theaters. The play we attended last night, was so bad that I wanted to leave after the first act.

A. therefore B. however C. whereas D. even though

  1. Some snakes are poisonous, others are harmless.

A. but B. so C. for D. despite

  1. Most 15th century Europeans believed that the world was flat and that a ship could conceivably sail off the end of the earth. , many sailors of the time refused

to venture forth with explorers into unknown waters.

A. Due to the fact that B. Nevertheless

C. Therefore D. Whereas

  1. I studied English for seven years in high school. , I had trouble talking with people when I was travelling to England.

A. Therefore B. On the other hand

C. Moreover D. Nevertheless

  1. Ancient Egyptians mummified their dead through the use of chemicals, ancient Peruvians mummified their dead through natural processes by putting dead bodies in extremely dry desert caves.

A. whereas B. because

C. even though D. whether or not

  1. Some people really enjoy swimming, others are afraid of water.

A. while B. or C. despite D. in spite of

  1. It was cold and wet. , Bob put on his swimming suit and went to the beach.

A. Therefore B. Despite C. Although D. Nevertheless
Exercise 6: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. Some people are tall, whereas others are .

    1. intelligent B. thin C. short D. large

  2. A box is square, whereas .

    1. a rectangle has four sides

    2. my village has a town square in the center

    3. we use envelopes for letters

    4. a circle is round

  3. While some parts of the world get an abundance of rain, others .

    1. are warm and humid B. are cold and wet

C. get little or none D. get a lot

  1. In some nations coffee is the favourite beverage while .

    1. I like tea B. tea has caffeine

C. in others it is tea D. tea has caffeine, too

  1. Some people like cream and sugar in their coffee, while .

A. others drink hot coffee B. others like it black

C. milk is good in coffee, too D. sugar can cause cavities

  1. Jack is an interesting storyteller and conversationalist. His brother, on the other hand,

    1. is a newspaper reporter

    2. bores other people by talking about himself

    3. has four children

    4. knows a lot of stories, too

  1. I can’t ride my bicycle

there isn’t any air in one of the tires.

    1. despite B. because C. although D. but

  1. I got to class on time I had missed my bus.

    1. even though B. nevertheless C. because D. despite

  2. Mike used to be an active person, but now he has to limit his activities problems with his health.

    1. nevertheless B. because of C. although D. in spite of

  3. It should be easy for Peter to find more time to spend with his children he no longer has to work in the evenings and on weekends.

    1. even though B. now that C. due to D. but
Exercise 7: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. Nancy is an honest person, I still wonder whether she’s telling the truth about the incident.

    1. In spite of B. Since C. Though D. In the event that

  2. The professor told me that I was doing well, my final grade was awful!

    1. so B. therefore C. in spite of D. yet

  3. Daisy has a new car, she no longer takes the commuter train to work. She drives to work every day.

    1. Now that B. While C. Although D. In case

  4. You’d better give me your answer quickly, I’ll withdraw the invitation.

    1. although B. nevertheless C. even though D. or else

  5. I have to go to the meeting I want to or not.

    1. provided that B. whether C. even if D. only if

  6. What time do you expect Tom to be home? I must talk to him. I usually go to bed around ten, but tell him to call me tonight it’s past midnight.

    1. however B. in case C. even if D. as long as

  7. you’re going to the fruit market, would you please pick up a few apples for me?

    1. Even if B. Although C. So D. As long as

  8. I guess I’m a soft touch. I just lent Jane some money for lunch she never paid me back my last loan.

    1. even though B. unless C. or else D. only if

  9. I think I did OK in my speech last night I’d had almost no sleep for 24 hours.

    1. even B. in spite of C. unless D. despite the fact that

  10. I ask Mary

to run the office while I’m away

I know I can depend on her.

    1. unless B. since C. although D. therefore
Exercise 8: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. The sky was grey and cloudy. , we went to the beach.

    1. Consequently B. Nevertheless C. Even though D. In spite of

  2. I turned on the fan the room was hot.

    1. due to B. despite C. even though D. because

  1. Sam and I will meet you at the restaurant tonight we can find a babysitter.

    1. although B. unless C. otherwise D. only if

  2. Carol showed up for the meeting I asked her not to be there.

    1. even though B. despite

C. provided that D. because

  1. You must lend me the money for the trip. , I won't be able to go.

    1. Consequently B. Nevertheless C. Otherwise D. Although

  2. The road will remain safe the flood washes out the bridge.

    1. as long as B. unless

C. providing that D. since

  1. The roles of men and women were not the same in ancient Greece. For example, men were both participants and spectators in the ancient Olympics. Women, . were forbidden to attend or participate.

    1. nevertheless B. on the other hand

C. therefore D. otherwise

  1. The windows were all left open. , the room was a real mess after the windstorm.

    1. Nevertheless B. However C. Consequently D. Otherwise

  2. I can't make the presentation myself, I’ve asked my assistant to be prepared to do it for me.

    1. For B. In the event that

C. Only if D. On the other hand

  1. It looks like they're going to succeed their present difficulties.

    1. despite B. because of C. even though D. yet
Exercise 9: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. I like to keep the windows open at night no matter how cold it gets. My wife,

, prefers a warm bedroom with all windows tightly shut.

    1. nevertheless B. consequently

C. on the other hand D. moreover

  1. Some fish can survive only in salt water, other species can live only in fresh water.

A. whereas B. unless C. if D. since

  1. Michael became famous, he has ignored his old friends. He shouldn’t do like that.

    1. If B. Ever since C. Even though D.Due to

  2. We’re going to lose this game the team doesn’t start playing better soon.

A. if B. unless C. although D.whereas

  1. My two children arc cooking dinner for the family for the first time tonight. the food is terrible, I’m going to enjoy this meal very much. It will be fun to have them cook for me for a change.

A. Only if B. If C. Even if D.Provided that

  1. Jack insisted that he didn’t need any help,

I helped him anyway.

  1. and B. so C. besides D. but

  1. Florida is famous for its tourist attractions. Its coastline offers excellent white sand beaches. ,it has warm, sunny weather.

    1. Otherwise B. Furthermore

C. Nevertheless D. On the other hand

  1. The flowers will soon start to bloom winter is gone and the weather is beginning to get warmer.

    1. even if B. now that C. so D. even though

  2. Only if you promise to study hard to tutor you.

    1. will I agree B. agree I C. I agree D. I will agree

  3. Camels have either one hump or two humps. The Arabian camel has one hump. The Bactrian camel, , has two humps.

    1. nevertheless B. however C. furthermore D. otherwise
Exercise 10: Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. Steel with chromium to produce a noncorrosive substance known as stainless steel.

    1. is combined B. that is combined

C. combining D. when combined

  1. the 1930s and 1940s, F.D. Roosevelt was elected to the presidency four times.

A. Since during B. During

C. Although during D. While during

  1. in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.

A. Founding B. Founded

C. It was founded D. Being founded

  1. Johnny Carson, late night TV programme is watched by millions of insomniacs in the United States, has been on the air for over twenty years.

A. whose B. who has a C. which is a D. however his

  1. , Jenny Churchill, was born in the United States and married an Englishman.

    1. She was the mother of Winston Churchill

    2. The mother of Winston Churchill

    3. Her son was Winston Churchill

    4. Winston Churchill was her son

  1. A tornado touched down today in Kansas, destruction to cornfield and telephone lines.

    1. caused B. causing C. that caused B. it caused

  2. Until the 1950s, were still used in some cities to deliver milk and vegetables.

    1. horses and carts B. there were horses and carts

C. when horses and carts D. that horses and carts

  1. percentage of working women in the United States has doubled since 1940 has been the result of both economic and social factors.

    1. The B. That the C. There is the D. It is the

  2. Laura is motivated to study she knows that a good education can improve her life.

    1. therefore B. because of C. because D. so

  3. Peter broke his leg in two places. he had to wear a cast and use crutches for three months.

    1. However B. Consequently C. For that D. Because


  1. Khái quát

MẠO TỪ (Articles)

A/an mạo từ bất dịnh (indefinite articles), the mạo từ xác định (definite article). Ta dùng the khi điều ta muốn nói đã rõ.

  1. Mạo từ a/an

Mạo từ a được dùng trước một từ bắt đầu bằng phụ âm hoặc một nguyên âm nhưng đọc bằng âm tiết phụ âm.

a man/ a hai/ a university/ a European

Mạo từ an được dùng trước một từ bắt đầu bằng nguyên âm (a, e, i, o, u) hoặc các từ bắt đầu bàng phụ âm h câm.

an apple/ an island/ cm uncle/ cm egg/ an onion/ an hour
Cách dùng:

    1. Dùng “a/an” khi người nghe/người đọc không biết đích xác ta đang nói về người nào hoặc cái gì.

dụ: There was a car outside the gate.

I saw a man in the park.

    1. Dùng “a/an” khi nói về nghề nghiệp của một người nào đó.

dụ: My father is an engineer.

    1. Không dùng “a/an” trước danh từ không đếm được (uncountable noun) hoặc một danh từ số nhiều.

dụ: a/an KHÔNG dùng với information/furniture... hoặc houses...

  1. Mạo từ the

Mạo từ the dạng như nhau đổi với danh từ đếm được hoặc không đếm được, danh từ số ít số nhiều: the boy, the boys, the milk, the money.

Chú ý: the được phát âm /ði:/ khi dùng trước từ bắt đầu bằng nguyên âm hoặc “h” câm.

the apple, the Internet, the honor, the hour

Cách dùng: Mạo từ “the” được dùng trong các trường hợp sau:

  1. Danh từ được xác định bởi một CỤM TỪ hoặc một MỆNH ĐỀ.

dụ: The girl in blue...; ...the place where I met him.

  1. Danh từ được xác định khi được đề cập đến LẦN THỨ HAI.

dụ: Yesterday I met a nice girl. I had cm interesting folk with the girl.

  1. Khi tân ngữ duy nhất hoặc được xem DUY NHẤT (unique).

dụ: the earth/ the sum/ the moon/ the sea/ the sky

  1. Dùng "the + tính từ + (động từ số nhiều)” đế chỉ một nhóm người cùng một tính chất nào đó.

the rich/ the poor/ the young/ the old

the sick/ the dead/ the injured/ the homeless/ the unemployed

dụ: The sick need better medical care.

  1. Dùng “the + quốc tịch + (động từ so nhiều)’' để chỉ một dân tộc.

dụ: The English are thought to be reserved.

The Vietnamese are hospitable to foreign tourists.

  1. Dùng thetrước một so địa danh sau:

đại dương, biến, sông, kênh đào

the Pacific (Ocean), the South China Sea, the Nile, the Suez Canal, the English Channel.

quần đảo

the Hawaii Islands

dãy núi

the Alps, the Himalayas

sa mạc

the Sahara, the Gobi

một vài khu vực

the Middle East (Trung Đông), the Far East (vùng Viễn Đông)

  1. KHÔNG dùng the trước một số địa danh sau:

châu lục Asia, Europe, America

quốc gia, bang England, Vietnam, California, Texas

đảo Cat Ba Island, Bermuda

thành phố, thị trấn Hanoi, London, New York

ngọn núi Mount Everest, Mount Fuji

hồ Lake Michigan, Hoan Kiem Lake

con đường Oxford Street, North Road
Chú ý:

Ta dùng “the” với một số tên quốc gia như:
The United States = Hoa kì

The United Kingdom = Vương quốc Anh
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