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Theme 4: Nature

Topic IV.1

One of the biggest environmental effects of human activities is air pollution. Smoke from aircrafts, factory chimneys, bonfires, different kinds of vehicles on streets, and many other factors damage clean air every day. Industrial factories throw into the air huge amounts of pollutant gases. The air in many areas is so unclean that people have to wear masks when going out on the streets. Air pollution leads to the greenhouse effect, making the temperature of the earth’s surface higher. Global warming leads to the polar ice caps melting, the rise of worldwide sea levels, climate changes, and other natural disasters. Everyone living on the earth should have the responsibility to reduce air pollution and
protect clean air for our survival. Worldwide governments should have control measures to reduce air pollution, and protect the natural environment for the future generation.
Topic IV.2

Conservation is the preservation of natural resources so that they can last for future generations. The most important task of conservation is to prevent endangered species from extinction. Conservation projects sponsored by governments, international organizations have made a lot of efforts to help many species in the Red List to survive and develop. Cutting wastes and recycling are also other important tasks of conservation. We should try to cut down on consumption of fossil fuels and look for new kinds of alternative sources of energy. Many nations have launched the projects of solar energy, wind energy or nuclear energy in order to supply enough power for domestic use. Without conservation, we would not maintain biodiversity or good living conditions. Therefore, conservation plays an important role in improving the quality of our lives.
Topic IV.3

Everyone is becoming aware that the environment is a serious issue. There is serious air and water pollution everywhere and we also know that the greenhouse effect is changing our weather. First of all, people can make sure that they are responsible in the way they dispose wastes. If people throw rubbish like plastic into rivers and seas, it always stay there, and causes fish to die. People also need to be responsible in the way they use natural resources like water. If people use their cars less, this will help to prevent greenhouse effect and global warming. Everyone can try to use public transportation more, or use bicycles or even walk for short distances. Finally, the most important thing is to raise people’s awareness of protecting the environment. Otherwise, it will soon be too late.Vietnam’s natural and cultural potential for ecotourism is well known. However, eco tours involve mainly travel to natural places and the activities are not based on the ecotourism principle. In Ha Long Bay, for example, tourists just visit the bay and some caves, without learning about the environment or taking part in any local cultural activities. In addition, in some national parks, tourists are not fully aware of environmental protection. They may throw rubbish or break tree branches. As a result, some tourist areas have suffered from some environmental damage. What’s more, most tour guides have poor knowledge of the ethnic culture. Therefore, ecotourists have little or no understanding of Vietnam’s cultural diversity.
Topic IV. 5

On the one hand, governments should encourage people to use public transport. On the other hand, they should increase the tax on petrol. This will help to reduce the use of fossil fuels. They should either use renewable sources of energy like the wind and solar energy to solve the problem of pollution. Scientists are trying to find and use other alternative sources of energy. Moreover, more hydropower stations should be built to solve the problem of the energy shortage. They should raise people’s awareness of saving energy and reducing wastes. Governments should use sources of energy wisely for the future of our planet.
Topic IV. 6

It is believed by many that the earth is being damaged by human activity. First, human activity has damaged natural environment and almost exhausted natural resources. Modern industry needs more and more resources, including minerals, fuels, etc. Ecological balance is damaged because factories occupy many places for animals and plants. Another serious problem is the greenhouse effect. Due to the effect, icebergs in the poles melt and the sea levels has risen in recent years. Furthermore, we have less chance to approach nature and less space for leisure. In fact, if we want to have a picnic with our friends, we have to drive a long distance to find a good place. In short, human activity brings the earth a lot of damage. Fortunately, many people are aware of the problem. I believe that the earth will become a better place to live with our ceaseless efforts.
Topic IV. 7

First, I would like my hometown to become a beautiful city. As a big industrial city, my hometown has made a great deal of contribution to the country’s economic development, but the natural environment of the city has been badly damaged. The quality of the atmosphere becomes worse and worse, and people seldom see the blue sky during most of the time. Next, the city’s development needs clean and tidy environment to attract investors because the environment plays an important role in the city’s future. In addition, nowadays people have paid more and more attention to their health. If air pollution problem cannot be solved as quickly as possible, peoplewill not have a good health. In my opinion, solving the air pollution problem will apparently be the priority if I can change something about my hometown. Fortunately, more people are aware of the serious problem.
Topic IV. 8

Human activities are the main causes of the worsening of the nature such as the global warming. We should be aware of the need to protect our environment for not only our own lives but also the next generations. First, we can save energy by using less heat and air- conditioning, using energy-saving products. Another way is to recycle paper, plastic, glass, etc. When recycling is practised, it helps to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In addition, we should plant more trees because as we know, trees can absorb carbon dioxide and give off oxygen. All countries in the world should co-operate to better the situation. The government should educate the community and encourage everyone to join hands to plant trees, recycle and conserve energy. Then, stricter laws on environmental problems should be passed and enforced to better our neighbourhood. People all over the world must co-operate to stop the global warming process.

Theme 5: Recreation & Travelling

Topic V. 1

There are several reasons why television is an essential part in our lives. First, television helps us see more of the world and learn useful things because TV programmes can provide us with general knowledge about many fields. For example, we can know and understand different cultures and customs around the world just by staying at home to watch TV programmes. Second, television can also entertain us with interesting and exciting
programmes such as comedy shows or films. It is one of the best ways to help us relax and have fun after work. Finally, TV can make things memorable because it presents information in an effective way with moving images and sounds. In conclusion, television has many benefits because it is not only a source of information but also a means of entertainment.
Topic V.2

Since I was young, my parents have bought me a lot of books. At first, I thought reading was boring; however, I soon learn to love reading. The comic books I read offer me a lot of pleasure and delight. Reading has improved my command of English, I also gain a lot of general knowledge, especially from reading non-fiction books. I like reading books on subjects that 1 am interested in school. Reading also provide a world where we can experience things which we may never meet in real life. In short, I think reading is both fun and beneficial.
Topic V.3

Music is a very important part of our lives. Music is used for dancing, loving, and thinking. Some songs remind us of our childhood or youth. Others remind us of the people we love. Many important occasions, like weddings and funerals have special music. Music can be used to communicate. Music can express ideas, thoughts and feelings. In fact, it can express one’s anger, love, hate or friendship. Above all, music is a great way to entertain. It makes people happy and excited, and it delights the senses. Music can be considered as the same language for all people, and understanding music helps you understand other cultures, history and people.
Topic V.4

My favourite leisure activity is reading. I like reading because it is a hobby that is useful and interesting. You can gain a lot of knowledge of all fields that you need, and books can give you the joy and help you relax after a hard-working day. When you join the forum for people who have interests similar to you, you can share the comments on the books or novels that interest you or participate in discussions on the forum about reading. I often read books at the weekend or on holiday. I also help some friends select the genres of books that they like. I hope that I will have my own library in the near future. I love books very much, and I couldn’t live without them.
Topic V. 5

Health is considered to be the most valuable thing one possesses. The most effective way to better one’s health is doing regular exercise. One advantage of doing exercise is to reduce stress. People who exercise are likely to feel more relaxed, healthier, and happier. Doing regular exercise helps the body produce certain chemicals which will reduce the worry about life. Another benefit exercising brings us is that we will feel more energetic to overcome our daily problems. Doing exercises helps us reduce the possibility of being ill, protects us from some fatal diseases as heart diseases. Spending time doing exercise will ensure us a longer, healthier and happier life. Another good thing is that doing exercise
helps us feel more self-confident. With good health, we will think positively, do confidently, and lead an optimistic life. To sum up, doing exercise regularly enables people to have good body-building, keep fit and brings us other benefits.
Topic V.6

An airplane is a form of transportation that has changed people’s lives. Thanks to the plane, our lives are now faster, more exciting, and more convenient than before. We cannot deny that flying is fast. For example, a businessman can leave Ha Noi at 11 am and arrive in New York in 17 hours later. It is always exciting to take a plane trip. When you take a trip by plane, you know that you may cross many time zones, oceans, and countries, meeting people from different cultures. Last but not least, travelling by plane is the safest way with the minimum accidents while the accidents on the roads or on the rivers are far much higher than those by air. Although other forms of transportation may be also comfortable, none has changed the way we do business and the way we live our lives more than the plane.

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