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Topic II. 6

There are several reasons why students would like to study abroad. First, they can gain higher academic qualifications when studying overseas. A large number of prestigious universities in the world have professional lecturers who are experts in their fields and better courses. Therefore, students can have more opportunities to find a well-paid job in their home country or get promoted in their career path after graduation. Second, living and studying in other countries may help students learn foreign languages such as English or French and communicate with native speakers. Finally, if students are sent to foreign countries for their studies, they will be likely to become more mature and independent. Experiencing new things including customs and cultures would be beneficial to their later lives because they learn many useful things. In short, it seems that studying abroad is a good opportunity to help young learners prepare for their future best.
Topic II. 7

We gain our knowledge about the world and our life mostly from books. Knowledge from books forms a very important part of our knowledge structure. In schools and colleges, we learn knowledge which is fundamental to our future career.
We learn knowledge from books in order to make our contributions to our society in the future. A student learns mathematics and other scientific knowledge and becomes a scientist or an engineer. We will be illiterate and ignorant without learning knowledge from books. Moreover, we acquire knowledge about life and the world by reading books, magazines and newspapers. This is also very important because we cannot experience everything by ourselves. In short, we should have a real understanding of knowledge from books, and learn how to apply this knowledge to real world situations.
Topic II. 8

First, people would like to gain more knowledge and learn more skills. Recently, most jobs require people with higher education and good job skills. Next, as technology advances all over the world, people require more and more education. Furthermore, many people follow college or university to make more friends and increase their interpersonal skills. They can meet more people who have the similar interests with them. Last but not least, people who graduate from college seem more confident in our community. They are more respected by society, and they can confidently talk and do their jobs as they are more educated. Therefore, most people want to get the confidence through the university or college study. In today’s society, people need more knowledge and skills to be adapted, and the university or college study is a good way to achieve this.
Topic II.9

More and more students try their best to attend college or university. First, going to university means gaining competence in order to live a better life in the future. Competitions of our days have become more and more drastic, and even a simple job or low position will attract hundreds of candidates to apply for it. Only those who have a good education and a college degree can gain better work. Therefore, we should attend college or university for better competence. Second, attending college can change our life. People who have taken higher education can get better jobs in their hometown or in big cities where a lot of people want to go to. Finally, attending college is to increase our knowledge. The process of study is so interesting that it makes our lives meaningful and exciting. It expands our vision by offering us with lots of new things which we can gain from our daily life.
Topic II.10

Nowadays, some students have the bad habit of cheating in their study and have an illusion of achievement. When a student have an intention of cheating in exams, he does not study hard enough. In class, the student does not pay attention to the teachers’ explanations, and he is unwillingly to complete his homework in an appropriate way. As a result, the academic abilities will become worse and worse. Although some students can cheat during the tests in class, they cannot do anything wrong at the important examinations. Therefore, they are certainly to fail to satisfy the requirements of the graduation or admission to any institutions. Above all, the bad habit of cheating leaves a bad effect on the development of the student’s characters. People will look down on him. It is our duty to make that kind of students be aware of the bad effects of cheating in study and help them keep on with their study in the correct direction.

Topic II.11

Nowadays, students have greatly benefited from modem technology, especially electronic devices in learning. First, students study better by using helpful learning applications on smartphones, laptops, tablets and other media players (dictionary, spelling, translation, pronunciation, and others). Second, electronic devices help students communicate with each other or relax by listening to music and playing games when they are bored and tired of studying. Finally, they can be used for research and study, and for storing information and textbooks. This can save time and make students’ backpacks lighter. In short, electronic devices in learning have many advantages, but they may bring more harm than good to students if they use these devices too much or in inappropriate ways.
Topic II.12

In order to learn about something complex, it is always best to have a teacher. Teachers can help students learn in the ways that are best for each student. A good teacher can adapt her teaching to your needs. Teachers help you focus on what you are learning. If you are learning something by yourself, it is easy to become distracted and go on to other activities. Teachers keep your attention on the subject. They also approach a subject logically, taking it one step at a time. Learning a subject on your own is a very narrow way because you can only use the information you get from the textbook. With a teacher, you get the information in the extra written materials as well as the teacher’s own knowledge and experience of the topic. Although you can learn on your own, a good teacher is the biggest help you can have for your learning.
Topic II.13

Preparing for a job interview can be stressful and very important when you are called for the first interview. First, you should find out as much as possible about the company and the job you apply for. You can surf the company website to collect all the necessary information about the vacancy. Second, before the interview you have to send a letter of application and your curriculum vitae stating all your strengths and potentials. In addition, you have to imagine the questions which are possibly asked in the job interview and work out the best answers. Finally, you should have good concentration and make a real effort to answer all the questions the interviewer asks. You shouldn’t avoid difficult questions about the job, but show enthusiasm when it is explained to you. Good preparations and the right attitude towards the job interview help you succeed in getting the job offer.
Topic II.14

My favourite subject is English because of a number of reasons. First, I like to learn this subject because it is one of the core subjects which are vital and essential in my career path. I try to learn this international language well so that I can communicate with foreigners and find a good job in the future. Second, learning English well can help me read books or magazines in English. Through reading books in English, I can be exposed to various cultures and customs. Next, my English teacher is a dedicated person who can engage me in her lessons and bring the passion to me. I find her lessons interesting because she delivers
them in a way that I really like. In short, English is an important subject that I am really keen on.

Theme 3: Culture, Community, Technology
Topic III.1

Visitors coming from a different culture should have a look into Vietnamese culture before their visit to Vietnam. First, they should call first when planning to visit someone at home, arrive on time when invited to someone’s home, and bargain when buying things in open-air markets. Moreover, they should not wear casual clothes such as shorts, pullovers... when coming to visit pagodas or temples, open a gift in front of the giver, kiss friends when meeting them in public places because these bahaviours are considered impolite in Vietnam. The cultural awareness will help visitors get respect from Vietnamese people and they can enjoy their visit.
Topic III. 2

Despite the variety, the typical marriage customs in Vietnam proceed through three stages: before the wedding, during the wedding and after the wedding. Before getting married, most couples have their engagement period which may vary from several months to several years, depending on their individual decision. When the couple are ready for the marriage life, it is the right time for the wedding ceremony which can be held either in church, pagoda or at home, depending on the couple’s religions and family traditions. Following the ceremony is usually the wedding party which can be held in a restaurant with the fine foods and drinks. The guests to the reception usually give the couple money as gifts to help them cover their expenses. After the wedding, the couple may take their time by going on their honeymoon in a place of their interest to start a new life together.
Topic III. 3

People volunteer for a number of different reasons. First, they want to do something good for others. People who volunteer in the community want to make it a better place for themselves and for others. Second, many people choose to volunteer because of the personal benefits that volunteering has on their characters. Indeed, a volunteer often says that the experience has made him or her become a better person. In addition, volunteer work is a great way to gain experience in a variety of fields. They can gain experience in education, social work, health care, web design... Volunteering is also a good way to put in a little of your time and gain some valuable skills whether professional or practical. Volunteer work can often lead to a paying job. English teaching is a great example of a volunteer job that often turns into a career.
Topic III. 4

I have harbored the dream to work for the World Health Organization (WHO) for a number of reasons. First, working for WHO gives me opportunities to live abroad, to use English at work, and to have a high salary. I think it will be an interesting life to have chance to travel around to meet different people from many cultures. Second, I will be able to further my biology knowledge by doing numerous medical researches, understand more
about the cures of illnesses and the reactions of the bodies to the changes of the surroundings. Last but not least, working for WHO helps me to be more aware of the value of life. Looking after people who struggle to survive will give me strength and hope, help me think more optimistically and do more positive things. I will try my best to realize my dream of working for WHO some day in the future.
Topic III.5

There are various reasons why many people think that friendship plays an important role in their lives. Firstly, everyone needs at least a friend to share everything regardless happiness or sadness. To me, I like chatting with my friends about what happened every day and discussing personal problems. Secondly, our friends will be ready to help us out of our trouble. They will give us some good advice and support when we are in difficulty. Finally, thanks to friendship, we will have fun and enjoy a meaningful life. Our close friends are helpful, caring, honest people who are willing to help us when we need. In short, without friendship, life would be dull and boring.
Topic III. 6

Women are more hard-working than men although they are physically weaker. Housewives often become passive and dependent on their husbands. Women with good qualifications should have a right to pursue their interests and follow their own career in order to lead an independent life. More and more women are now working in jobs that used to be considered suitable for men only. However, women often become exhausted if they have to do two jobs at work and at home. Married men and women spend about equal amounts of time working, but women still have to spend more time on housework. Therefore, men should share household tasks with their wives.
Topic III.7

We work with many different kinds of people. In my opinion, my co-workers should have some important characteristics such as independence, optimism, and teamwork spirit. A good co-worker should have his own opinions, and dare to propose his own ideas. Everyone tries his best to analyze every aspect of a subject so that it can be done best. Another important characteristic is optimism. If we have some difficult problems, we should encourage others to find methods to solve the problems. One’s good mood can easily influence others. In addition, teamwork spirit is an important characteristic of a co-worker. A co-worker should be tolerant to different people and their ways of working. He should be willing to dedicate his energy, time, and knowledge to reach the goal of the whole team. If everyone in a work group has these characteristics, the group can overcome difficulties and gain its aims.
Topic III.8

Life without computers seems simply impossible now. Computers have affected every aspect of our lives. Since the time they were invented, computers have encouraged great technological progress in different fields. For example, computers are used in many industries, corporations, organizations, homes to lead to many inventions, or achievements.
Along with computers, the Internet has aided the development in technology. The Internet has made our planet become smaller, and maintained the communication for billions of people. Computers can offer a great source of information, help students with their study and provide a variety sources of entertainment. However, many people argue that computers have killed physical contact between people. For example, nowadays teenagers prefer chatting on the computer to meeting face to face.
Topic III. 9

Information technology brings me so many positive changes though sometimes it causes some troubles. It is undeniable that information technology helps bring the family members closer as we always keep in touch with help of smart phones, laptops. Besides, it helps us stay in touch with the world around from our own tables or even beds by reading on-line newspapers, surfing websites. Information technology helps us to broaden our knowledge as we can learn or take various online and offline courses. Moreover, we have more chance to earn because there are always numerous jobs available in the IT field. On the other hand, we sometimes feel annoyed by bad and poisonous information, images, or websites. We are also afraid of losing confidential documents or files due to viruses or hackers. The most important thing I need to do is to take full of its advantages and try hard to reduce the bad effects that may bring to my life.
Topic III. 10

Nowadays, the Internet, which has many benefits and some drawbacks, is becoming common all over the world. Firstly, it can provide a lot of information and some kinds of entertainment for us. Instead of using the traditional media like newspapers, we can use the Internet to surf websites to get information. When we have free time, we can relax by listening to music or play games. Secondly, through the Internet, we can not only keep in touch with our friends and family but also share opinions or photos with each other. Besides the advantages, it also has some disadvantages. It can make us lazy because we only want to use the Internet to get the solutions to problems instead of thinking independently. In addition, we can waste too much time sitting in front of the computer to read newspapers or play games, which can easily have a negative effect on our eyes. In general, I think the Internet will be useful to us if we know how to use it effectively.



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