Về cách phát

tải về 16.15 Mb.
Chuyển đổi dữ liệu25.11.2019
Kích16.15 Mb.
1   ...   189   190   191   192   193   194   195   196   ...   243
    Навигация по данной странице:
  • A B C D


  1. He comes from a large family, all of them now live in Australia.


  1. What happened in that city were a reaction from city workers, including firemen


and policemen who had been laid off from their jobs.


  1. The residence of Greenville, Texas hold an annual Cotton Jubilee to remember


the crop that caused their city to prosper.


Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 35 to 44.

Feminism, the collective term for systems of belief and theories that pay special (35)

to women’s rights and women’s position in culture and society. The term tends to be used for the women’s rights movement, which began in the late 18th century and continues to campaign for complete political, social, and economic equality between women and men. This article (36) specifically with the development of the ideas behind that movement and their (37) and impact.

Feminists are united by the idea that women’s position in society is unequal to of men, and that society is structured in such a way as to benefit men to the political, social, and economic (39) of women. However, feminists have used different theories to
explain these (40) and have advocated different ways of redressing inequalities, and there are marked geographical and historical variations in the nature of feminism.

Historically, feminist thought and activity can be divided into two waves. The first wave, which began in about 1800 and (41) until 1930s, was largely concerned with gaining equal rights between women and men. The second wave, which began in the late 1960s, has continued to fight for (42) but has also developed a (43)

of theories and approaches that stress the difference between women and men and that draw attention to the (44) needs of women.


A. notice

B. attention

C. benefit

D. equality


A. deals

B. tends

C. develops

D. initiates


A. pressure

B. problem

C. variation

D. influence


A. most

B. those

C. that

D. which


A. detriment

B. benefit

C. position

D. advocate


A. difference

B. attention

C. equalities

D. inequalities


A. widened

B. spent

C. lasted

D. lengthened


A. freedom

B. independence

C. tradition

D. equality


A. kind

B. sort

C. range

D. type


A. definite

B. specific

C. vague

D. general
Read the following passage and mark the letter At B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.

During the nineteenth century, women in the United States organized and participated in a large number of reform movements, including movements to reorganize the prison system, improve education, ban the sale of alcohol, grant rights to people who were denied them, and most importantly, free slaves. Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves. Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were feminists and abolitionists who supported the rights of both women and blacks. A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, also supported the rights of women to speak and to participate equally with men in antislavery activities. Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry into politics. They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and improve the conditions of others.

When the Civil War ended in 1865, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and suffrage to blacks but not to women. Discouraged but resolved, feminists worked tirelessly to influence more and more women to demand the right to vote. In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had yielded to demands by feminists, but the states on the East Coast resisted more stubbornly than before. A women’s suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote.


  • feminist (n.) = người bênh vực bình quyền cho phụ nữ

  • abolitionism (n.) = (sử học) chủ nghĩa bãi

  1. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?

    1. The Wyoming Territory

    2. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments

    3. Abolitionists

    4. Women’s suffrage

  2. The word “ban” in paragraph 1 most nearly means to .

    1. encourage B. publish C. prohibit D. limit

  3. The word “supported” in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by

    1. disregarded B. acknowledged C. contested D. promoted

  4. According to the passage, why didwomen becomeactive in politics?

    1. To improve the conditions of life that existed at the time.

    2. To support Elizabeth Cady Stanton for president,

    3. To be elected to public office.

    4. To amend the Declaration of Independence.

  5. The word “primarily” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .

    1. above all B. somewhat C. finally D. always

  6. What had occurred shortly after the Civil War?

    1. The Wyoming Territory was admitted to the Union.

    2. A women’s suffrage bill was introduced in Congress,

    3. The eastern states resisted the end of the war.

    4. Black people were granted the right to vote.

  7. The word “suffrage” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by which of the following?

    1. pain B. citizenship

C. freedom from slavery D. the right to vote

  1. What does the Nineteenth Amendment guarantee?

    1. Voting rights for blacks B. Citizenship for blacks

C. Voting rights for women D. Citizenship for women

  1. The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to .

    1. bill B. Congress

C. vote D. Nineteenth Amendment

  1. When were women allowed to vote throughout the United States?

    1. after 1866 B. after 1870 C. after 1878 D. after 1920
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.

Aging is the process of growing old. It occurs eventually in every living thing provided, of course, that an illness or accident does not kill it prematurely. The most familiar outward
signs of aging may be seen in old people, such as the graying of the hair and the wrinkling of the skin. Signs of aging in a pet dog or cat include loss of playfulness and energy, a decline in hearing and eyesight, or even a slight graying of the coat. Plant age too, but the signs are much harder to detect.

Most body parts grow bigger and stronger, and function more efficiently during childhood. They reach their peak at the time of maturity, or early adulthood. After that, they begin to decline. Bones, for example, gradually become lighter and more brittle. In the aged, the joints between the bones also become rigid and more inflexible. This can make moving very painful.

All the major organs of the body show signs of aging. The brain, for example, works less efficiently, and even gets smaller in size. Thinking processes of all sorts are slowed down. Old people often have trouble in remembering recent events.

One of the most serious changes of old age occur in the arteries, the blood vessels that lead from the heart. They become thickened and constricted, allowing less blood to flow to the rest of the body. This condition accounts, directly or indirectly, for many of the diseases of the aged. It may, for example, result in heart attack.

Aging is not a uniform process. Different parts of the body wear out at different rates. There are great differences among people in their rate of aging. Even the cells of the body differ in the way they age. The majority of cells are capable of reproducing themselves many times during the course of a lifetime.

Gerontologists - scientists who study the process of aging - believe this wearing out of the body is controlled by a built-in biological time-clock. They are trying to discover how this clock works so that they can slow down the process. This could give man a longer life and a great number of productive years.

  1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

    1. Signs of aging are easier to detect in animals than in plants.

    2. Aging occurs in every living thing after it has reached maturity,

    3. Not all signs of aging are visible.

    4. The outward signs of aging may be seen in old people.

  2. What does the word “it” in paragraph 1 refer to?

    1. aging B. a living thing C. an illness D. an accident

  3. All of the following may be the outward signs of aging EXCEPT .

    1. the graying of the hair

    2. the wrinkling of the skin

    3. the decline in hearing and eyesight

    4. the loss of appetite

  4. When does the human body begin to lose vigour and the ability to function efficiently?

    1. Soon after reaching adulthood B. During childhood

C. Early adulthood D. Past middle age

  1. What happens to memorization when the brain begins to age?

    1. It works less. B. It becomes forgetful,

C. It declines. D. It slows down.

  1. What does “aging is not a uniform process” mean?

    1. Not all living things age.

    2. Not all people age at the same time,

    3. Not all people have signs of aging.

    4. Aging doesn’t occur in all people.

  2. The word “brittle” as used in paragraph 2 means .

    1. soft and easily bent B. hard and endurable

C. hard but easily broken D. rigid and inflexible

  1. According to the passage, what condition is responsible for many of the diseases of the old?

    1. The arteries have become thickened and constricted.

    2. The blood vessels lead from the heart,

    3. The brain gets smaller in size.

    4. Bones become lighter and brittle.

  2. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?

    1. Gerontologists have controlled the process of aging.

    2. Gerontologists are working hard to help people live longer and more healthily,

    3. Gerontologists are trying to give people an eternal life.

    4. Gerontologists are now able to slow down the process of aging.

  3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

    1. All living things grow old.

    2. Aging is unavoidable in any living things.

    3. Plants show less signs of aging than any other living things.

    4. Most body parts wear out during the course of a lifetime.

Поделитесь с Вашими друзьями:
1   ...   189   190   191   192   193   194   195   196   ...   243

Cơ sở dữ liệu được bảo vệ bởi bản quyền ©tieuluan.info 2019
được sử dụng cho việc quản lý

    Quê hương