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  • A B C D
  • Notes

A B C


know exactly where the choices are located.

D


  1. Regardless of your teaching method, the objective of any conversation class

A B


should be for the students to practise speaking words.

C D


  1. Mrs. Stevens, along with her cousins from New Mexico, are planning to attend

A B C D


the festivities.

  1. The teacher asked him why hadn’t he done his homework, but he said nothing.

A B C D


  1. Hardly had he entered the room than all the lights went out.

A B C D

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 35 to 44.

AS OLD AS YOU FEEL

It might after all be true that you are only as old as you feel. A British clinic is carrying
out new high-tech tests to calculate the “real” biological age of patients (35) on the rate of physical deterioration. Information on every (36) of a patient’s health, fitness, lifestyle and family medical history is (37) into a computer to work out whether they are older or younger than their calendar age suggests.

The availability and increasing accuracy of the tests has (38) one leading British gerontologist to call for biological age to be used to determine when workers should retire. He (39) that if an employee’s biological or “real” age is shown, for example, to be 55 when he reaches his 65th birthday, he should be (40) to work for another decade. Apparently, most employers only take into (41) a person’s calendar years, and the two may differ considerably. Some of those prepared to pay a substantial sum of money for the examinations will be able to smugly walk away with medical (42) showing that they are really as young as they feel, giving them the confidence to act and dress as if they were younger. Dr. Lynette Young, resident doctor at the clinic where the tests are offered claims that the purpose of these tests will be to motivate people to (43) their health.

The concept of “real” age is set to become big (44)

in the USA with books and



websites helping people work out whether their body is older or younger than their years. Others simply believe that looks will always be the best indicator of age.

35.

A. prospect

B. arranged

C. based

D. established

36.

A. attitude

B. position

C. decided

D. aspect

37.

A. planned

B. provided

C. supplied

D. fed

38.

A. prodded

B. prompted

C. projected

D. provoked

39.

A. argues

B. discusses

C. enquires

D. debates

40.

A. incited

B. encouraged

C. supported

D. promoted

41.

A. detail

B. account

C. interest

D. importance

42.

A. evidence

B. signs

C. grounds

D. demonstration

43.

A. increase

B. gain

C. improve

D. progress

44.

A. pursuit

B. concern

C. trade

D. business
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.

Biological diversity has become widely recognized as a critical conservation issue only in the past two decades. The rapid destruction of the tropical rain forests, which are the ecosystems with the highest known species diversity on Earth, has awakened people to the importance and fragility of biological diversity. The high rate of species extinction in these environments is jolting, but it is important to recognize the significance of biological diversity in all ecosystems. As the human population continues to expand, it will negatively affect one after another of Earth’s ecosystems. In terrestrial ecosystems and in fringe marine ecosystems (such as wetlands), the most common problem is habitat destruction. In most situations, the result is irreversible. Now humans are beginning to destroy marine


ecosystems through other types of activities, such as disposal and runoff of poisonous waste; in less than two centuries, by significantly reducing the variety of species on Earth, they have irrevocably redirected the course of evolution.

Certainly, there have been periods in Earth’s history when mass extinction has occurred. The extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by some physical event, either climatic or cosmic. There has also been less dramatic extinction, as when natural competition between species reached an extreme conclusion. Only 0.01 percent of the species that have lived on Earth have survived to the present, and it was largely chance that determined which species survived and which died out.

However, nothing has ever equaled the magnitude and speed with which the human species is altering the physical and chemical world and demolishing the environment. In tact, there is wide agreement that it is the rate of change humans are inflicting, even more than the changes themselves, that will lead to biological devastation. Life on Earth has continually been in flux as slow physical and chemical changes have occurred on Earth, but life needs time to adapt, time for migration and genetic adaptation within existing species and time for the proliferation of new genetic material and new species that may be able to survive in new environments.
Notes:

  • fragility (n.) = tính mỏng manh

  • redirect (v.) = chuyển hướng

  • irrevocably (adv.) = không thể thay đổi

  • inflict (v.) = gây ra

  • proliferation (n.) = (sinh vật) sự sinh sôi nảy nở, sự tăng nhanh

  • irreversible (adj.) = không thể đảo ngược lại, không thể thay đổi được

  1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

    1. The variety of species found in tropical rain forests.

    2. The cause of the extinction of the dinosaurs.

    3. The time required for species to adapt to new environments.

    4. The impact of human activities on Earth’s ecosystems.

  2. The world “critical in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .

    1. essential B. negative C. complicated D. interesting

  3. The word jolting in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .

A. illuminating B. unknown C. shocking D. predicted

  1. The author mentions the reduction of the variety of species on Earth in the third sentence of paragraph 1 to suggest that .

    1. humans are often made ill by polluted water

    2. new habitats can be created for species

    3. some species have been made extinct by human activity

    4. understanding evolution can prevent certain species from disappearing




  1. The author mentions all of the following as/examples of the effect of humans on

the world’s ecosystems EXCEPT .

    1. damage to marine ecosystems

    2. habitat destruction in wetlands

    3. the introduction of new varieties of plant species

    4. destruction of the tropical rain forests

  1. The author mentions the extinction of the dinosaurs in the 2nd paragraph to emphasize that .

    1. not all mass extinction has been caused by human activity

    2. actions by humans could not stop the irreversible process

    3. Earth’s climate has changed significantly since the dinosaurs’ extinction

    4. the cause of the dinosaurs’ extinction is unknown

  2. The word “magnitude” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to .

    1. carelessness B. extent C. determination D. concern

  3. According to the passage, natural evolutionary change is different from changes caused by humans in that changes caused by humans .

    1. affect fewer ecosystems

    2. are occurring at a much faster rate

    3. are reversible

    4. are less devastating to most species

  4. Which of the following can best replace “in flux”?

    1. breaking B. producing C. changing D. increasing

  5. With which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?

    1. The extinction of a few species is an acceptable consequence of human progress.

    2. Technology will provide solutions to problems caused by the destruction of ecosystems.

    3. Human influence on ecosystems should not be a factor in determining public policy.

    4. Humans should be more conscious of the influence they have on ecosystems.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.

Though Edmund Hailey was most famous because of his achievement as an astronomer, he was a scientist of diverse interests and great skill. In addition to studying the skies, Hailey was also deeply interested in exploring the unknown depths of the oceans. One of his lesser-known accomplishments that were quite remarkable was his design for a diving bell that facilitated exploration of the watery depths.

The diving bell that Hailey designed had a major advantage over the diving bells that were in use prior to his. Earlier diving bells could only make use of the air contained within the bell itself, so divers had to surface when the air inside the bell ran low. Hailey’s bell was an improvement because its design allowed for an additional supply of fresh air that enabled


a crew of divers to remain underwater for several hours.

The diving contraption that Hailey designed was in the shape of a bell that measured three feet across the top and five feet across the bottom and could hold several divers comfortably; it was open at the bottom so that divers could swim in and out at will. The bell was built of wood, which was first heavily tarred to make it water repellent and was then covered with a half-ton sheet of lead to make the bell heavy enough to sink it in water. The bell shape held air inside for the divers to breathe as the bell sank to the bottom.



The air inside the bell was not the only source of air for the divers to breathe, and it was this improvement that made Hailey’s bell superior to its predecessors. In addition to the air already in the bell, air was also supplied to the divers from a lead barrel that was lowered to the ocean floor close to the bell itself. Air flowed through a leather pipe from the lead barrel on the ocean floor to the bell. The diver could breathe the air from a position inside the bell, or he could move around outside the bell wearing a diving suit that consisted of a lead bell- shaped helmet with a glass viewing window and a leather body suit, with a leather pipe carrying fresh air from the diving bell to the helmet.
Notes:

  • contraption (n.) = dụng cụ thay the tạm thời

  • tar (v.) = bôi hắc ín

  • repellent (adj.) = không thể thấm qua (nước...)

  • predecessor (n.) = người tiền nhiệm, vật trước

  • suffocate (v.) = làm chết ngạt

  1. The subject of the preceding passage was most likely Hailey’s .

    1. childhood B. invention of the diving bell

C. work as an astronomer D. many different interests

  1. Hailey’s bell was better than its predecessors because it .

    1. was bigger B. weighed less

C. could rise more quickly D. provided more air

  1. The expression “ran low” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to .

    1. sank to the bottom B. had been replenished

C. was almost exhausted D. moved slowly

  1. How long could divers stay underwater in Hailey’s bell?

    1. Only a few minutes. B. Just a few seconds,

C. For hours at a time. D. For days on end.

  1. It is NOT stated in the passage that Hailey’s bell .

    1. could hold more than one diver

    2. was made of tarred wood

    3. was completely enclosed

    4. was wider at the bottom than at the top

  2. The expression “at will” in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by .




    1. upside down B. with great speed

C. as they wanted D. in the future

  1. It can be inferred from the passage that if Hailey’s bell were not covered with lead it would .

    1. trap the divers B. suffocate the divers

C. get wet D. float

  1. Where in the passage does the author indicate how air traveled from the barrel to the bell?

    1. The second sentence of paragraph 2.

    2. The last sentence of paragraph 2.

    3. The second sentence of paragraph 3.

    4. The third sentence of paragraph 4.

  2. In which paragraph does the author describe the diving bells that preceded Hailey’s?

    1. The first paragraph B. The second paragraph

C. The third paragraph D. The fourth paragraph

  1. This passage would most likely be assigned reading in a course on .

    1. recreation B. astronomy

C. oceanography D. physiology



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