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A B C D


very well.

  1. California has more land under irrigation than any another states.

A B C D


  1. In the 1920's cinema became an important art form and one of the ten largest

A B C


industry in the United States.

D


  1. Ripe fruit is often stored in a place where contains much carbon dioxide so that

A B C


the fruit will not decay too rapidly.

D


  1. In the nineteenth century, women used quilts to inscribe their responses to social,

A B C


economic, and politics issues.

D

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 35 to 44.

No one can say when sports began. Since it is impossible to (35) a time when children did not spontaneously run races or wrestle, it is clear that children have always included sports in their play, but one can only speculate about the (36) of sports as autotelic physical contests for (37) .

Hunters are depicted in prehistoric art, but it cannot be known (38) the hunters pursued their prey in a mood of grim necessity or with the joyful abandon of sportsmen. It is certain, (39) , from the rich literary and iconographic evidence of all ancient civilizations that hunting soon became an end in itself at least for royalty and
nobility. Archaeological evidence also indicates that ball games were common among ancient peoples as (40) as the Chinese, and the Aztecs. If ball games were contests rather than (41) ritual performances, such as the Japanese football game kemari, then they were sports in the most rigorously (42) sense. That it cannot

(43) be assumed that they were contests is clear from the evidence presented by Greek and Roman antiquity, which indicates that ball games had been for the most part playful pastimes (44) those recommended for health by the Greek physician Galen in the 2nd century AD.



35.

A. think

B. see

C. have

D. imagine

36.

A. emergence

B. emerge

C. emergency

D. immersion

37.

A. people

B. children

C. adults

D. society

38.

A. when

B. whether

C. how

D. why

39.

A. therefore

B. so

C. consequently

D. however

40.

A. different

B. far

C. similar

D. old

41.

A. competitive

B. competitively

C. noncompetitive

D. competition

42.

A. definite

B. defined

C. definitive

D. definition

43.

A. really

B. actually

C. usually

D. simply

44.

A. as

B. like

C. alike

D. of
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.

Anthropology is the science of humans. In fact, however, it is only one of the sciences of humans, bringing together those disciplines the common aims of which are to describe human beings and explain them on the basics of the biological and cultural characteristics of the populations among which they are distributed and to emphasize, through time, the differences and variations of these populations. The concept of race, on the other hand, and that of culture have received special attention; and although their meaning is still subject to debate, these terms are doubtless the most common of those in the anthropologist’s vocabulary.

Anthropology, which is concerned with the study of human differences, was born after the Age of Discovery had opened up societies that had remained outside the technological civilization of the modern West. In fact, the field of research was at first restricted to those societies that had been given one unsatisfactory label after another, “savage”, “primitive”, “tribal”, “traditional” or even “preliterate”, “prehistoric”, and soon. What such societies had in common, above all, was being the most “different” or the most foreign to the anthropologist, and in the early phrases of anthropology, the anthropologists were

always European or North American. The distance between the researcher and the object of his study has been a characteristic of anthropological research; it had been said of the anthropologist that he was the “astronomer of the sciences of man”.

Anthropologists today study more than just primitive societies. Their research extends
not only to village communities within modern societies but also to cities, even to industrial enterprises. Nevertheless, anthropology’s first field of research, and the one that perhaps remains the most important, shaped its specific point of view with regard to the other sciences of man and defined its theme. If, in particular, it is concerned with generalizing about patterns of human behaviour seen in all their dimensions and with achieving a total description of social and cultural phenomena, this is because anthropology has observed small-scale societies, which are simpler or at least more homogenous than modern societies and change at a slower pace. Thus, they are easier to see whole.

What has just been said refers especially to the branch of anthropology concerned with the cultural characteristics of man? Anthropology has, in fact, gradually divided itself into two major spheres, the study of man’s biological characteristics and the study of his cultural characteristics. The reasons for this split are manifold, one being the rejection of the initial mistakes regarding correlations between race and culture. More generally speaking, the vast field of the 19lh century’s anthropology was subdivided into a series of increasingly specialized disciplines, using their own methods, and techniques, that were given different label according to national traditions.


Notes:

  • discipline (n.) = môn học, ngành kiến thức; scientific disciplines = các môn khoa học

  • manifold (adj.) = đa dạng

  • homogeneous (adj.) = đồng nhất, thuần nhất

  • correlation (n.) = sự tương quan

  1. According to the passage, anthropology is most likely defined as the study of

    1. one of the sciences of humans

    2. the biological and cultural characteristics of human beings

    3. the lives of peoples all over the world

    4. the distribution of human beings over the world

  2. Which of the following is NOT stated in the passage?

    1. Anthropology has been subdivided into special disciplines.

    2. Anthropology gives special attention to the concept of race.

    3. Anthropology is concerned with the study of human differences.

    4. Anthropologists are agreed on the meaning of race and culture.

  3. It is implied in the passage that the early anthropologists did research only on

    1. large societies B. modern groups

C. racial minorities D. civilized societies

  1. It can be inferred from the passage that anthropology was first developed in

    1. Europe and North America B. some primitive societies

C. some tribal societies D. some prehistoric societies

  1. Anthropologists of the early phases were regarded as the “astronomers of the


sciences of man” because .

    1. they also studied the sun, moon, stars, planets, etc.

    2. they also studied our planets as the sciences of man

    3. they did not belong to the societies into which they did research

    4. they applied the sciences of man to astronomy

  1. According to the passage, modem anthropologists study .

    1. only primitive and tribal societies

    2. both communities and modern societies

    3. only modem industrial enterprises

    4. both primitive and modern societies

  2. The phrase first field of research in paragraph 3 most likely refers to the study of .

    1. modern societies B. primitive societies

C. large societies D. industrial societies

  1. Small societies are preferable to anthropological research because they are

    1. simple, homogeneous, and change slowly

    2. small, isolated, and easy to study

    3. ancient, exotic, and interesting

    4. similar to primitive societies

  2. It is mentioned in the passage that the split of anthropology into two major areas is partly due to .

    1. more knowledge to be gained

    2. the development of the sciences of humans

    3. the interpretation of race and culture

    4. the development of modern anthropology

  3. It is mentioned in the passage that anthropology began to divide into various disciplines in .

    1. prehistoric times

    2. the Age of Discovery

    3. the 20th century

    4. the 19th century
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.

It is said that George Washington was one of the first to realize how important the building of canals would be to the nation’s development. In fact, before he became the President, he headed the first company in the United States to build a canal, which was to connect the Ohio and Potomac Rivers. It was never completed, but it showed the nation the feasibility of canals. As the country expanded westward, settlers in western New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio needed a means to ship goods. Canals linking natural waterways
seemed to supply an effective method.

In 1791, engineers commissioned by the state of New York investigated the possibility of a canal between Albany on the Hudson River and Buffalo on Lake Eric to link the Great Lakes area with the Atlantic seacoast. It would avoid the mountains that served as a barrier to canals from Delaware and Potomac rivers.

The first attempts to dig the canal, to be called the Eric Canal, was made by private companies but only a comparatively small portion was built before the project was halted for lack of funds. The cost of the project was an estimated $5 million, an enormous amount for those days. There was some on-again-off-again federal funding, but this time the War of 1812 put an end to construction. In 1817, DeWitt Clinton was elected Governor of New York and persuaded the state to finance and build the canal. It was completed in 1825, costing $2 million more than expected.



The canal rapidly lived up to its sponsors’ faith, quickly paying for itself through tolls. It was far more economical than any other form of transportation at the time. It permitted trade between the Great Lakes region and the East coast, robbing the Mississippi River of much of its traffic. It allowed New York to supplant Boston, Philadelphia, and other eastern cities as the chief center of both domestic and foreign commerce. Cities sprang up along the canal. It also contributed in a number of ways to the North’s victory over the South in the Civil War.

An expansion of the canal was planned in 1849. Increased traffic would undoubtedly have warranted its construction had it not been for the railroads.

  1. Why does the author most likely mention George Washington in the first paragraph?

    1. He was President at the time the Eric Canal was built.

    2. He commissioned engineers to study the possibility of building the Eric Canal.

    3. He successfully opened the first canal in the United States.

    4. He was involved in pioneering efforts to build canals.

  2. The word feasibility in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .

    1. possibility B. capability C. difficulty D. profitability

  3. According to the passage, the Eric Canal connected the .

    1. Delaware and Potomac Rivers

    2. Hudson River and Lake Eric

    3. Atlantic Ocean and the Hudson River

    4. Potomac and Ohio Rivers

  4. The phrase on-again-off-again in paragraph 3 could be replaced by which of the following with the least change in the meaning?

    1. ineffectual B. unsolicited C. intermittent D. gradual

  5. The completion of the Eric Canal was financed by .

    1. a private company B. DeWitt Clinton

C. the federal government D. New York


  1. The actual cost of the building of the Eric Canal was .

    1. $5 million B. less than what had been expected

C. $7 million D. more than what could be paid

  1. The word tolls” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

    1. grants B. fees C. links D. jobs

  2. Which of the following is NOT given as an effect of the building of the Eric Canal in paragraph 4?

    1. It took water traffic away from the Mississippi River.

    2. It established Boston and Philadelphia as the most importantcenters of trade,

    3. It helped determined the outcome of the Civil War.

    4. It allowed the East coast to trade with the Great Lakes region.

  3. What can be inferred about the railroads in 1849 from the information in the last paragraph?

    1. They were being planned but had not been built.

    2. They were seriously underdeveloped.

    3. They had begun to compete with the Eric Canal for traffic.

    4. They were weakened by the expansion of the canal.

  4. The word “warranted” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to .

    1. hastened B. guaranteed C. justified D. prevented

SECTION B (2 points)

  1. Finish each of the following sentences In such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

  1. Have you ever used gestures to communicate before?

Is it ?

  1. "Don’t forget to return the survey next Saturday," he said.

He reminded .

  1. “What shall I do with my heavy luggage?”

she said .

  1. He had a light breakfast and then went to work.

After he .

  1. “You damaged the television set in the living room,” said Tom to Mike. Tom accused_ .
  1. In about 140 words, write a paragraph about what kind of work you would like to do when you finish your education.

The following prompts might be helpful to you:

    • Introducing the career of your own choice

    • Giving reasons why you would like to follow the career: interest, encourage from your family, good prospect of the career, promotion

    • Stating your determination to follow that kind of work



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