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Only when . Exercise 10. (Phrasal Verbs) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. I was offered to work for IBM, but I rejected.

I turned .

  1. “There is no cooking oil left I’m afraid.

I’m afraid we have run .

  1. Paula came after everyone had gone home.

Paula turned .

  1. Derek happened to meet his former teacher on the way to the stadium yesterday. Derek ran .

  2. Steve met some of his high school friends while he was waiting outside the shop. Steve came .

  3. Mr. Roberts will return your call as soon as he comes.

Mr. Roberts will call you .

  1. Ann and her mother are alike.

Ann takes _.

  1. We should not make an important decision until we have thought carefully about it.

We’d better think it .

  1. The company rejected Hung’s offer.

The company turned .

  1. She has always had a good relationship with the children.

She has always got .

  1. Our wedding had to be postponed until September.

We had to put .

  1. I' m sorry I was rude to you yesterday.

I apologize .

  1. "Without the rapid growth in population, there would be fewer food shortages," he said.

He blamed .

  1. My protests were ignored.

Nobody .

  1. I dislike it when people criticize me unfairly.

I object to .

  1. You must congratulate her - she's passed the exams. She's succeeded.
You must . Exercise 11 (-ever words) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. You can use it as long as you like, and it will not wear out.

No matter how .

  1. Driving fast is dangerous whether you are an experienced driver or not.

However .

  1. We'll always remember these days together at our meeting in the future.

Whenever we .

  1. We must find him no matter where he is hiding.

Wherever .

  1. No matter how hard I tried I couldn't open the door.

Try as hard .

  1. You can take any of the routes, it will still take you about three hours to get there. Whichever .

  2. He can shout even louder but I still won't take any notice.

No matter how .

  1. I couldn't understand him even though I listened very carefully.

No matter .

  1. My parents find fault with everything 1 do.

No matter _.

  1. She never seems to succeed even though she works hard.

However .

  1. I'll find that man, no matter how long it takes.

However .

  1. He would never agree to sell his business, even if he received a very tempting offer.

However .

  1. No matter what your requirement is, the Volvo meets it admirably.

Whatever .

  1. I won’t sell the painting, no matter how much you offer me.

Whatever .

  1. No matter how hard Fred tried to start the car, he didn’t succeed.

However .
Exercise 12. (Time clauses) Finish eachof the following sentences in such a way that it means thesame asthe sentence printed before it.

  1. James spoke to his lawyer before signing the contract.

James didn't .

  1. Only after all the guests had gone home could we relax.

It wasn't .

  1. It's only when you'll be ill that you start to appreciate good health.

It isn't .

  1. He did not pass his driving test until he was nearly 30.

It wasn't .

  1. You can leave only when I tell you.

Until .

  1. During dinner, the phone rang.

While I .

  1. You'll learn the basic rules, and then you'll find it easy to play.

Once you .

  1. In the absence of the cat, the mice will play.

When the cat .

  1. My decision to get up and dance coincided with the band's decision to stop playing. The moment

I .

  1. Soon after they sold their house, they were offered a better price for it.
They had no . Exercise 13. (Adverbial clauses of result/ purpose, noun clauses) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed

before it.

  1. The film was so interesting that I couldn’t go to bed.

It was such .

  1. The bridge was so low that the bus couldn’t go under it.

It was .

  1. The tea was so bad that we couldn't drink it.

It was .

  1. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.

The meat was .

  1. The demand for tickets was so great that people queued day and night.

It was such .

  1. Their dog was so fierce that nobody would visit them.

They had .

  1. The protest has been so vociferous that the committee has had to reconsider.

There has been .

  1. She wore a hearing-aid even though she could hear the phone ring perfectly well.

She wasn't so .

  1. The door was so heavy that the child couldn’t push it open.

The door was too .

  1. It was such a delicious hamburger that I ate twice.

The hamburger .

  1. The gate is closed to stop the children running into the road.

The gate is closed so that .

  1. He will come because he wants to be sure of meeting you.

He will come so as .

  1. We left quietly so that we wouldn't disturb the children.

So as .

  1. They left fifteen minutes earlier than necessary because they didn’t want to be late.

In order .

  1. We got up early because we didn’t want to miss the first bus.

So as .

  1. The fate of the two climbers is unknown. It's a

mystery .

  1. I am amazed by the mistakes he makes.

What .

  1. It was his lack of confidence that surprised me.

What I .

  1. The headmaster said some very reassuring things.

What the headmaster .

  1. Mosquitoes cause malaria and this is well-known.

That mosquitoes .

  1. Such a ridiculous proposal isn't worth serious consideration.

There is no

point .

  1. The way people deface walls really makes me angry.

What .

  1. Ann's mother gave her a gold watch.

What Ann's mother .

  1. It took us three hours to paint the door.

We spent .

  1. We spent half an hour walking from our house to the river.
It . Exercise 14. (Phrases) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. No sooner had he been appointed to the post than the new editor fell ill.

Immediately after his .

  1. As soon as the ship arrived at the airport, the victims were taken to hospital.

On .

  1. Its lack of irregular verbs makes Esperanto a unique language.

Unlike .

  1. When the goods arrive at the shop, they are inspected carefully.

On .

  1. Her husband died. When she heard the news she fainted.

On hearing .

  1. When the Prime Minister was asked about the strike, he declined to comment.

On .

  1. After the beginning of the opera, late-comers had to wait before taking their seats. Once the opera .

  2. Martin has taken the time to help me and I wanted to thank him for that.

I wanted .

  1. He became ill because he not only worked too hard but ate too little.

What with .

  1. As she hadn't been there before, America was a whole new experience for her. Not having .

  2. These workmen hadn’t been told about the new regulations of the company and complained about it.

These workmen complained about .

  1. Although the dog appeared harmless, it was, in fact, quite dangerous.

Contrary to .

  1. You think that fat people are always jolly, but you are wrong.

Contrary to .

  1. Their chances of success are small.

It is not .

  1. “Look, I know you were very rude to me, but I don’t really mind because I know you were in a bit of state,” Jennifer said.
Jennifer forgave me for . Exercise 15. (Clauses/ phrases of concession) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

    1. Linda felt very depressed but she still went to the party.

Although Linda .

    1. Although both his legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it exploded.

Despite .

    1. Although Judy was severely disabled, she took part in many sports.

Despite .

    1. Despite having a lot of money, he wasn't happy.

Even though .

    1. Although he is industrious, he hasn't succeeded.

Industrious .

    1. In spite of the forecast, it stayed fine.

Although rain .

    1. Tony is very charming, but I wouldn’t trust him.

Charming as .

    1. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.

In spite .

    1. The robbery took place in broad daylight, but there seems to have been no eye witnesses.

Although .

    1. Professor Thompson finished his lecture although he was constantly interrupted. Despite .

    2. Although I warned them not to climb that tree, they did.

In spite .

    1. In spite of his age, he often plays badminton every morning.

Although .

    1. Despite having few passengers, the coach to Dover will still leave as planned. Even though .

    2. However friendly he seems, he is not to be trusted.

Friendly as .

    1. However strong he is, he still can’t lift the box.

Strong .

    1. Tired as he was, he agreed to help me with my homework.

Although .

    1. We were very impressed by the new cinema, but found it rather expensive. Impressed .

    2. Albrecht Durer created a fairly good picture of a rhinoceros without even having seen one.

Despite .

    1. Much as George loved travelling in Asia, he decided not to go to Indonesia because of his fears of terrorism.

Even though


    1. Despite the weatherman’s forecast of rain for tomorrow, they will go camping. Even though .
Exercise 16. (Structures) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. I have never read such a romantic story.

This is .

  1. I am not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test.

It came as .

  1. It is not easy to stop him from drinking every day.

To .

  1. The house seems to have been unoccupied for several months.

It looked as if .

  1. I think it may rain.

It look as if .

  1. The fact that every child has the same educational opportunities is essential.

It is essential that .

  1. Tom was the first person to recognize her extraordinary musical gift.

It was Tom .

  1. Next year's turnover and profits can't be forecast.

It's impossible .

  1. Can I speak to him about the problem?

Would it .

  1. I'm always nervous when I traveled by air.

Travelling by air .

  1. The sea was so rough that the ferry couldn't sail.

The rough sea .

  1. Happiness is elusive to rich or poor alike.

Whether you .

  1. I don't really want to have lunch yet.

I'd rather .

  1. Would you mind not smoking in here?

I'd rather that you .

  1. Please don't give me an injection.

I'd rather you .

  1. I'd prefer you to deliver the sofa on Friday.

I would rather you .

  1. I think you should buy a new pair of shoes and get rid of those trainers. It's high time


  1. You really should be able to dress yourself by now!

It's high .

  1. Your hair needs cutting. It’s time you


  1. The doctor advised me to rest for a few davs after the operation.

The doctor suggested I .

  1. You'd better go to the doctor if you've got a pain in your back, Anna" Henry said.

Henry suggested to Anne that .

  1. “Why don’t you put a better lock on the door, Barbara?” said John.

John suggested .

  1. “Let’s invite Dustin and Sophie to a barbecue this weekend,” said John.

John suggested .

  1. It is your duty to obey him.

You are .

  1. I'd do anything to be able to travel to the States.

Nothing .
Exercise 17. (Paraphrasing) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. I'm certainly not going to give you any more money.

I have no .

  1. I never intended to go to the meeting.

I never had .

  1. The rail workers do not intend to call off their strike.

The rail workers have no .

  1. Philip's inability to make decisions dates from his accident.

Ever since .

  1. The fisherman's life was one of great poverty.

Throughout .

  1. He was suspended for two matches for swearing at the referee.

Swearing at the referee earned .

  1. The students' riotous behaviour should have been severely punished.

The students deserved .

  1. She is proud of being such a good pianist.

She prides .

  1. I didn't know why people are attracted to spending all day on the beach.

I can't see the .

  1. The patient recovered more rapidly than expected.

The patient made .

  1. He refused to help, which surprised us.

His .

  1. I was greatly relieved to hear that her condition was not serious.

It was with .

  1. Nobody expected her to lose, but she did.

Against .

  1. He wanted to have his own way. He insisted, and this led to difficulties.

His .

  1. This is an important scheme and we want him to approve.


want .

  1. It's either this or that. You must choose.

It's a .

  1. There was a whole series of crimes. He confessed and this amazed everybody.

His .

  1. The engine failed because a part had been badly fitted.

The engine failure was due .

  1. We've been thinking the matter over and have finally come to a decision.

We've given .

  1. He speaks more persuasively than his brother.
He is a . Exercise 18. (Paraphrasing) Finish each of the following sentences in such a that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. You needn't make an appointment to see the personnel manager.

There is .

  1. She listens more sympathetically than anyone else I know.

She is a .

  1. Our hotel booking hasn't been confirmed.

We haven't received .

  1. Attendance at the exhibition has been down this year.

The exhibition has not .

  1. Do you agree with Jill's views on male-female relations?

Are you ?

  1. The dress was so tempting that I bought it.

I couldn't resist the .

  1. She doesn't pass the exams. She fails and this depresses her.

Her .

  1. We must think about ways of improving the transport system.

Thoughts must .

  1. We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful.

Much to .

  1. Many people were severely critical of the proposals for the new motorway.

There was .

  1. While I strongly disapprove of your behaviour, I will help you this time.

Despite my .

  1. There aren't many other books which explain this problem so well.

In few other books .

  1. We had to postpone the meeting because of bad weather.

Bad weather .

  1. According to his arrangement, a pension will be provided for everyone over sixty. He has arranged .

  2. As no one has disapproved of the scheme, I suggest we go ahead.

As no one has expressed .

  1. Everyone must admit that prevention is better cure.

There is no .

17. I don't want to go to that party tonight.

I don't feel .

  1. A house in that district will cost you at least $ 200,000.

You won't be .

  1. Why did he decide to go to Italy instead of France?

What convinced .

20. These new machines have put an end to queuing.
Before these . Exercise 19. (Paraphrasing) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. He didn't come until six o'clock.


was .

  1. Do not blame me if the tin-opener's broken.

It is

not .

  1. The train journey from London to Bristol takes two hours. It is

a _.

  1. Please check for damage before signing the delivery.

Do not .

  1. It is my impression that she is enjoying her new job a great deal.


seems .

  1. Whose suitcase is this?


does ?

  1. I can't often afford to spend my holiday abroad.

I'm seldom

able_ .

  1. I was very impressed by his performance. I found

his .

  1. Her employers often send her to the United States.

She often

gets .

  1. If you have bars on your windows, people can't break into your house. Having bars on your window


  1. She needs to study harder. She

doesn't .

  1. That dress has only the slightest mark on it.

I can barely

see .

  1. He insisted on a full apology.


but .

  1. Tim insisted on being told the complete story. Nothing

but .

  1. It's a good idea to take the train.


had .

  1. I don't really want to go out tonight.


rather .

  1. I only paid a few hundred pounds for the car.


car .

  1. If there's an emergency, ring this number.


case .

  1. You pay $20 a month for a period of one year. You pay in twelve successive


  1. That's none of your business.
That's got nothing . Exercise 20. (Paraphrasing) Finish each of the following sentences In such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. My income does not enable me to meet all my financial commitments.

I can't .

  1. Most students can work very hard when they feel like it.

Most students are

capable .

  1. She didn't inherit anything in her uncle's will.

Her uncle didn't leave .

  1. It seems that no one predicted the correct result.

No one seems .

  1. She acted brilliantly in the school play.

She gave .

  1. They were married in the summer of 2000. Their

wedding .

  1. His life was despaired of.

All hope that .

  1. There was never any answer when we rang.

Every time we .

  1. That is the last time I go to that restaurant.

I certainly .

  1. The heavy rain made it impossible for us to have our picnic. We were not


  1. Can we trust her?

Is she ?

  1. I never miss out on a cup of coffee when I visit her flat.

She always .

  1. The police are advising vigilance as there have been more robberies lately.

Due to the recent .

  1. Joseph is going to Athens for graduate work in archeology.

Joseph is leaving .

  1. Nobody helped me to build this.

I built .

  1. If we wait long, we'll get what we want.

It's just a_ .

  1. That rumour about the politician and construction contract is absolutely false. There is absolutely no .

  2. Martin may not be very well but he still manages to enjoy life.

Martin's poor .

  1. I didn't realize how much he was influenced by his brother.

I didn't realize the .

  1. He did all out of his kindness.

All that he did .
Exercise 21. (Paraphrasing) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.

  1. I would do anything for you.

There's nothing .

  1. If you weren't born in this country, you can't vote in the election.

Not .

  1. Letters of application must be handwritten.

You must .

  1. I'm more interested in the people than the job.

It's not the .

  1. Our present financial problems will soon be a thing of the past.

We shall soon .

  1. Cheques should only be accepted with proof of identity.

Never accept .

  1. It appears that I have left my medical cards at home.

I don't seem .

  1. He used to rise at dawn until he was old.

His habit of .

  1. That question cannot be answered satisfactorily.

There is .

  1. They went on smoking all through the meal.

They didn't .

  1. The instructions say you just add boiling water to the soup powder.

The soup powder just needs .

  1. "I wasn't there at that time," said he.

He denied .

  1. Why was she late?

What ?

  1. I had better get back to work.

It is better .

  1. You can eat as much as you like for $50 at the new lunch bar.

There is no .

  1. We couldn't get nearer because of the police. The police would not .

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