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Exercise 5: Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.


Television is one of man’s most important (1)

of communication. It brings (2)



and sounds from around the world into millions of homes. A person with a television set can sit in his house and watch the President (3) a speech or visit a foreign country. He can see a war being fought and watch statesmen try to (4) peace. (5) television, home viewers can see and learn about people, places, and things in faraway lands. TV even takes viewers out of this world. It brings them (6) of America's astronauts as the astronauts explore outer space.

(7) all these things, television brings its viewers a steady stream of programmes that are (8) to entertain. In fact, TV provides many more(9) programmes than any other kin. The programmes include action-packed dramas, light comedies, sporting (10) , and motion pictures.




















1.

A. procedure




B. means

C. manner

D. technology

2.

A. pictures




B. images

C. visages

D. portraits

3.

A. compose




B. type

C. computerize

D. make

4.

A. bring about




B. make out

C.- bring round

D. move around

5.

A. In




B. Because of

C. At

D. Through

6.

A. covering




B. views

C. coverage

D. looks

7.

A. In addition to




B. As to

C. Beside

D. By

8.

A. designed




B. patterned

C. monitored

D. built up

9.

A. excitement




B. distraction

C. fun

D. entertainment

10.

A. happenings




B. events

C. occurrences

D. meetings





Exercise 6: Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

TRAFFIC LIGHTS

The first traffic signal was invented by a railway signaling engineer. It was installed (1)



the Houses of Parliament in 1868. It (2) like any railway signal of the


time, and was operated by gas. (3) , it exploded and killed a policeman, and the accident discouraged further development until cars became common.

(4) traffic lights are an American invention. Red-green systems were installed in Cleveland in 1914. Three-color signals, operated (5) hand from a tower in the (6)

of the street, were installed in New York in 1918. The first lights of this type to (7) in Britain were in London, on the junction between St. James’s Street and Piccadilly, in 1925. Automatic signals were installed (8) year later.

In the past, traffic lights were special. In New York, some lights had a statue on top. In Los Angeles, the lights did not just change silently, but would ring bells to (9) the sleeping motorists of the 1930s. These are gone and have been (10) by standard models which are universally adopted.

1.

A. outside

B. out

C. out of

D. outdoors

2.

A. resembled

B. looked

C. showed

D. seemed

3.

A. However

B. Therefore

C. Although

D. Despite

4.

A. New

B. Recent

C. Modern

D. Late

5.

A. by

B. with

C. through

D. in

6.

A. middle

B. heart

C. focus

D. halfway

7.

A. show

B. appear

C. happen

D. become

8.

A. a

B. in the

C. in a

D. the

9.

A. rise

B. raise

C. wake

D. get up

10.

A. reproduced

B. replaced

C. removed

D. remained
Exercise 7: Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

The overall outlook for the hotel and tourism industry in Vietnam is very (1) . Tourism is viewed as an important economic (2) in the future development of this country, and it is easy to see why Vietnam, among the countries in South East Asia, has become increasingly popular as a new (3) destination. The sublime beauty of the

country’s natural settings is very (4)

. The sights, the sounds and the tastes of



Vietnam leave a lasting memory for many foreign (5) . Its key destination such as Da Lat, Phan Thiet, Hoi An or Nha Trang are offering, indeed, great tourism (6) .

Combine this with the friendly nature of the Vietnamese people and the current political (7) , and we are set for solid growth pattern for the years to come. It is therefore not a surprise that foreign (8) to Vietnam have steadily increased during the past few years.

Also important is the increasing demand from the domestic market. It is will make a short trip in 2017 within the projected that 17 million domestic (9) country for leisure and (10)

1. A.famous

B. good

C. positive

D.

proud

2. A.force

B. goal

C. growth

D.

task



5.

A. friends

B. foreigners

C. visitors

D. people

6.

A. industry

B. value

C. growth

D. worth

7.

A. stable

B. stability

C. unstable

D. instability

8.

A. arrive

B. arriving

C. arrival

D. arrivals

9.

A. tourists

B. people

C. guides

D. interpreters

10.

A. relax

B. relaxation

C. relaxed

D. relaxing
Exercise 8: Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

CARNIVOROUS PLANTS

All plants rely on nutrients taken from the soil in order to survive. However, in areas where the soil does not contain enough (1) nutrients, some plants have adapted to

(2) their diets from another source: living organisms. Though they are few in number, carnivorous plants are (3) fascinating beings that “eat” anything from one- celled organisms to insects in order to survive. They are commonly found in marshlands. Carnivorous plants feature one of several types of “traps’' to ensnare prey, which they consume to make up for nutrients that may be missing from the soil. While there are over 400 species of carnivorous plants in the world today, some are more (4) than others.

The most well-known of these plants are the snap traps, which include the Venus flytrap. Snap traps are easily identified by their leaves, which are separated into two lobes that have the ability to fold together. Inside the lobes, the surface is covered with tiny hairs


that are (5)

to movement. When the plant’s prey brushes against the hairs, it



triggers a closing mechanism that rapidly brings the two lobes together, trapping the prey

3.

A.tour

B. tourist

C. tourism

D. touring

4.

A.impress

B. impressive

C. impressing

D. impression





  1. inside. The response of the traps is phenomenal (7) speed: the time between triggering the hairs and snapping shut is less than a second. As the prey struggles inside the trap, it only triggers more hairs, causing the leaves to tighten their (8) . The plant then secrets liquid chemicals from special glands into the trap to dissolve the prey and absorb all of its nutrients. Besides the Venus flytrap, only one other type of snap trap exists today, (9) to as the waterwheel plant. The two share a common ancestor and differ only in a few ways. For instance, the waterwheel is an aquatic plant, while the flytrap is exclusively terrestrial. In addition, the flytrap feeds primarily on arthropods like spiders, while the waterwheel lives (10) simple invertebrates, like certain types of plankton.

    1.

    A. critical

    B. vital

    C. crucial

    D. indispensable

    2.

    A. modify

    B. enlarge

    C. augment

    D. supplement

    3.

    A. nonetheless

    B. though

    C. contradictorily D. yet

    4.

    A. prevalent

    B. current

    C. domineering

    D. prevailing

    5.

    A. vulnerable

    B. liable

    C. prone

    D. sensitive








6.

A. closely

B. securely

C. irreplaceably

D. steadily

7.

A. in accordance with

B. in preference to







C. in regard to




D. on merits of





Exercise 9: Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

8. A. fist

B.

hold

C.

seizure

D.

grip

9. A. denoted

B.

referred

C.

indicated

D.

implicated

10. A. off

B.

onto

C.

though

D.

with




Nearly 200 of the 1500 native plant species in Hawaii are at risk of going extinct in the near future because they have been (1) to such low numbers. Approximately 90 percent of Hawaii's plants are found nowhere else in the world but they are (2) by alien invasive species such as feral goats, pigs, rodents and (3) plants.

The Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Group is striving to (4) the extinction of the 182 rare Hawaiian plants with fewer than 50 individuals remaining in the (5) . Since 1990, (6) a result of their "Plant Extinction Prevention Program", sixteen



species have been brought into (7)

and three species have been reintroduced.



Invasive weeds have been removed in key areas and fencing put up in order to (8) plants in the wild.

In the future, the Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Program aims (9) collecting genetic material from the remaining plants in the wild for storage as a safety net for the future. They also aim to manage wild populations and where possible reintroduce species into (10) .

1.

A. disappeared

B. reduced

C. increased

D. developed

2.

A. guarded

B. invested

C. conserved

D. threatened

3.

A. national

B. native

C. international

D. non-native

4.

A. prevent

B. encourage

C. stimulate

D. influence

5.

A. wild

B. atmosphere

C. hole

D. sky

6.

A. so

B. due

C. as

D. but

7.

A. contamination

B. production

C. cultivation

D. generation

8.

A. derive

B. vary

C. remain

D. protect

9.

A. at

B. for

C. with

D. on

10.

A. shelters

B. reserves

C. gardens

D. halls





Exercise 10: Choose the word or phrase that best tits the blank space in the following

passage.

Health is something we tend to (1) when we have it. When our body is doing well, we are hardly (2) of it. But illness can come, even (3) we are young. In fact, childhood has been a very susceptible time. Many diseases attack children in particular, and people know very little (4) to cure them once they struck. The result was that many children died. About a century ago, (5) , scientists found out about germs,

and then everything changed. The (6) of many diseases was found, and cures were developed. As this medical discovery spread, the world became (7) safer for children. The result is that (8) a hundred years ago, the average man lived for 35 years,



nowadays, in many areas of the world, people can (9)

to live for 75 years. And



what do we expect by the year 2050? Undoubtedly, medical science will continue to (10)

. Some people will be able to avoid medical problems that are unavoidable today.


1.

A. forget

Bo ignore

C. give up

D. throw away

2.

A. awake

B. keen

C. aware

D. concerned

3.

A. if

B. so

C. when

D. while

4.

A. how

B. what

C. which

D. when

5.

A. therefore

B. however

C. although

D. moreover

6.

A. reason

B. origin

C. source

D. cause

7.

A. more

B. much

C. very

D. quite

8.

A. where

B. when

C. why

D. whereas

9.

A. desire

B. hope

C. want

D. expect

10.

A. speed up

B. advance

Cc accelerate

D. run






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