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Ví dụ minh họa 3: (Bài tập đọc hiểu)



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dụ minh họa 3: (Bài tập đọc hiểu)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Fiction is the writing of a story or text that is not true. It can be written in the form of either poetry or prose. Poetry is a style of writing in which short lines form verses. Often, words at the end of these lines rhyme, like “bed” and “red”. We call a group of verses about one subject a “poem”. Prose writing does not have verses, nor does it rhyme. It uses sentences and paragraphs. Prose is used in magazine articles, newspaper stories, short stories, and books.

Prose fiction has existed since ancient times, but most early fiction was actually written as poetry. Scholars disagree about the date of the first prose fiction book, or novel. Some scholars classify fictional stories from ancient Greece and Rome as the early novels. Others claim there were novels in Asia as early as the 6th century. These early novels were mostly short adventure stories about fictional characters.



In Europe, prose fiction began to seriously challenge poetry in the 16th century. A Spanish author, Cervantes, wrote Europe’s first prose novel in the early 1600s. However, longer novels, like Cervantes’s Don Quixote, did not become very popular until the 1700s. By that time, there were more printing presses, and more people knew how to read. In addition, more people had money to buy these books. Today, the vast majority of fiction is written in prose rather than in poetry.

Question 1: What does the word “It” inparagraph 1 refer to?

  1. Non-fiction B. Fiction C. Poetry D. Prose Question 2:What can we learn aboutnewspaper stories from paragraph 1 ?

A. They are usually written in verse.

  1. They are usually written in rhyme.

  2. They are usually written in paragraphs

  3. They are usually written by scholars.

Question 3: The word “classify” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to .

  1. teach B. write C. call D. learn Question 4: What can be inferred from the second paragraph?

A. Prose fiction has been very popular since long ago.

  1. Poetic fiction has not been around since ancient times.




  1. The date of the earliest known novel is the sixteenth century.

  2. The date of the earliest known novel is noteasyto determine. Question 5: The topic discussed in paragraph 3 is about .

  1. when prose became dominant in Europe

  2. when poetry became dominant in Europe

  3. when Cervantes became an important author

  4. when prose began in Spain
Hưởng dẫn:

Question 1: Đại từ “It” dùng để thay thế chủ ngữ trong câu trước “Prose writing” hoặc “Prose” nói chung.

Đáp án đúng D: Prose (văn xuôi.) Question 2:

  1. Đáp án đúng. “It (prose) uses sentences and paragraphs. Prose is used in magazine articles, newspapers stories, short stories, and books.

A, B “written in verse/ rhyme” tính chất của thơ ca (poetry).

  1. “written by scholars” (được viết bởi các học giả) không được đề cập trong đoạn 2.

Question 3: Ta hãy chú ý đến cấu trúc classify something as something else”. Cụm từ the earliest novels” dùng để chỉ “fictional stories from ancient Greece and Rome”. Đáp án đúng C: classify (= call) something as... = gọi cái là...

Question 4:

D Đáp án đúng: ‘The date of the earliest known novel is not easy to determine.”



(Thời điểm ra đời của tiểu thuyết đầu tiênngười ta biết đến khó xác định).

Ta ý sau: “Scholars disagree about the date of the first prose fiction book, or novel.” (Các học giả bất đồng quan điểm về thời điếm ra đời của tiểu thuyết.)



  1. Ta có ý “Prose fiction has existed since ancient times” chứ không phải

Prose fiction has been very popular since long ago.

  1. “have (not) been around” = (không) thu được kiến thức kinh nghiệm của thế giới; ý này không được nêu trong đoạn 2.

  2. “The date of the earliest known novel is the sixteenth century” thông tin sai. Trong đoạn 2 thì một số học giả cho rằng tiểu thuyết châu Á từ thế kỉ thứ 6 (the sixth century).

Question 5:

  1. Đáp án đúng: “when prose became dominant in Europe” (lúc văn xuôi trở nên ảnh hưởng lớn châu Âu).

Ý trong bài là: In Europe, prose fiction began to seriously challenge poetry in the 16th century.” (Ở châu Âu, tiểu thuyết văn xuôi bắt đầu thách thức thơ ca vào thế kỉ thứ 16.)

  1. “when poetry became dominant in Europe” → ý sai.




  1. Nhà văn Cervantes tác phẩm của ông “Don Quixote” chỉ dụ minh họa cho chủ đề nêu trong đáp án A.

  2. “when prose began in Spain” (lúc văn xuôi xuất hiện ở Tây ban nha): không được đê cập đên trong đoạn 3.



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