TrưỜng đẠi học khoa học tự nhiên chưƠng trình đÀo tạo trình đỘ ĐẠi học ngàNH: sinh họC ĐẠt chuẩn quốc tế Mà SỐ: 52420101 Hà Nội, 2012



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INTRODUCTION


Objects, position and functions.

History and Development.

Hydrobiological studies in Vietnam.

Methodology.


Chapter 1. AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT AND WATER BODIES


1.1. Aquatic characteristics supporting life.

1.2. Water bodies and their components.

1.3. Characteristics of water beds.

Chapter 2. Aquatic individual life


2.1. Movements

2.2. Feedings

2.3. Water and salt regulations

2.4. Reproduction and Development

2.5. Illumination

Chapter 3. Aquatic populations and communities


3.1. Aquatic populations

3.2. Interactions in populations

3.3. Population dynamics

3.4. Growth of populations

3.5. Aquatic communities

3.6. Community division and adaptations

3.7. Community distribution and dynamics

3.8. Interactions in communities


Chapter 4. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS IN HYDROSPHERE


4.1. General distributions.

4.2. Distribution dynamics.


Chapter 5. AQUATIC PRODUCTIVITY


5.1. Concepts.

5.2. Primary biomass.

5.3. Secondary biomass.

5.4. Impacted factors.

5.5. Methods enhancing aquatic productivity.

Chapter 6. EXPLOITATION AND PROTECTION OF AQUATIC BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES


6.1. Importances of aquatic organisms to the nature and man

6.2. Status of world exploitation.

6.3. Strategies of exploitation and protection in the world

6.4. Strategies of exploitation and protection in Vietnamn

6.5. Issues of water categories and divisions

Chapter 7. POLLUTION AND NATURAL WATER PROTECTION


7.1. Pollution causes and impacts.

7.2. Pollution determination.

7.3. Pollution levels.

7.4. Self-purification.

7.5. Pollution treatment and natural water protection.

75. Fisheries Biology

1. Code of course/ elective course: BIO3430



(Standard Training Program/Avanced and Talent Training Program of Bachelor in Biology)

2. Quantity of credits: 3

3. Prerequisites: Vertebrate (BIO3405)

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructor (Full name, academic title and degree, institutions):


    1. Nguyen Xuan Huan, Assoc. Prof. Dr., Faculty of Biology, HUS, VNU

    2. Nguyễn Thành Nam, MsC., Faculty of Biology, HUS, VNU

6. Course objectives (referring to outputs of knowledge, skills, attitudes):

6.1. Knowledge

+ Understanding and possessing knowledges on processes in the life history of exploited fish species, including reproduction, growth, feeding, mortality.

+ Possessing parameters that cause population dynamics and interactions between the population dynamics and natural factors and fishery effects.

+ Appling knowledges on life history of exploited fish species (reproduction, growth, feeding, mortality) for explaining exploited fish populations.

+ Simulating dynamics of exploited fish populations, exploitation prediction and proposaing measures for sustainable management and protection of fisheries resources.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ To be able to determine biological indices and parameters in the life cycle of exploited fish species.

+ To have the skill to calculate and prediction exploited fish populations and determine the threshold for rational exploitation.

+ To have the skill to learn and research by oneseft, group working and initiative attitude and to have a profesional passion.

6.3 Social skills and attitudes

+ From studied knowledges and results of population dynamic simulation, students will have responsibility in activities of protection and sustained use .

6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ To be able to apply the studied knowledges and trained skills into teaching or researching on problems of fisheries biology.

+ To have ability in application of studied knowledges in order to solve problems in practice.

7. Forms of assignment, evaluation and testing:



  • Midterm exam:

    1. Time: after week 8

    2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or written test in combination of short theoretical questions with exercises

    3. Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

  1. Time: after week 15

    1. Pattern of exam: written exam, including theoretical questions and exercises

  1. Proportion of total grade: 60%

  • In-class performance grade:

  1. Average of in class grade, consisting of direct questions or Quiz form

  2. Proportion of total grade: 20%

8. Textbooks (author, book title, publishers, year of publication):

  1. Cushing D. H., Fiheries Biology - A study in Population Dynamics, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1968, 200 p.

  2. Michael King, Fisheries Biology - Assessment and Management, Second edition, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007, 341 p.

  3. Nguyen Xuan Huan, Lecture of Fiheries Biology. (in Vietnamese)

9. Content of course/ elective course in summary (written at least about 120 words )

Fisheries biology is a scientific discipline which is focused on the study of natural history of exploited populations and their dynamics under impact of fisheries in order to propose measures for rational exploitation and stable fisheries management. Therefore, the subject provides knowledge of fish habitats and characteristics of reproduction, growth and feeding of exploited fish populations and their dynamics related to the natural conditions which fish live in and under the impact of fisheries. Relevant contents such as main resources of fisheries, methods for fishing and statistics of fisheries data, models for stock assessment and fisheries management are also introduced in this subject.

10. Content of course/ elective course in details (written as chapters, main topics,

subtopics, topics, items, etc):

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1. FISHERIES RESOURCES

1.1. Invertebrate main resources

1.1.1. Molluscs

1.1.2. Echinoderms

1.1.3. Crustaceans

1.2. Fish resources

1.3. Fisheries resources in the East Sea of Vietnam

1.3.1. Invertebrate resources in the East Sea

1.3.2. Fish resources in the East Sea

1.3.3. Other resources in the East Sea



Chapter 2. FISHING GEAR AND METHODS

2.1. Drift nets

2.1.1. Classification

2.1.2. Structure

2.1.3. Factors that influence the fishing effect of drift nets

2.1.4. Exploitation technique

2.2. Towed nets and dredges

2.2.1. Classification

2.2.2. Structure

2.2.3. Exploitation technique

2.3. Surrounding nets

2.3.1. Classification

2.3.2. Structure

2.3.3. Exploitation technique

2.4. Hooks and lines

2.4.1. Classification

2.4.2. Lines

2.4.3. Hooks

2.4.4. Squid hooks

2.5. Stationary nets

2.5.1. Structure and exploitation technique of Stationary nets

2.5.2. Traps

2.6. Other fishing methods

2.6.1. Fish catching by using the light

2.6.2. Catching fishes that are afraid of the ligh

Chapter 3. FISH STOCK DYMAMICS AND RLELATED BIOLOGICAL

PROCESSES

3.1. Fish distribution and abundance

3.1.1. Distribution and the concept of fish stock

3.1.2. Relative abundance of fish stock

3.1.3. Absolute size of fish stock

3.2. Relationships of the length and weigh

3.3. Selectivity of fishing gear

3.3.1. Treatment with covered codend experiments

3.3.2. Treatment with continuos experiments of different selectivity of fishing gear

3.4. Life history patterns of fishes

3.4.1. Concepts and opinions of the development in fishes

3.4.2. Forms and stages of the development in fishes

3.4.3. Cycle characteristic of the development in fishes

3.5. Growth in fishes

3.5. 1. Concepts of growth in fishes

3.5. 2. Fish growth equations

3.5.3. Significance of growth research in assessment of fisheries state

3.6. Fish feeding and the relationship of feeding and fish stock dynamics

3.6.1. Food spectrum, choice and competition in fishes

3.6.2. Predation-prey relationship

3.6.3. Feeding intensity and food digestion in fishes

3.6.4. Feeding rhythm of fishes

6.6.5. Relationship of feeding and and fish stock dynamics

3.7. Reproduction and recruitment

3.7.1. Spawning place and time

3.7.2. The length at maturity ( Lm50)

3.7.3. Time of recruitment

3.7.4. The length at recruitment

3.8. Relationship of fish stock size and recruitment

3.9. Mortality

3.9.1. Methods for determining the total mortality (Z)

3.9.2. Methods for determining the natural mortality (M)

3.9.3. Methods for determining the fishing mortality (F)

Chapter 4. MODELS FOR ASSESSING AND PREDICTING THE EXPLOITATION

ABILITY OF FISH POPULATIONS

4.1. Objectives of assessment and prediction of exploitation ability of fish stocks

4.2. Models of assessment and prediction of exploitation ability of fish stocks

4.2.1. Holistic models

4.2.2. Analysis models

4.3. Differences in assessment and prediction of exploitation ability of fish stocks between temperate and tropical waters

4.4. Studies of assessment and prediction of exploitation ability of fish stocks in Vietnam

4.5. Surplus yield models

4.5.1. Schaefer model

4.5.2. Fox model

4.5.3. Maximum Sustained Yield (MSY) and Maximum Economic Yield (MEY)

4.6. Yield per recruit models

4.6.1. Calculations using relative yield per recruit (Y/R) from Berventon and Holt model

4.6.2. Calculations of the absolute equilinrium yield from Berveton và Holt model

4.7. Method of Virtual Population Analysis (VPA) applied in estimation of weigh and biomass of exploited fish stock – VPA model.

4.8. Length-based Cohort Analysis (LCA) model

4.9. Prediction methods

4.9.1. Prediction by VPA model

4.9.2. Predictive model of Thompson và Bell

4.9.3. Prediction of fisheries state based on Catch Per Unit Effort

(CPUE) and Maximum Sustained Yield (MSY)



Chapter 5. FISHERIES ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING

5.1. Data requirements

5.1.1. Exploited fish species composition in yield

5.1.2. Biological data

5.1.3. Environmental data

5.1.4. Financial data

5.2. Data collection

5.3. Analyses and treatment of data and stock assessment

5.4. Potential yield analyses

5.5. Financial analyses

5.6. Fisheries monitoring

5.6.1. Collecting length-frequency data

5.6.2. Collecting catch and effort data

5.6.3. Measures of fishing effort

5.6.4. Changes in effective fishing effort

5.6.5. Fishing power

5.6.6. Spatial effects

5.6.7. Multi-species fisheries

5.6.8. Multi-gear fisheries

5.6.9. Monitoring recreational and subsistence fisheries

5.6.10. Surplus yield from catch and effort by area

Chapter 6. FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

6.1. Opinions of rational and non-rational exploitation

6.2. Management objectives and strategies

6.2.1. Key goals in fisheries management

6.2.2. Adaptive strategies

6.3. Regulations of fisheries

6.3.1. Input controls

6.3.2. Output controls

6.3.3. Enforcement of fisheries regulations

76. Animal Behavior

1. Code of course: BIO3431

2. Credits: 3

3. Prerequisites: Vertebrate (BIO3405)

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructors: - Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van quang

- MSc. Hoang Trung Thanh



6. Course objectives

6.1. Knowledge

+ Each student will familiar with basic defitions of animal behavior

+ Student will learn how to recognize patterns of behavior of animal, mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ Understanding roles of behavior and discussing how behaviors important to survival

+ Familiar with approaches used in studying animal behavior

+ Explaining why different approaches are used in researches on behavior (ex., evolution, physiology, psychology approaches, ...)

+ Each student will familiar with mechanistic causes of behavior: nerves, hormones, evolution, genetics, ...

+ Each student will learn how to discribe physiological basis of behavior, especially in navigation and communication of animals.

+ Each student will learn how to disscuss evolution of behavior (both individuals and groups level) in the manner of adaptaion under the pressure of environment (natural selection)

6.3 Social skills and attitudes

+ This project will promote student's independent learning skills, improve student's speaking ability and promote teamwork.



6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ Applying basic principles of animal behavior in studying evolution of complex behaviors (ex., human behaviors, ...).

+ Applying knowledges of animal behavior in breeding useful animals and preventing harmful (?) animals

+ Each student will be promoted abilities in writing, thinking, ...



7. Forms of evaluation:

  • Midterm exam:

    1. Time: after week 9

    2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or assigned essays

    3. Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

  1. Time: after week 15

  2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or assigned essays

  3. Proportion of total grade: 60%

  • In-class performance grade:

  1. Average of in class grade

  2. Proportion of total grade: 20%

8. Required textbooks (author, book title, publishers, years):

  1. Scott Graham, 2005. Essential Animal behavior. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  2. John Alcock, 2009. Animal Behavior. Sinauer Associatess, INC. Publishers. 9th Edition Sunderland, Massachussetts.

  3. Krebs J. R. and N B Davies, 2012. Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Blackwell Scientific Publication.

9. Course overview

In this class, you will develop basic understanding of the behavior, patterns of behavior, mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior, the formation of behavior based on the instinctive and acquired reflects under the control of nervous and hormones; patterns of behavior in orientation, migration, reproduction, feeding, communication, and societal behavior. The topics we will explore include the history of the scientific study of behavior; tools and approaches used to study behavior; the neural, hormonal, developmental, and genetic mechanisms that influence behavior; and ways in which animals survive, foraging, and reproduce, ...



10. Content of course

Chapter 1 Essential Animal Behavior:An Introduction

1.1. What is behavior?

1.2. Asking question in the study of behavior

1.3. Behaviors as adaptations

1.4. Why study behavior?

Chapter 2 Controlling behavior: The Role of the Nervous System

2.1. Stimulating a behavior

2.2. Components of the nervous system

2.3. Controlling prey capture

2.4. Controlling escape behavior

Chapter 3 The Motivation and Organization of Behavior

3.1. Motivation

3.2. Biological rhythms: clocks and decision making

Chapter 4 The development of Behavior

4.1. Genes and behavior

4.2. The environment and behavior

4.3. Learning, the modification of behavior

4.3. Navigation

4.4. Migration



Chapter 5 Communication

5.1. What is communication?

5.2. The evolution and design of signals

5.3. The environment and signal design

5.4. Alarm calls

5.5. Individual recognition: what's in a name?



Chapter 6 Foraging Behavior: Finding, Choosing, and Processing Food

6.1. Foraging decisions

6.2. Deciding what to eat

6.3. Optimal foraging

6.4. Ideal free distributions

6.5. Foraging in a risky environment



Chapter 7 Avoiding predation: Satying Alive Against the Odds

7.1. Primary defence: reducing the probability of attack

7.2. Secondary defence: reducing the success of the attaker

Chapter 8 Reproductive Behavior: Passing On Your Genes

8.1. Males and females are different

8.2. Choosing a mate

8.3. Mating systems



77. Experiments in Ecology

1. Course number: BIO3432

2. Credits: 3

3. Prerequisites: Basic Ecology (BIO3406)

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructors:

  • Dr. Le Thu Ha

Tel: 0903.217776; Email: lethuha17@yahoo.com

  • Dr. Doan Huong Mai

Tel: 0906261975; Email: maidh@vnu.edu.vn

  • Msc. Truong Ngoc Kiem

Tel: 0989097459; Email: kiemtn@vnu.edu.vn

  • Contact: Lab. Ecology and Environment Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Science (HUS), Vietnam National University (VNU), HaNoi.

Room 227 on the 2nd floor, T1 Bulding, HUS, VNU,

No. 334, Nguyen Trai Str., Thanh Xuan Dist., Hanoi, Vietnam.



  • Tel: 04.5572605

6. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills and attitude)

6.1. Knowledge:

+ To applicate ecological concepts and principles in the different levels.

+ To applicate knowledge of relationship between the human and nature in the rational exploitation of natural resources and preserve the purity of our environment for the sustainable development.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ Develop a positive attitude in working, collaboration skills, team work through the group homeworks assigned on the class.

+ Practise skills to plan, organize, manage, control, verify activities, and skills in teamwork, goal setting, result analysing.

+ Develop creative thinking skills, discovery skills as well as work independently to access and obtain knowledge of the subject.

+ Improve and develop capacity for analysis and self-assessment

+ Practise commentation and presentation skills; perseverance in working

+ Pratise skills in the laboratory, method collect and analyze data in ecological research,

+ Design of experimental models in ecological research; Assess impact of environmental conditions to organisms



6.3. Social skills and attitudes

+ Based on knowledge of the course, students are able to work on fields of biodiversity conservation, environmental protection and sustainable development at localities



6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ Applying knowledge learnt from the course and real data, students should be able to relate ecological principles to problems of habitat and species conservation, resource and waste management, pest control, and areas of environmental planning...



7. Assignment and testing:

+ Midterm examination:

Time: after 9th week

Form: objective test or multiple choice testor essay or combination, ...

Proportion: 20%

+ Final examination:

Time: after 15th week

Form: objective test or essay or oral or combination.

Proportion: 60%

+ Regular examinations:

Average marks of homeworks, mini tests, dicussions, seminars on class.

Proportion: 20%



8. Required textbooks:

  • J. Underwood, 1997. Experiments in Ecology. Cambridge University Press.

  • Nicholas J. Gotelli, Aaron M. Ellison, 2004. A Primer Of Ecological Statistics. Sinauer Associates

  • Luu Lan Hương, Trinh Thi Thanh, 2001. Experimental ecology. Vietnam national university Publisher.

  • Thomas M. Smith, Robert Leo Smith, 2012. Elements of Ecology. Benjamin Cummings.

  • Vu Trung Tang, 2003. Basic Ecology. Education Publisher, Hanoi.

9. Course overview:

This course will review major ecological concepts, identify the techniques used by ecologists, provide an overview of local and global environmental issues, and examine individual, group and governmental activities important for protecting natural ecosystems.  The course has been designed to provide technical information, to direct the student toward pertinent literature, to identify problems and issues, to utilize research methodology for the study of natural ecosystems, and to consider appropriate solutions and analytical techniques. 

This course is designed to support students to pratice skills in the laboratory, method collect and analyse data in ecological research. Some ecological field studies also help students to practice skills: observe, comment, collect sample and analyse ecological data... Other, this courses also help students know how can rational exploitation of natural resources and preserve the purity of our environment for the sustainable development.

10. Detailed course description:

Chapter 1. Methods and techniques in Ecological research

1.1. The methods in Field survey

1.2. The experimental methods

1.3. The simulated methods

Chapter 2. Experiment in Ecology

2.1. The assessment about quality and monitoring of water environment

2.1.1. Field survey : observe, collect sample and data

2.1.2. Analysis data in Lab.

2.1.3. Presentation and Seminar

2.2. The application of Remote sensing and GIS in Ecological research

2.2.1. Field survey

2.2.2. Analysis data in Lab.

2.2.3. Presentation and Seminar

2.3. The terrestrial ecosystems in Vietnam

2.3.1. Field survey : observe, collect sample and data

2.3.2. Analysis data in Lab.

2.3.3. Presentation and Seminar

2.4. The application of mathematical simulation in Ecological research.

2.4.1. Field survey : observe, collect sample and data

2.4.2. Analysis data in Lab.

2.4.3. Presentation and Seminar



79. Bioinformatics

  1. Course number:

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisites: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biophysics

  4. Teaching language: Vietnamese, English

  5. Instructors: Trinh Hong Thai, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Biology, College of Science, Vietnam National University.

  6. Course objectives:

  • Knowledge: To understand the main concepts of Bioinformatics. To understand and analyse the data of nucleotide and protein sequences, the gene and protein prediction, phylogenetic tree using protein and DNA sequences.

  • Skills: Practical doing in analysis of nucleotide and protein sequences.

  • Attitude: To work in group, confidence, activity and flexibility .

  1. Assignment and testing:

Grading on the basis of student performance in problem sets, projects/presentations, class participation and written examination.

  1. Required textbooks:
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