TrưỜng đẠi học khoa học tự nhiên chưƠng trình đÀo tạo trình đỘ ĐẠi học ngàNH: sinh họC ĐẠt chuẩn quốc tế Mà SỐ: 52420101 Hà Nội, 2012

Lichen 4.3.1. Morphology and structure 4.3.2. Classification Chapter 3. Subkingdom Lower Plant - Algae group

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4.3. Lichen

4.3.1. Morphology and structure

4.3.2. Classification

Chapter 3. Subkingdom Lower Plant - Algae group

5.1. Morphology of algae

5.2. Reproduction

5.3. Classification

5.3.1. Red algae/Phylum Rhodophyta

5.3.2. Phylum Cryptophyta

5.3.3. Dinoflagellates/Phylum Dinophyta

5.3.4. Diatoms/Phylum Bacillariophyta Class Centricophyceae Class Pennatophyceae

5.3.5. Brown algae/Phylum Phaeophyta Class Phaeozoosporophyceae Class Cyclosporophyceae

5.3.6. Euglenoids - Phylum Euglenophyta

5.3.7. Green algae/Phylum Chlorophyta Class Volvocophyceae Class Protococcophyceae Class Ulothrichophyceae Class Siphonophyceae Class Conjugatophyceae Class Charophyceae

Chapter 4. Tissue

2.1. Concept

2.2. Summary of Cell types and Tissue

2.2.1. Meristems

2.2.2. Derma Tissue The Epidermis The Periderm

2.2.3. Ground Tissue Parenchyma Schlerenchyma Fibers Sclereids Collenchyma

2.2.4. Vascular Tissue Xylem Phloem Vascular bundles

Chapter 5. Vegetative and Reproductive structures of plants

3.1. The Stem

3.1.1. External Morphology of the Shoot The Bud Phyllotaxis The Branching of the buds The mode of branching Modified Stems

3.1.2. Stem Anatomy Primary Growth Secondary Growth

3.2. The Root

3.2.1. External Morphology of the Root Four zones of the root Structure in Relation to Function

Absorbing Root

Storage Root

Anchorage Root Modified Roots

3.2.2. Root Anatomy Primary structure Secondary structure

3.3. The Leaf

3.3.1. External Morphology of the leaf The basic parts of a typical leaf Types of Leaf

Simple leaves

Compound leaves Modified Leaves

3.3.2. Anatomy of the Foliage leaf

3.4. The Flower

3.4.1. Structure Arrangement of Flower parts Perianth Androecium Gynoecium

3.4.2. Floral formula and diagram

3.4.3. Inflorescence

3.5. The Fruit

3.5.1. Definition and Classification

3.5.2. Fruit Wall and Pericarp

3.5.3. Histology of the Fruit Wall Dry Fruit Fleshy Fruit

3.6. The Seed

3.6.1. Seed Coat

3.6.2. Embryo

3.6.3. Endosperm Nuclear Cellular Helobial

Chương 6. Subkingdom Higher Plant (Magnoliobionta )

6.1. Bryophyta

6.2. Rhyniophyta

6.3. Lycopodiophyta

6.4. Equisetophyta

6.5. Polypodiophyta

6.6. Pinophyta

6.6.1. Cycadicae

6.6.2. Pinicae

6.6.3. Gneticae

6.7. Magnoliophyta

6.7.1. Magnoliopsida Magnoliidae Magnoliacea Annonaceae Lauraceae Ranunculidae Ranunculaceae Hamamelididae Fagaceae Caryophyllidae Caryophyllaceae Polygonaceae Dilleniidae Theaceae Ericaceae Cucurbitaceae Malvaceae Urticaceae Euphorbiaceae Rosidae Rosaceae Myrtaceae Fabaceae Sapindaceae Rutaceae Araliaceae Lamiidae Solannaceae Convolvulaceae Scrophulariaceae Lamiaceae Asteridae Asteraceae

6.7.2. Liliopsida Alismidae: Alismataceae Liliidae Pollination throught insect Amaryllidaceae Dioscoreaceae Orchidaceae Zingiberaceae Pollination throught wind Cyperaceae Poaceae Arecidae Arecaceae Araceae

49. Invertebrate Zoology

1. Course number: BIO3404

2. Credit: 3

3. Prerequisites:

4. Teaching language: Tiếng Anh

5. Instructors:

Full name

Academic title


Academic units and faculties

Nguyen Van Vinh



Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Nguyen Xuan Quynh



Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Nguyen Van Quang



Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Tran Anh Duc


Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Nguyen Quang Huy


Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Nguyen Thanh Son

Ph.D student

Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

6. Course objectives

6.1. Knowledge

    • To remember and understand scientific terms and concepts of invertebrate zoology.

    • To understand basic knowledge on morphology, structures, individual reproduction and development and systematics, recognizing the diversity of invertebrates.

    • To analyze and understand invertebrate adaptations and evolutions in the nature.

    • To analyze and take assessments of species interactions in populations.

    • To deeply understand functions and importance of invertebrates to the nature and man.

6.2. Skills

    • To be proficient in skills of using microscopes, stereo microscopes and making specimens in order to observe and describe invertebrates.

    • To understand dissection techniques for observation and description of internal forms and body structures of invertebrates.

    • To sumarize and analyze practising results in terms of appearance description and internal structures of invertebrates.

    • To remember and practice fluently the drawing techniques of body structures of invertebrate representatives.

6.3 Attitude

    • To strongly aware and understand importance of invertebrates to the nature and man.

    • To improve on natural love and awareness of biodiversity protection.

7. Assignment and testing:

- Frequency exams.

- A middle-term exam.

- A final exam.

8. Required textbooks:

- Edward E.Ruppert, Richard S. Fox, Robert D. Barnes. Invertebrate Zoology, Thomson Brooks/Cole Seventh edition, 2004.

- Jan.A. Pechenik, Biology of the Invertebrates, Tufts University, sixth edition, 2010.

- Dang Ngoc Thanh, Truong Quang Hoc (Editors). Practice Guide in invertebrate zoology. VUN Publishing House, Hanoi. 1999.

- Thai Tran Bai. Invertebrate Zoology. Education Publishing House. 2001.

9. Course overview

This course provides basic knowledge on invertebrate zoology. Main topics include morphology and body structures, functions and anatomy of organ systems for each invertebrate group, characteristics of invertebrate development and reproduction, invertebrate biodiversity and taxonomy, basic phylogeny and evolutionary adapatation, invertebrate importances for nature and man.

10. Detailed course description


1.1. Objects and contents of invertebrate zoology.

1.2. Invertebrate Zoology and other subjects.

1.3. Learning techniques for invertebrate Zoology.

1.4 Some major concepts.

Chapter 2: Protozoa

2.1. Morphology

2.2. Classification and class representatives.

2.3. Reproduction.

2.4. Importance.

Chapter 3: Eumetazoa

3.1. Eumetazoa and Parazoa.

3.2. Origin of eumetazoa.

3.3. Classification.

Chapter 4: Porifera

4.1. Morphology and body structures

4.2. Classification.

4.3. Porifera in invertebrate taxonomy.

Chapter 5: Coelenterata

5.1. Morphology and body structures

5.2. Classification.

5.3. Reproduction and Development

5.4. Importance

Chapter 6: Ctenophora

6.1. Morphology and body structures

6.2. Classification.

6.3. Porifera in invertebrate taxonomy.


7.1. Morphology and body structures

7.2. Classification.

7.3. Reproduction and Development

7.4. Importance

Chapter 8: Nemathelminthes

8.1. Morphology and body structures

8.2. Classification.

8.3. Reproduction and Development.

8.4. Importance.

Chapter 9: Annelida

9.1. Morphology and body structures

9.2. Classification.

9.3. Reproduction and Development.

9.4. Importance.

Chapter 10: Arthropoda

10.1. Morphology and body structures

10.2. Classification.

10.3. Class of Insecta

10.4. Importance.

Chaper 11: Mollusca

11.1. Morphology and body structures

11.2. Classification and characteristics of the main classes.

11.3. Body asymmetry

11.4. Reproduction and Development.

11.5. Importance.

Chapter 12: Echinodermata

12.1. Morphology and body structures

12.2. Reproduction and Development.

12.3. Classification.

12.4. Importance.


13.1. Appearance and modification of some organs.

13.2 Phylogenese

50. Vertebrate Zoology

1. Code of course: BIO3405

2. Credits: 3

3. Prerequisites: BIO3404

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructors: - Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Xuan Huan

- MSc. Hoang Trung Thanh

- MSc. Nguyen Thanh Nam

6. Course objectives

6.1. Knowledge

+ Understanding taxonomy, anatomy, biology and ecology of the vertebrates

+ Each student will learn the characteristics of morphology, anatomy, biology, adaptation and evolution of the major groups of vertebrate.

+ Each student will familiar with the classification of vertebrates, how to use field guide and taxonomic keys to identify unknown specimens of major groups of vertebrate.

+ Each student will familiar with the scientific methods using in studying and conserving vertebrates

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ Each student will learn how to work better in dissection and identification of major groups of vertebrate.

+ In this course, students are supplemented with knowledges and skills to participate researches on biodiversity, biology, ecology and conservatiion of vertebrates.

+ This project will promote student's independent learning skills, improve student's speaking ability and promote teamwork.

6.3 Social skills and attitudes

+ Each student will familiar with major groups of vertebrate, methods used in studying vertebrate zoology in the lab and in the wild, promote student's responsibility in conserving biodiversity and protecting environment.

6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ Each student will be given knowledges and skills which can be applied in teaching and studying in taxonomy, biology, ecology and conservation of vetebrates.

7. Forms of evaluation:

  • Midterm exam:

    1. Time: after week 9

    2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test.

    3. Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

  1. Time: after week 15

  2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or assigned essays

  3. Proportion of total grade: 60%

  • In-class performance grade:

  1. Average of in class grade

  2. Proportion of total grade: 20%

8. Required textbooks (author, book title, publishers, years):

  1. Pough, F.H., C.M. Janis, J.B. Heiser, 2009. Vertebrate Life, 8th edition. Benjamin Cummings.

  2. Hickman, C. P., Robert, L. S., Keen, S. L., Larson, A., I'Anson, H., Eisenhour, D. J., 2008. Integrated Principles of Zoology, 14th edition. The McGraw-Hill Company.

  3. Hà Đình Đức, 1971. Thực tập động vật học có xương sống. NXB Đại học và Trung học chuyên nghiệp.

9. Course overview

An introduction to the classification and natural history of vertebrates with additional emphasis on adaptive features of the functional morphology and ethology of animals. This course surveys the phylogenetic relationships, diversity, and biology of the vertebrates. This will include the following topics: (1) characteristics of the classes and orders of the extant vertebrates; (2) the evolutionary history of the various vertebrate lineages; (3) morphological, structureral, ecological, physiological and behavioral adaptations of vertebrates for feeding, locomotion, reproduction, etc; (4) diversity of vertebrates, conservation of wildlife in Viet Nam.

Lab practices provide knowledges of dissection structures and skills at identification and classification of vertebrate taxa.

10. Content of course

Chapter 1 The Diversity, Function, and Evolution

1.1. Classification of Vertebrates

Chapter 2 Vertebrates Relationships and Basic Structure

2.1. Verterbrates in Relation to Other Animals

2.2. Definition of Vertebrate

2.3. Basic Vertebrate Structure

Chapter 3 Early Vertebrates and the Origin of Jawed Vertebrates

3.1.Extant Jawless Vertebrates

3.2. The Transition from Jawless to Jawed Vertebrate

Chapter 4 Living in Water

4.1. The Aquatic Environment

4.2. Water and the Sensory World of Fishes

4.3. The Internal Environment ò Vertebrates

4.4. Exchange of Water and Ions

4.5. Respond to Temperature

Chapter 5 Chondrichthyes

5.1. Chondrithyes - The Cartilaginous Fishes

5.2. Subclass Elasmobranchia: Shark, Skates and Rays

5.3. Subclass Holocephali: Chimaeras

Chapter 6 Bony Fishes

6.1. The appearance of Bony Fishes

6.2. Extant Sarcopterygii

6.3. Extant Actinopterygii

Chapter 7 Living on Land

7.1. Support and Locomotion on Land

7.2. Eating on Land

7.3. Reproduction on Land

7.4. Breathing Air

7.5. Pumping Blood Uphill

7.6. Sensory System in Air

7.7. Conserving Water in a Dry Environment

7.8. Controlling Body Temperature in a Changing Environment

Chapter 8 Origin and Radiation of Tetrapods

8.1. Tetrapod Origins

8.2. Non-amniotes

8.3. Amniotes

Chapter 9 Class Amphibia

9.1. Amphibians

9.2. Biology of Amphibians

Chapter 10 Class Reptilia

10.1. Turtle

10.2. Tuatara

10.3. Squamates

10.4. Crocodilians

Chapter 11 Class Aves

11.1. Origin of Birds

11.2. Diversity of Birds

11.3. Biology and Ecology of Birds

Chapter 12 Class Mammalia

12.1. Origin and Evolution of Mammals

12.2. Diversity of living Mammals

12.3. Biology and Ecology of Mammals


Lab. 1: Vertebrate Anatomy: Digestive System, Respiratory System, Circulatory System

Lab. 1: Vertebrate Anatomy: Uro - Genital System, Nervous System

Lab. 3: Vertebrate Skeleton

Lab. 4: Adaptation of Bird Skeleton for Flying

Lab. 5: Identification of Fishes

Lab. 6: Identification of Amphibian

Lab. 7: Identification of Reptiles

Lab. 8: Identification of Birds

Lab. 9: Identification of Mammals

Lab 10: Diversity of Vertebrates in Vietnam (visiting Biological Museum, 19 Le Thanh Tong Street)

51. Basic Ecology

1. Course number: BIO.2083

2. Credits: 04

3. Prerequisites: BIO 2081, BIO 2054, BIO 2055

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructors:

  • Dr. Le Thu Ha

Tel: 0903.217776; Email:

  • Dr. Doan Huong Mai

Tel: 0906261975; Email:

  • Msc. Truong Ngoc Kiem

Tel: 0989097459; Email:

  • Contact: Lab. Ecology and Environment Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Science (HUS), Vietnam National University (VNU), HaNoi.

Room 227 on the 2nd floor, T1 Bulding, HUS, VNU,

No. 334, Nguyen Trai Str., Thanh Xuan Dist., Hanoi, Vietnam.

  • Tel: 04.5572605

6. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills and attitude)

6.1. Knowledge:

+ To grasp concepts and principles about relationships between organisms and their environment in the different levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems.

+ To understand knowledge of relationship between the human and nature in the rational exploitation of natural resources and preserve the purity of our environment for the sustainable development.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ Develop a positive attitude in working, collaboration skills, team work through the group homeworks assigned on the class.

+ Pratise skills to plan, organize, manage, control, verify activities, and skills in teamwork, goal setting, result analysing.

+ Develop creative thinking skills, discovery skills as well as work independently to access and obtain knowledges of the subject.

+ Improve and develop capacity for analysis and self-assessment

+ Practise commentation and presentation skills; perseverance in working

6.3. Social skills and attitudes

+ Based on knowledge of the course, students are able to work on fields of biodiversity conservation, environmental protection and sustainable development at localities

6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ Applying knowledge learnt from the course and real data, students should be able to relate ecological principles to problems of habitat and species conservation, resource and waste management, pest control, and areas of environmental planning...

7. Assignment and testing:

+ Midterm examination:

Time: after 9th week

Form: objective test or multiple choice testor essay or combination, ...

Proportion: 20%

+ Final examination:

Time: after 15th week

Form: objective test or essay or oral or combination.

Proportion: 60%

+ Regular examinations:

Average marks of homeworks, mini tests, dicussions, seminars on class.

Proportion: 20%

8. Required textbooks:

  • Charles J. Krebs, 2008. Ecology. Benjamin Cummings Publishers.

  • Manuel C. Molles, 2009. Ecology: Concepts and Applications. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math Publisher.

  • Thomas M. Smith, Robert Leo Smith, 2012. Elements of Ecology. Benjamin Cummings.

  • Colin R. Townsend, Michael Begon, John L. Harper, 2008. Essentials of Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell Publisher.

Tài liệu tham khảo:

  • Vu Trung Tang, 2003. Basic Ecology. Education Publisher, Hanoi.

  • Duong Huu Thoi, 1998. Basic Ecology. Vietnam national university Publisher.

9. Course overview:

This course is designed to introduce students to basic concepts and principles about relationships between organisms and their environment in the different levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems.

Other, this course also refers to the relationship between the human and nature in the rational exploitation of natural resources and preserve the purity of our environment for the sustainable development.

Ultimately, students should be able to relate ecological principles to problems of habitat and species conservation, resource and waste management, pest control, and areas of environmental planning...

10. Detailed course description:

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1. Definition

1.2. Purposes

1.3. History

1.4. Research method

1.5. Significance

Chapter 2. Interact between individual organisms and environment (Individual ecology)

2.1. Basic concepts and principles

2.2. Interact between individual organisms and environment

2.3. Behavior and scientific basic of behavior

Chapter 3. Organism populations

3.1. Definition

3.2. Structure of populations

3.3. The relationships of individual organisms in populations.

3.4. Production of organic matter and balance of energy in populations.

3.5. The fluctuation and self-regulation in individual number of populations

Chapter 4. Organism communities

4.1. Definition

4.2. Structure of community

Chapter 5. Ecosytems

5.1. Definition.

5.2. Structure of ecosystems

5.3. Synthesis and decomposition of meterials

5.4. Energy flow in the ecosystems

5.5. The Biogeochemical cycles

5.6. The Ecological successions.

Chapter 6. Biosphere and Biome

6.1. The evolution of organisms, biosphere and biodiversity.

6.2. The characteristic of biome.

Chapter 7. Population, resources and environment

7.1. The role of human in ecosystem.

7.2. Human and population

7.3. The strategy for sustainable development.

7.4. Activity of resources exploitation of human.

7.5. Ecological consequences caused by human activities.

53. Biochemistry & Cellular Metabolism

  1. Course number: BIO3408

  2. Credit: 03

  3. Prerequisites: Chemistry, Biochemistry (BIO2057)

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

  • Bui Phuong Thuan, Doctor Assoc. Prof., Department of Biochemistry and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS.

  • Nguyen Dinh Thang, Doctor, Department of Biochemistry and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS.

  • Nguyen Quang Huy, Doctor, Department of Biochemistry and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS.

6. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1 Knowledge:

- Well understanding and knowing the basic concepts about structure, characteristics and function of biological substances, as well as their metabolism, paying special attention meanwhile on the correlation with human body.

- Be able to analyzing the correlation between structure and function of biological substances, the regulation of each metabolism pathway, and explaining that the reunification in metabolism pathways brings up the integration of the whole organism.

- Well knowing and analyzing the impact of diseases on the whole metabolism process.

6.2 Skills

- To be independent at work

- Working on team

- Presentation and interpretation skill

- To be able of reading, listening, writing, communication in English

- To be able collecting, reviewing and analysis problems

6.3 Attitude

- Keep a positive attitude to any problems

- Self-confidence

7. Assignment and testing: Multi-choice questions, mini-quiz, discussion

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

              1. 8. 1. Obligatory textbooks

  1. Garrett R. H., and Grisham C. M., Principles of Biochemistry with a Human Focus. Publisher: Brooks /Cole, Pacific Grove, CA, 2002.

  2. Berg J. M., Tymoczco J. L., Stryer L., Biochemistry. 6th edit, Publisher: W. H. Freeman, 2011.

  3. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry. Lehninger A. L., Nelson D. L., Cox M. M. Publisher: W. H. Freeman, 2008.

              1. 8. 2. Reference

  1. Campbell M. K., Farrell O. S. Biochemistry, 7th edit, Publisher: Brooks /Cole, 2012.

  2. Devlin T. M. Textbook of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations, 7th edit. Publisher: Wiley-Liss, Hoboken, NJ (USA), 2010.

  3. Donald Voet D.and Voet J. G., Biochemistry, 4th edit. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

  4. Harvey R. A., Ferrier D. R. Biochemistry (Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Series). 7th edit. Publisher: Wolters Kluwer, Lippincott- Williams & Wilkins, 2011.

  5. James K. Hardy. Concepts of Biochemistry, Publisher: Wiley, 2006

  6. Marshall W. J.and Bangert S. K. Clinical Biochemistry: Metabolic and Clinical Aspects. 2th edit., Publisher: Elsevier Limited., 2008.

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

The course provides total knowledge about molecular components of the cell. The structure, properties and function of important biological molecules like proteins, enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids … are thoroughly and systematically referred to. The structural complexity and functional diversity of proteins are especially emphasized.

The intermediary metabolism is presented with the pathway regulation and metabolic integration as the main focus. The influence of disease states on the whole metabolism is also considered. The correlations between metabolism of different substances (like carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids) and organ specialization will help the students understand how various pathways are co-regulated, the reason why organism can adapt to the environment.

  1. Detailed course description (described in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)

Chapter 1: Chemistry of the logic of biological phenomena

1.1 Distinctive Properties of Living Systems

1.2 Biomolecules: the Molecules of Life

1.3 Properties of Biomolecules Reflect Their Fitness to the Living Condition

Chapter 2: Water, pH, and buffering

2.1 Properties of Water

2.2 pH

2.3 Buffers

Chapter 3: Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins

3.1 Amino Acids

3.1.1 Amino Acids: Building Blocks of Proteins

3.1.2 Acid-Base Chemistry and Reactions of Amino Acids

3.2 Peptides and Proteins

3.2.1 Proteins Are Linear Polymers of Amino Acids

3.2.2 Architecture of Protein Molecules

3.2.3 The Many Biological Functions of Proteins

3.2.4 Reactions of Peptides and Proteins

3.2 5 The Primary Structure of a Protein: the Amino Acid Sequence

Chapter 4: Protein: Secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures

4.1 Forces Influencing Protein Structure

4.2 Secondary Structure in Proteins

4.3 Protein Folding and Tertiary Structure

4.4 Subunit Interactions and Quaternary Structure

Chapter 5: Enzyme Kinetics

5.1 Enzymes-Catalytic Power, Specificity, and Regulation

5.2 Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions

5.3 Enzyme Inhibition

5.4 Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions Involving Two or More Substrates

5.5 RNA and Antibody Molecules as Enzymes: Ribozymes and Abzymes

Chapter 6: Enzyme specificity and regulation

6.1 Specificity Is the Result of Molecular Recognition

6.2 Controls Over Enzymatic Activity-General Considerations

6.3 The Allosteric Regulation of Enzyme Activity

6.4 Glycogen Phosphorylase: Allosteric Regulation and Covalent Modification

6.5 Enzyme regulation: Hemoglobin

Chapter 7: Mechanism of Enzyme action

7.1 The Basic Principle - Stabilization of the Transition State

  7.2 Covalent Catalysis

  7.3 General Acid-Base Catalysis

  7.4 Metal Ion Catalysis

  7.5 Serine Proteases

  7.6 The Aspartic Proteases

  7.7 Lysozyme

Chapter 8: Lipids and Membranes

8.1 Lipids

8.1.1 Fatty Acids

8.1.2 Simple lipids: Triacylglycerols, Waxes, Steroids

8.1.3 Glycerophosholipids, Sphingolipids, Terpenes

8.2 Membranes

8.2.1 Structure of Membrane Proteins

8.2.2 Membrane and Cell-Surface Polysaccharides

8.2.3 Glycoproteins

8.2.4 Proteoglycans

Chapter 9: Membrane Transport

9.1 Passive Diffusion

9.2 Facilitated Diffusion

9.3 Active Transport Systems

9.4 Transport Processes Driven by ATP, by Light and by Ion Gradients

9.5 Specialized Membrane Pores

9.6 Ionophore Anitibiotics

Chapter 10: Thermodynamics of Biological Systems

10.1 Basic Thermodynamic Concepts

10.2 The Physical Significance of Thermodynamic Properties

10.3 The High-Energy Biomolecules

10.4 ATP Is an Intermediate Energy-Shuttle Molecule

Chapter 11: Carbohydrates and carbohydrate metabolism

11.1 Carbohydrate

11.1.1 Carbohydrate Nomenclature

11.1.2 Monosaccharides

11.1.3 Oligosaccharides

11.1.4 Polysaccharides

11.2 Glycolysis

11.2.1 The First Phase of Glycolysis

11.2.2 The Second Phase of Glycolysis

11.2.3 Anaerobic Pathways for Pyruvate

11.2.4 Utilization of Other Substrates in Glycolysis

11.3 The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

11.3.1 The Bridging Step: Oxidative Decarboxylation of Pyruvate

11.3.2 The reactions of the Cycle

11.3.3 Regulation of the TCA Cycle

12.3.4 The Glyoxylate Cycle of Plants and Bacteria

Chapter 12: Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation

12.1 Complex I: NADH-Coenzyme Q Reductase

12.2 Complex II: Succinate-Coenzyme Q Reductase

12.3 Complex III: Coenzyme Q-Cytochrome c Reductase

12.4 Complex IV: Cytochrome c Oxidase

12.5 ATP Synthase

12.6 The P/O Ratio for Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation

Chapter 13: Fatty Acid Oxidation

13.1 Mobilization of Fats from Dietary Intake and Adipose Tissue

13.2 b-Oxidation of Fatty Acids

13.3 b-Oxidation of Odd-Carbon and Unsaturated Fatty Acids

13.4 Ketone Bodies

Chapter 14: Gluconeogenesis, Glycogen Metabolism, and the Pentose Phosphate Pathway

14.1 Gluconeogenesis and the Regulation of the process

14.2 Glycogen Metabolism and the Control of the process

14.3 The Pentose Phosphate Pathway

Chapter 15: Metabolic Integration and the Unidirectionality of Pathways

15.1 A Systems Analysis of Metabolism

15.2 Metabolic Stoichiometry and ATP Coupling

15.3 Unidirectionality

15.4 Metabolism in a Multicellular Organism

Chapter 16: The Reception and Transmission of Extracellular Information

16.1 Hormones and Signal Transduction Pathways

16.2 Signal-Transducing Receptors Transmit the Hormonal Message

16.3 Intracellular Second Messengers

16.4 GTP-Binding Proteins: The Hormonal Missing Link

16.5 The 7-TMS Receptors

16.6 Protein Kinase C Transduces the Signals of Two Second Messengers

16.7 Protein Modules in Signal Transduction

16.8 Steroid Hormones.

54. Medical Microbiology

  1. Course number: BIO3409

  1. Credit: 03

  1. Prerequisites: Microbiology, Immunology

  1. Teaching language: Vietnamese, English

  1. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

Dr. Bui Thi Viet Ha

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1. Knowleadge

  • Describe in details the morphology, the culture, spread, biochemical activities, antigenic characters, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention and control measures of each bacteria.

  • Define the organs commonly involved in the infection

  • Recall the relationship of this infection to symptoms, relapse and the accompanying pathology.

  • Explain the methods of microorganisms control, e.g. chemotherapy and vaccines.

  • Understand and interpret basic laboratory tests for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Analyze and solve case studies involving bacterial and fungal agents.

6.2. Skills

  • Exhibit proper work habits: read directions or listen to directions carefully, plan actions and carry out actions correctly according to standard procedure, work at a pace that enables him/her to complete all assignments in the allotted time.

  • Display cooperativeness in interpersonal relationships with other students, faculty, staff by being congenial, sensitive to the needs of others and receptive to suggestions and supervision.

  • Display a desire to learn and a desire to help others learn by asking relevant questions and contributing relevant information to class discussions and other learning experiences.

6.3. Attitude

  • The students will acquire fairly good knowledge about endemic bacterial and viral infectious diseases, its impact upon health in Vietnam and the universe.

  • The different modules enclosed below will contain the different bacteria, viruses and fungi causing different infections in different systems of the body.

  1. Assignment and testing

  • Midterm:

+ Exam schedule:

+ Exam form: written essay and/or oral presentation

+ Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

+ Exam schedule:

+ Exam form: written exam

+ Percentage of total grade: 50%

  • Regular test:

+ GPA of all unit exams (class sharing, attendance, seminar)

+ Percentage of total grade: 30%

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

  • Pham Van Ty, Virology, 2005. Education Publisher - Ha Noi

  • Lansing M. Prescott, John P. Harley, Donald A. Klein, Microbiology 7th, 2007. Mc Graw Hill Science/ Engineering/Math.

  • Geo. F. Brooks, Karen C. Caroll, Janet S. Butel, Stephen A. Morse, Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology, 24th, 2007. McGraw-Hill Medical.

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

  • Medical Microbiology is the foundation for clinical work in infectious and immunological diseases and also provides an understanding of human immunity to infection. This course presents basic information on microorganisms and the differential diagnosis and treatment of microbial and immune diseases. The epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of microbial and immune diseases will be emphasized.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)

Chapter 1. Pathogenicity of microorganisms

1.1. Host parasite relationships

1.2. Pathogenesis of viral diseases

1.2.1. The entry, exposure, replication in the early stage

1.2.2. The spread of viruses

1.2.3. Immune response of the host

1.2.4. The recovery from infection

1.2.5. The cell damage and clinical illness

1.2.6. Virus shedding

1.3. Pathogenesis of bacterial diseases

1.3.1. Transmission of pathogenic bacteria to host

1.3.2. Colonization and adhenrence of pathogens

1.3.3. Invasion of pathogenic bacteria

1.3.4. Growth and multiplication

1.3.5. Bacterial shedding

1.3.6. Control of pathogenic bacteria

1.3.7. Regulation of bacterial toxins

1.3.8. Pathogenicity islands

1.3.9. Pathogenic actions of bacteria (endotoxins, exotoxins, superantigens, )

1.4. Mechanisms for escaping host defenses

Chapter 2. Antibiotics and chemotherapy

2.1. History of chemotherapy.

2.2. General characteristics of antibiotics

2.3. Properies determination of antibiotics.

2.4. Classification, mechanisms of antibiotics and the factors affecting to the effectivenese of antibiotics.

2.5. Phenomenon and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance.

2.6. Antifungal drugs

2.7. antiviral drugs

Chapter 3. clinical microbiology

3.1. Collection and storage of samples.

3.2. Methods for detecting microorganisms in samples.

3.2.1. Microscope

3.2.2. Growth and biochemical reactions

3.2.3. Quick immunological methods

3.2.4. Determined by phage

3.2.5. Reaction of molecular biology and analysis of metabolic products

3.3. Determination of susceptibility of antibiotics

3.4. Computerized systems in clinical microbiology

Chapter 4. Imunology

4.1. Immunity and the immune response

4.2. Mechanisms of innate immunity

4.3. Mechanisms of specific host defense

4.4. Antigen recognition molecules

4.5. Antibodies

4.6. Cell surface receptors for antigen

4.7. Antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity

4.8. The complement system

4.9. Cell-mediated immunity

4.10. Inadequate immune responses to infectious agents

4.11. Immunologic diagnostic tests

Chapter 5. Viral diseases

5.1. Viral respiratory diseases

5.1.1. Chickenpox and shingles

5.1.2. Avian influenza

5.1.3. Measles

5.1.4. Mumps

5.1.5. Pneumonia and viral respiratory diseases.

5.1.6. Rubella

5.1.7. Smallpox (Variola).

5.2. Viral diseases transmitted by direct contact

5.2.1. Immunodeficiency AIDS/HIV.

5.2.2. Cytomegalovirus.

5.2.3. Herpes virus that causes venereal disease and others in human

5.2.4. Parvovirus.

5.2.5. Leukemia

5.2.6. Mononucleosis

5.2.7. Viral hepatitis.

5.3. Viral diseases transmitted by food and drinking water

5.3.1. Viral gastroenteritis.

5.3.2. Viral hepatitis type A

5.3.3. Viral hepatitis type E

Chapter 6. Bacterial diseases

6.1. Bacterial respiratory infections

6.1.1. Diptheria

6.1.2. Encephalitis

6.1.3. Mycobacterium pneumonia

6.1.4. Diseases caused by Streptococcus

6.1.5. Tuberculosis

6.2. Arthropod-borne bacterial diseases

6.2.1. Rickettsia fever

6.2.2. Plague

6.3. Bacterial infection transmitted by direct contact

6.3.1. Staphylococcus infection

6.3.2. Anthrax

6.3.3. Tetanus

6.3.4. Stomach ulcer

6.3.5. Mycoplasma and Chlamydial pneumonia

6.3.6. Leprosy

6.3.7. Sexually transmited diseases: Gonorhea, syphilis, bacterial vaginosis

6.4. Bacterial diseases transmitted through food and drinking water

6.4.1. Typhoid

6.4.2. Bacillary dysentery

6.4.3. Cholera

6.4.4. Diarrhea caused by E.coli

6.4.5. Staphylococcal food poisoning

6.4.6. Stomach intestines inflammation

Chapter 7: Fungal and parasite diseases

7.1. Fungal diseases

7.1.1. Superficial mycoses

7.1.2. Cutaneous mycoses

7.1.3. Subcutaneous mycoses

7.1.4. Opportunistic mycoses

7.2. Parasitic diseases

7.2.1. Malaria

7.2.2. Amoebic dysentery

7.2.3. Flagellate Trichomonias

55. Molecular Biotechnology

  1. Course number: BIO3410

  2. Credit: 03

  3. Prerequisites: Molecular Biology, Microbiology

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Phan Tuan Nghia,Dr. Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Dr. Pham Bao Yen, VNU University of Science…………………………….

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1. Knowledge

    • Understand concepts of biotechnology, modern biotechnology and molecular biotechnology.

    • Understand steps and tools for gene cloning as the key technology for molecular biotechnology.

    • Understand applications of molecular biotechnology in microbial, animal, plant systems and humans.

    • Able to explain the advantages of recombinant DNA technology applications for biological systems and their applications for modern biotechnology.

    • Able to analyse and evaluate potentials of molecular biotechnology in the future.

6.2. Working skills

    • Better understanding of biosafety regulations

    • Improved evaluation skills of modern biotechnology.

6.3 Social skills and attitude

    • Understand strategies of development of biotechnology for humans benefits.

    • Know how to take a better care for health and protect the environment.

6.4. Ability to application of knowledge

Able to propose some research directions in biotechnology for his/her working unit.

  1. Assignment and testing

Regular tests, discussions and involvement of students in the lectures, practical labs: 20% total score

Midterm exam (multiple choice question test): 20% total score

Final exam (written): 60% total score

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

8.1.Glick, B.R., Pasternak, J.J., Patten , C.L. (2010). Molecular Biotechnology: principles and applications of recombinant DNA. ASM Press.

82. Wink, M. (2006). Intrduction to Molecular Biotechnology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA. Weiheim.

8.3. Thieman, W. J. & Palladino, M.A. (2009). Introduction to Biotechnology. 2nd Edition. Perason Benjamin Cummings

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

The subject covers the principles of genetic engineering, including molecular tools for genetic manipulation, techniques of gene cloning, expression and modification of foreign genes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Especially, applications of molecular biotechnology or recombinant DNA technology in microbial, plant, animal systems and humans are introduced.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)

Chapter 1. An introduction to biotechnology

    1. Biotechnology

    2. Modern or molecular biotechnology

Chapter 2. Molecular Cloning

2.1. DNA as substrate for gene cloning

2.2 Gene maniputation.

2.3. Gene cloning in E. coli

Chapter 3. Expression of a foreign gene in prokaryotes

3.1. Selection of expression promoter systems

3.3. Selection of host organisms

3.4. Strategies for improvement of recombinant proteins

Chapter 4. Expression of a foreign gene in eukaryotes

4.1. Expression of a foreign gene in Saccharomyces

4.2. Expression of a foreign gene in cultured insect cells.

4.3. Expression of a foreign gene in mammalian cells

Chaperter 5: Applications of recombinat DNA technology in microbial systems

5.1. Synthesis of proteins, antibiotics, polymers and others

5.2. Diagnostics of diseases

5.3. Production of vaccines and other therapeutic products

5.4. Other applications

Chapter 6. Applications of recombinat DNA technology in plant systems

6.1. Generation of plants resistant to insects, inseticides, pathogenic agents

6.2. Generation of stress tolerant plants

6.3. Improvement of decorative plants

6.4.Other applications

Chapter 7: Applications of recombinat DNA technology in animal systems and humans

7.1. Production of recombinant proteins

7.2. Generation of transgenic animals

7.3. Gene therapy

Chapter 8. Safety and ethical aspects of molecular biotechnology applications

8.1. Regulations of application of recombinat DNA technology

    1. Managements of GMO and GMF

8.3. Regulations of gene therapy

57. Experiments in Genetics

  1. Subject code: BIO3412

  2. Credits: 03

  3. Prerequisite subjects

  • General Genetics

  1. Language teaching: English.

  2. Lecturers

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Dinh Doan Long, coordinator

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

Tel: 0912150799


Dr. Nguyen Thi Hong Van

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

Tel: 09126727679


  1. Course goals (knowledges, skill, attidude)

Acquaint the students with the mechanics of experimentation and the methods and techniques of experimental genetics

- Familiarize the students with the genetic principles in a first hand manner as they see these principles operate in a controlled experimental setting

- Introduce students to learn plant and animal chromosomes and their behavior in

somatic cells and in sex cells.

- Introduce students to classical genetics as they perform experiments with a virtual laboratory in genetics.

- Introduce students to basic molecular genetics laboratory skills like bacterial

transformation, restriction endonuclease digestion of DNA, gel electrophoresis and amplification of DNA by Polymerase Chain Reaction.

- Train the students to learn and perform experiments, collect data, analyze the

data learn to interpret the data and draw conclusion from it.

- Provide students with opportunities to develop science writing skills.

  1. Examination and assessment methods

Knowledge and skills of students are examined by two their experimental written reports relevant to two topics: 1) Mendelian genetics and/or population genetics, 2) Isolation and purification of DNA and restriction mapping.

- Required structure of report consists of following sections: 1) literature review, 2) materials and methods, 3) results and discussion, 4) conclusion, 5) reference.

- Assessment criteria:

  • Knowing, understanding and able to apply basic principles of genetics in designing experiments 2 points

  • Performance of lab techniques 3 points

  • Collection of and displaying experimental data 2 points

  • Interpretation and writing skills 2 points

  • Inventive ability 1 point

Total 10đ

  1. Textbooks

8.1. Required textbook

    • Đỗ Lê Thăng, Bộ môn Di truyền học. Thực tập Di truyền học (Tập 1 và 2). Dự án Hợp tác Việt Nam – Hà Lan, Trường Đại học Tổng hợp Hà Nội (cũ), 1993.

8.2. Reference

    • Allan Jones. Practical Skills in Biology (3rd Ed). Pearson Education Ltd., 2003.

  1. Cource objectives

Experimental investigations of inheritance require techniques of classical and molecular genetics. Experiments based on the principles of Mendelian inheritance, PCR-based marker, restriction mapping, population genetics are performed by students. Emphasis is put on experimental design, laboratory technique, data collection and analyses and report writing. One 3-hour laboratory session per week plus additional lab work for the report writing.

  1. Detailed content of cource (trình bày các chương, mục, tiểu mục…)

The following topics are presented in the course:

    • Sterile techniques

    • Mendelian genetics (Analysis of monohybrid & dihybrid crosses in Drosophila using Virtual Laboratory)

    • DNA isolation and purification

    • Restriction mapping

    • Population genetics

60. Experiments in Biochemistry

  1. Course number: BIO3415

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisites: Biochemistry

  4. Teaching language: Vietnamese

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

- Dr. Nguyen Quang Huy

Mobile: 0904263388


- Msc. Nguyen Thi Hong Loan

Mobile: 0988266362


- Msc. Ngo Thi Trang

Mobile: 0988903761


  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)


By carrying out chemical reactions, students have to do the experiments under the guidance, observation, explaination of the phenomenon thus reinforce the theoretical knowledge and apply it to new situations of biochemical research. Specifically:

Understand, demonstrate and explain some properties of protein

Determine the temperature, optimal pH, the effects of the stimulant and inhibitory on the activity of the enzyme amylase, then apply to other enzymes

  • Determine activity unit of enzyme

  • Demonstrate the presence and quantity of some amino acids, peptides, amylase, starch, neutral fats, vitamins,…


- Using initiatively the basic methods of Biochemistry in biological research

-As a basis to develop experimental design skills , solve specific problems in biochemical research

-Ability to read, understand and explain the relevant knowledge in research

-By doing experiments under the guidance and report writing, report the results obtained will help students initially have the skills to write a scientific report


- Training necessary virtues in scientific research: hard working, initiative, independence, teamwork, honest attitude, objectivity in evaluating the results.

  1. Assignment and testing

- Writing test (10-20 mins) at the beginning of each practice session: 60 %, including

80% related to old practice session

20% related to new practice session

- Evaluate experimental results of each group: 20%

- Assess the attitude of students in each practice session: 20% (level of hardworking, initiative, independence, seriously in the process of practice)

Note: For some exercises can replace 60% ​​of the short test time by writing to report test results to guide students initially know how to write research results

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

  • Nguyen Quang Ving, Bui Phuong Thuan, Phan Tuan Nghia, Biochemical Practice, Publisher of Vietnam national university, Hanoi, 2004.

  • Pham Thi Tran Chau, Tran Thi Ang, Biochemistry, The Vietnam Education Publishing, 2009.

  • Nelson DL and Cox MM, Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, Worth Publishers New York, 2000.

  1. Course overview

There are ten experimental lessons in this subject introducing about important compounds in cells and organism: protein, enzyme, saccharide, lipid, vitamin, secondary metabolism compounds....Each lesson includes two major parts are qualitative and quantitative analysis of thoses compounds. Illustrate and reinforce the theoretical knowledge students have learned. It is these exercise help students become familiar with some routine or method used in the Biochemistry Laboratory.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)

Lession 1: Protein

  1. Amphoteric properties of amino acids and proteins

Determinate isoelectric point of casein

  1. Gel properties of protein solution

    1. The reversible precipitated reaction of protein

Precipitate by using the neutral salt

Precipitates by using the organic solvents

    1. Protein denaturation

Effects of high temperature

Precipitate proteins by using inorganic solid acid

Precipitate proteins by using organic acids

Precipitate proteins by using heavy metal salts

Lession 2: Protein (continued)

  1. The color reaction of amino acids and proteins

3.1 The biure reaction

3.2. Reaction with Ninhidrin

3.3. Reaction with HNO2

3.4. Xantoprotein reaction of aromatic amino acids

3.5. Pauli reaction to detect histidine and tyrosine

3.6. Adamkievic reaction specific to tryptophan

Reaction to glioxilic acid

Reaction to oximethylfucfurol

Reaction to formandehyde

3.7. The reaction of sulfur-containing amino acids

Lession 3: Enzyme

  1. The quanlitative experiments of several enzymes

    1. Pepsin

    2. Salivary amylase

    3. Urease

  2. The properties of enzymes

    1. Effect of temperature on the activity of salivary amylase

    2. Effects of the stimulant and the inhibitor on enzyme

- Effect of NaCl and CuSO4 on the activity of amylase
Lesson 4. Enzyme (continued)

  1. The properties of enzymes

    1. Influence of pH environment on the activity of enzymes - determine the appropriate pH of salivary amylase
      2.4. The specificity of the enzyme
      - The specificity of the urease

- The specificity of α-amylase of saliva and of yeasts sacharase

3. Determining the activity of certain enzymes

3.1. Determination of α-amylase activity by the Wohlgemuth method
3.2. Determination of urease activity by the titration method

Lession 5: Saccharide

  1. The mono- and disaccharide reactions

    1. Tromer reaction

    2. Reaction to Fehling reagent

    3. Benedict reaction

    4. Reaction to copper acetate

    5. Silver coated mirror reaction

    6. Reduced reaction of methylene blue

    7. Reduced reaction of potassium ferricyanide

    8. Xelivanop reaction

    9. Reaction to urea

    10. Reaction of saccharose to coban salts

Lession 6: Saccharide (continued)

  1. Characteristic reaction with polysaccharide

    1. Color reaction of iodine to starch

    2. Evaluate reduction of starch solution

    3. The hydrolysis of starch

Lession 7: Lipids – Neutral fats

  1. Physical and chemical properties of fat
    1.1. Physical and chemical properties of fat
    1.2. The formation of emulsions

  2. Reactions to distinguish the composition of fat

    1. Acrolein-formation reaction

    2. Saponification reaction

    3. The creation of free fatty acids

  3. Identify index of fat

    1. Determine acid index

    2. Determine saponification index

    3. Determine iodine index

Lession 8. Vitamin

  1. Characterization of vitamin

    1. Fat-soluble vitamins

  • Vitamin A

+ Reaction to Ferous sulfate

+ Reaction to H2SO4

  • Vitamin D

+ Reaction to aniline

  • Vitamin E

+ Reaction to HNO3

+ Reaction to FeCl3

  • Vitamin K

+ Reaction to aniline

Lession 9. Vitamin (continued)

    1. Water-soluble vitamins

  • Vitamin B1

+ Reaction to diazo reagent

  • Vitamin B2

+ Reduced reaction

  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

+ Reaction to K3Fe(CN)6

+ Reaction to iodine

+ Reaction to methylene blue

  1. Quantification of vitamin

    1. Quantification of vitamin C by titration method

    2. Quantification of vitamin A (read more)

Lession 10. Secondary plant compounds and nucleic acid

  1. Secondary plant compounds

    1. Identify acbutin by color reaction

1.2 Hydrolysis acbutin by acbutase

2. Nucleic acid

Quantification of DNA by measuring light absorption at a wavelength of 260 nm

64. Plant Development

  1. Course number: BIO3419

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisites:Plant Physiology

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

1) Name: Le Quynh Mai

  • Title: Doctor

  • Office: P238-T1, 334 Nguyen Trai, Ha Noi

  • Depart. Of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi University of Sciences

  • Tel: 04-8582796 E-mail:

2) Name: Pham Thi Luong Hang

  • Title: Doctor

  • Office: P238-T1, 334 Nguyen Trai, Ha Noi

  • Depart. Of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi University of Sciences

  • Tel: 04-8582796 E-mail:

3) Name: Tran Thi Du Chi

  • Title: Doctor

  • Office: P238-T1, 334 Nguyen Trai, Ha Noi

  • Depart. Of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi University of Sciences

  • Tel: 04-8582796 E-mail:

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1. Knowledge:

  1. Assignment and testing: Multichoice questions, mini-quiz, discussion

  2. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

  1. Taiz L. & Zeiger E., 2010. Plant physiology 5th Edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc., publishers, Massachusetts, America.

  2. William G. Hopskin, 2001. Introduction to Plant Physiology. Wiley

  3. Ottoline Leyser and Stephen Day, 2003. Mechanisms in Plant Development. Blackwell Publishing

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

Plant development influenced by many kinds of plant regulators such as auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, acid abscisic..., basics, transduction mechanisms and physiological effections of these hormones; the development of each organ like shoot, root; the main stages of development in plant cycle: germination, growth, flowering, fruit development and ripening are being contents of this course. During development, plants are affected by many of environment condition around them including alot of abiotic and biotic factors. Plants have to improve their defence and response mechanisms against them. This course also studies on those mechanisms to help students analying the development of plants in the real life.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, topics, subtopics… )

Chapter 1. Stages of Plant Development

    1. Plant cell development

      1. Cell division

      2. Cell enlargement

      3. Cell differentiation

    2. Vergetative development

      1. Start with Germination

      2. Continuous Growth

    3. Reproductive development

      1. Flowering

      2. Pollination

      3. Fruit development

    4. Embryogenesis

Chapter 2. The regulators in plant development

    1. Auxins

      1. The firstly discoveried phytohormone

      2. Biosynthesis and transportation

      3. Bioactivities

      4. Transduction pathway

    2. Gibberellins

      1. Biosynthesis and transportation

      2. Bioactivities

      3. Transduction pathway

    3. Cytokinins

      1. Biosynthesis and transportation

      2. Bioactivities

      3. Transduction pathway

    4. Brassinosteroids

      1. Biosynthesis and transportation

      2. Bioactivities

      3. Transduction pathway

    5. Ethylene

      1. Biosynthesis and transportation

      2. Bioactivities

      3. Transduction pathway

    6. Acid abscicis

      1. Biosynthesis and transportation

      2. Bioactivities

      3. Transduction pathway

    7. The interaction between phytohormones

Chapter 3. Responses of plant with External factors

    1. Phathogens

      1. Some plant diseases

      2. Response mechanisms

    2. Herbivores

      1. Yield loss by insects

      2. Defence against herbivores

    3. Environment factors

      1. Abiotic stresses

      2. Adaptation

      3. Acclimation

65. Endocrinology

  1. Module Code: BIO3420

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisite: Biochemistry, Molecular biology

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Lecturer/instructor: To Thanh Thuy, Ph.D., Dept. of Anthropology and Physiology, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi University of Science.

  6. Goal

To learn the basic concepts in endocrinology: endocrinology, endocrine, hormone, receptor. To know that endocrine system is the chemical intercellular communication system important for control and integration of multicellular organism. To know how this system works and dysfunctions.

  1. Grading policy: seminar presentation on some given topics will be graded. Final written exam.

  2. Textbooks
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