TrưỜng đẠi học khoa học tự nhiên chưƠng trình đÀo tạo trình đỘ ĐẠi học ngàNH: sinh họC ĐẠt chuẩn quốc tế Mà SỐ: 52420101 Hà Nội, 2012


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1.1. Conservation’s interdisciplinary approach

1.2. Concept of Conservation Biology

1.3. Description of Conservation Biology

1.4. Biodiversity

1.5. Biodiversity Distribution

1.6. Extinction and Economics

1.7. Direct Economic values

1.8. Indirect Economic values

1.9. Ecological economics and natural conservation

1.10. Ethics issues

Chapter 2. Threats to Biological diversity

2.1. Rates of Extinction

2.2. Causes of Extinction

2.3. Habitat destruction

2.4. Boundary Effects

2.5. Habitat degradation and pollution

2.6. Overexploitation

2.7. Invasive species

2.8. Diseases

2.9. Vulnerability to Extinction


3.1. Problems of small populations

3.2. Individual variation in population

3.3. Environmental variation and catastrophes

3.4. Monitoring methods for populations

3.5. Analysis for existance of populations

3.6. Long-term monitoring for species and ecosystems

3.7. Establishment of new populations

3.8. Establishing new plant populations

3.9. Reestablishing programs for Populations and laws

3.10. Ex Situ Conservation Strategies

3.11. Conservation categories of species

3.12. Conservation of Gene sources

3.13. Legal Protection of species

Chapter 4. Conserving biological communities

4.1. Protected areas

4.2. Designing of protected areas

4.3. Managing protected areas

4.4. Outside protected areas

4.5. Restoration Ecology

4.6. Restoration of endangered populations and deteriorated ecosystems


5.1. Sustainable development

5.2. Government Action

5.3. Traditional Societies and Biodiversity

5.4. International approaches to Conservation and Sustainable Development


6.1. Biodiversity status

6.2. Biodiversity conservation in Vietnam

43. Marine Biology

  1. Course number: BIO2415

  2. Credits: 3

  3. Prerequisites: BIO3406

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

Nguyen Xuan Huan, Assoc. Dr., Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

Nguyen Thanh Nam, MSc., Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1. Knowledge

+ Understanding fundamental concepts about the Sea and the World Ocean as well as physical and chemical characteristics of sea water; understanding the water characteristics wich advantage for the begining and development of the living orgamisms.

+ Obtain informations about the origin and evolution of marine organisms, the types of living things and the diversity as well as the relationship of the world marine life.

+ Obtain knowledges about biological and ecological characteristics of major fish taxa as well as characteristics of some specific marine ecosystems to analyze, evaluate and apply in practical situations.

+ Have abilities in analyzing relationships between human and the sea, in giving solutions for exploitation and resource protection wich can apply in practice.

6.2. Skills, personal and professional attitudes

+ Develop a positive attitude in working, collaboration skills, team work through the group homeworks assigned on the class.

+ Pratise skills to plan, organize, manage, control, verify activities, and skills in teamwork, goal setting, result analysing.

+ Develop creative thinking skills, discovery skills as well as work independently to access and obtain knowledges of the subject.

+ Improve and develop capacity for analysis and self-assessment.

+ Practise commentation and presentation skills.

+ Practise perseverance in working.

6.3. Skills and social attitudes

+ Through activities of lectures, discussions, individual exercises, group exercises, presentations, and from skills, personal and professional attitudes, students are encouraged and required in development skills and social attitudes: ability in group working, communication (strategy and communication structures; communication skills in writing, by e-mail and media; presentation skills).

+ Acknowledging the importance of knowledges in marine biology course, especially the knowledges and analysis of the role and relationship between human and the sea for the coastal country as Vietnam.

6.4. Ability applying knowledges to practice

+ Have ability in applying knowledges which are learned as well as improve knowledges to apply in conservation, in protection of biological resources and marine ecosystems in particular as well as of biodiversity and environment in general; using knowledges obtained to be able to develop marine economy.

  1. Assignment and testing:

+ Midterm examination:

Time: after 7th week

Form: objective test or essay or combination.

Proportion: 20%

+ Final examination:

Time: after 14th week

Form: objective test or essay or oral or combination.

Proportion: 20%

+ Regular examinations:

Average marks of homeworks, mini tests, dicussions, seminars on class.

Proportion: 20%

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication):

+ Peter Catro and Michael E. Huber. Marine Biology, 7th edition. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA. 2008.

+ Vũ Trung Tạng. Sinh học và Sinh thái học biển. NXB. ĐHQGHN. 2005.

+ Jeffrey S. Levinton. Marine Biology, 3rd edition. Oxford Uiversity Press. 2009.

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words):

"Marine Biology" course provides students knowledges about chemical and physical features of seawater and the world ocean; The course is a complete introduction to the biology of marine organisms: who they are, how they work, where they live, and how they interact with each other and with their environment.

This course also discuss about the relationship between human and the sea: resources from the sea, the impact of the humans on marine environment, the oceans and human affairs. From these knowledges, the course help students having some typical solutions for protecting marine environment, natural resources, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics):

Part One

Principles of Marine Science

1. The Science of Marine Biology

The Science of Marine Biology

The Scientific Method

2. The Sea Floor

The Water Planet

The Origin and Structure of the Ocean Basins

The Geological Provinces of the Ocean

3. Chemical and Physical Features of Seawater ans the World Ocean

The Water of the Ocean

Ocean Circulation

Waves and Tides

4. Fundamentals of Biology

The Ingredients of Life

Living Machinery

Challenges of Life in the Sea

Perpetuating Life

The Diversity of Life in the Sea

Part Two

The Organisms of the Sea

5. The Microbial World



Unicellular Algae

Protozoans: The Animal-like Protists


6. Multicellular Primary Producers: Seaweeds and Plants

Multicellular Algae: The Seaweeds

Flowering Plants

7. Marine Animals Without a Backbone


Cnidarians: Radial Symmetry

Comb Jellies: Radial Symmetry Revisited

Bilaterally Symmetrical Worms

Molluscs: The Sucessful Soft Body

Arthropods: The Armored Achievers


Arrow Worms

Echinoderms: Five-Way Symmetry

Hemichordates: A “Missing Link”?

Chordates Without a Backbone

8. Marine Fishes

Vertebrates: An Introduction

Types of Fishes

Biology os Fishes

9. Marine Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals

Marine Reptiles


Marine Mammals

Part Three

Structure and Functions of Marine Ecosystems

10. An Introduction to Marine Ecology

The Organization of Communities

Major Marine Lifestypes and Environments

11. Between the Tides

Rocky Shore Internal Communities

Soft-Bottom Intertidal Communities

12. Estuaries: Where Rivers Meet the Sea

Origins and Types of Estuaries

Human Impact on Estuarine Communities

13. Life on the Continental Shelf

Physical Characteristics of the Subtidal Environment

Continental Shelf Bottom Communities

14. Coral Reefs

The Organisms that Build Reefs

Kinds of Coral Reefs

The Ecology of Coral Reefs

15. Life Near the Surface

The Organisms of the Epipelagic

Living in the Epipelagic

Epipelagic Food Weds

16. The Ocean Depths

The Twilight World

The World of Perpetual Darkness

The Deep-Ocean Floor

Hot Springs, Cold Seepd, and Dead Bodies

Part Four

Humans and the Sea

17. Resources from the Sea

The Living Resources of the Sea

Non-living Resources from the Sea Floor

Non-living Resources from Seawater

18. The Impact of Humans on the Marine Environment

Modification and Destruction of Habitats


Threatened and Endangered Species

Conserving and Enhancing the Environment

19. The Oceans and Human Affairs

Oceans as Barriers and Avenues

Oceans ans Cultures

Oceans and Recreation

Prospects for the Future

44. Introduction to Environmental Ecology

  1. Course number: BIO2416

  2. Credits: 03

  3. Prerequisites: Basic Ecology

  4. Teaching language: English

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties):

Dr. Le Thu Ha, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

Dr. Doan Huong Mai, Faculty of Biology, VNU University of Science

  1. Course objectives: (referring to outputs of knowledge, skills, attitude):

6.1. Knowledge

+ To grasp concepts, types of pollution, and causes to degrade environment and biodiversity that puts negative impacts on sustainable development.

+ To understand knowledge of ecological negative impacts caused by pollution of water, atmosphere, and toxic solid wastes that degrades natural resources and biodiversity. Accordingly, students are able to synthesize, analyze and evaluate particular cases.

+ To grasp principles of pollution treatments and how to prevent pollution from expansion. Based on those knowledge, students are able to establish experiments and researches to resolve specific pollution issues of environment.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ To grasps principles of methods on assessment of environmental pollution.

+ To establish protocol of monitoring and assessment of different types of environmental pollution.

6.3 Social skills and attitudes

+ Based on knowledge of the course, students are able to work on fields of environmental protection at localities.

6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ Applying knowledge learnt from the course and real data, students are able to propose effective measures to protect environment, natural resources, and biodiversity.

  1. Assignment and testing:

  • Midterm exam:

    1. Time: after week 9

    2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test.

    3. Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

  1. Time: after week 15

  2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or assigned essays

  3. Proportion of total grade: 60%

  • In-class performance grade:

  1. Average of in class grade

    • Proportion of total grade: 20%

  1. Textbooks (author, book title, publishers, years):

Obligatory references

  • Bill Freedman, 1999. Environmental Ecology. Academic Press. London.

  • Edward.A.Laws, 2000. Aquatic pollution. Wiley Publishers.

  • Tăng Văn Đoàn, Trần Đức Hạ, 2004. Kĩ thuật môi trường. NXB Giáo dục


  • Phan Nguyên Hồng và nnk, 2004. Hỏi đáp về môi trường và sinh thái. NXB Giáo dục Hà Nội.

  • Lê Văn Khoa và nnk, 2001. Khoa học môi trường. NXB Giáo dục Hà Nội.

  • Phạm Bình Quyền (chủ biên), 2002. Đa dạng sinh học. NXB Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội.

  • Trịnh Thị Thanh, Nguyễn Khắc Kinh, 2005. Quản lý chất thải nguy hại. NXB Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội.

  • Trương Mạnh Tiến, 2005. Quan trắc môi trường. NXB Đại học Quốc gia HN.

  • Mai Đình Yên và nnk, 1997. Con người và Môi trường. NXB Giáo dục HN.

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words:

"Environmental Ecology" course is to provide knowledge of the major forms of pollution, including air pollution, water pollution, solid waste pollution and hazardous waste. It also provides students with the knowledge of natural resources, biodiversity, sustainable development. This course also includes the ecological effects of pollution on the ecosystem and the health of animals and humans.

This course provides students with the techniques of air sampling, water samples; the analytical methods and data processing to assess pollution based on the transformation of ecosystems.

In addition, this course also gives students knowledge of protection the environment, natural resources, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics):

Chapter 1. Introduction

    1. The principal function of the environment

    2. Concepts of pollution, degrade environment, biodiversity, and ecological balance

    3. Environmental Ecology challenges of Vietnam and Global


2.1. The air pollution sources

2.2. The types of air pollution

2.3. The ecological effects of air pollution

2.4. The restrictive measures and air pollution treatment

2.5. The methods of assessment of air pollution


3.1. The water pollution sources

3.2. The types of water pollution

3.3. The ecological effects of water pollution

3.4. The restrictive measures and water pollution treatment

3.5. The methods of assessment of water pollution

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