TrưỜng đẠi học khoa học tự nhiên chưƠng trình đÀo tạo trình đỘ ĐẠi học ngàNH: sinh họC ĐẠt chuẩn quốc tế Mà SỐ: 52420101 Hà Nội, 2012


Chapter 2: Amino acids, peptides and proteins



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Chapter 2: Amino acids, peptides and proteins


2.1. Amino acids

2.2.Peptides and proteins

2.3. Structures of proteins

2.4. Protein denaturation and folding

2.5. Protein functions

Chapter 3: Enzymes

3.1. An introduction to enzymes

3.2. How enzymes work

3.3. Enzyme kinetics

3.4. Regulatory enzymes

3.5. Classification of enzymes



Chapter 4 : Carbohydrates and glycobiology

4.1. Monosaccharides and disaccharides

4.2. Polysaccharides

4.3. Glycoconjugates

4.4. Carbohydrates as informational molecules

Chapter 5: Lipids

5.1. Storage lipids

5.2. Structural lipids in membranes

5.3. Lipids as signals, cofactors, and pigments



Chapter 6: Nucleic Acids

4.1. Some basics: bases, nucleosides and nucleotides

4.2. Structures of nucleic acids

4.3. Properties, biological roles of nucleic acids and applications



Chapter 7: Vitamins

7.1. An introduction to vitamins

7.2. Hydrophilic vitamins

7.3. Lipophilic vitamins


Chaper 8: Hormones


8.1. An introduction to hormones

8.2. Animal hormones

8.3. Plant hormones

Chapter 9: Bioenergetics and metabolism

9.1. Bioenergetics and thermodinamics

9.2.Standard free energy change

9.3. Phosphoryl group transfer and ATP

9.4. Biological oxidation-reduction reactions

Chapter 10: Metabolism of carbohydrates

10.1. Degradation of carbohydrates

10.1.1.Hydrolysis of polysaccharides into monosaccharides

10.1.2.Glycolysis and fates of pyruvate under anaerobic and aerobic conditions

10.1.3 Pentosephosphate pathway

10.1.4.Degradation of some other mono- và disaccharides

10.2. Biosynthesis of carbohydrates

10.2.1. Gluconeogenesis

10.2.2. Formation of monosaccharide from CO2 and H2O via photosynthesis

10.2.3. Biosynthesis of di-, oligo- and polysaccharides



Chapter 11: Fatty acid metabolism

11.1. Degradation of lipids

11.1.1. Degradation of triacylglycerol

11.1.2. Degradation of other lipids

11.1.3. beta oxidation of fatty acids (even, odd number of carbon atoms, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids)

11.1.4. Alpha and omega-oxidation of fatty acids

11.2. Biosynthesis of lipids

11.2.1. Biosynthesis of fatty acids

11.2.2. Biosynthesis of triacylglycerols

11.2.3. Biosynthesis of other lipids



Chapter 12: Nucleic acid metabolism

12.1. Degradation of nucleic acids

12.1.1. Hydrolysis of nucleic acids by nucleases and nucleotidases

12.1.2. Degradation of purines

12.1.3. Degradation of pyrimidines

12.2. Biosynthesis of nucleic acids

12.2.1. Biosynthesis of nucleotides (salvage and de novo pathways)

12.2.2. Biosynthesis of polydeoxyribonucleotides (DNA replication) and DNA repair

12.2.3. Biosynthesis of polyribonucleotides (transcription)

Chapter 13: Protein metabolism

13.1. Degradation of proteins

13.1.1. Hydrolysis of proteins and proteolytic enzymes

13.1.2. Degradation of amino acids

13.2. Biosyntheis of amino acids and protein

13.2.1. Biosyntheis of amino acids

13.2.2. Biosyntheis of proteins or translation

13.2.3. Regulation of protein synthesis or gene expression



Chapter 14: Brief introduction to recombinant DNA technology

14.1. Main steps of gene cloning

14.2. Transfer of a foreign gene into the host and its expression

14.3. Applications of recombinant DNA technology



31. Microbiology

  1. Course number: BIO2493

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisites:

Biochemical (BIO2400).

Genetic (BIO3420)



  1. Teaching language: English

  2. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

  • PhD Bui Thi Viet Ha

  • PhD Pham The Hai

  • Ms Mai Thi Dam Linh

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

  • Provide for student: the basic principles of Microbiology

  • It helps students understand the theory, concept: the function depends on the structure.

  • Also, the course is an essential part require for student working in laboratory. After the course, students will be confident when working in the microbiological laboratories, teaching in Microbiology.

  1. Assignment and testing

Test 1. After finishing chapter 5

Test 2. After finishing chapter 9



Test 3. Final test

  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

  • Thomas D. Brock, Michael T. Madigan, John M.Martinko, Jack Parker, (2011), Biology of Microbiology, 12th edition, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliff, New Jersey.

  • Prescott Lansing M, Harley, John P, Klein, Donald A, (2011), Microbiology, tenth edition, Mc Graw-Hill.

  • Bauman Robert W, 2004, Microbiology, Pearson Benjamin Cummings

  • Tortora, Funke, Case (2010) Microbiology – An Introduction Benjamin Cummings

  1. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

Subject in Microbiology balances the most current coverage with the major classical and contemporary concepts essential for understanding microbiology. Microorganisms and Microbiology, A Brief Journey to the Microbial World, Chemistry of Cellular Components, Structure/Function in Bacteria and Archaea, Nutrition, Culture and Metabolism of Microorganisms, Microbial Growth, Essentials of Molecular Biology, Archael and Eukaryotic Molecular Biology, Regulation of Gene Expression, Overview of Viruses and Virology, Principles of Bacterial Genetics, Genetic Engineering, Microbial Genomics, Microbial Evolution and Systematics, Bacteria: The Proteobacteria, Bacteria: Gram-Positive and Other Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryotic Microorganisms, Viral Diversity, Metabolic Diversity: Photography, Autotrophy, Chemlithotrophy, and Nitrogen Fixation, Metabolic Diversity: Catabolism of Organic Compounds, Methods in Microbial Ecology, Microbial Ecosystems, Nutrient Cycles, Bioremediation, and Symbioses, Industrial Microbiology, Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents and Pathogenicity, Microbial Interactions with Humans, Essentials of Immunology, Immunology in Host Defense and Disease, Molecular Immunology, Diagnostic and Microbiology and Immunology, Epidemiology, Person-to-Person Microbial Diseases, Vectorborne and Soilborne Diseases, Wastewater Treatment, Water Purification, and Waterborne Micriobial Diseases, Food Preservation and Foodborne Microbial Diseases. Intended for those interested in learning the basics of microbiology

  1. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)

Chapter 1. Introduction

    1. Elements of cell and viral structure

    2. The evolution tree of life

    3. Physiologycal diversity of microorganism

Chapter 2. Basic techniques

    1. Some principles of life microscopy

    2. Electron microscopy

    3. Microbial nutrition

    4. Culture media

    5. Laboratory culture of microorganism

    6. Sterization

Chapter 3.Cell structure

    1. Lipid

    2. Cell shape and size

    3. The cytoplasmic membrane and transport

    4. Cell wall of prokariotes

    5. Other cell surface structures and inclusions

    6. Microbial locomotion

Chapter 4. Metabolism

    1. Energetics and enzyme

    2. Oxidation – reduction and energy rich compounds

    3. Essentials of catabolism

    4. Metabolic diversity

Chapter 5. Growth

5.1 Bacterial cell division

5.2 Growth of bacterial populations

5.3 Measuring microbial growth



    1. Enviromental factors affecting growth

Chapter 6.Viruses, viroids, prions

    1. Virus tructure and growth

    2. Viral replication

    3. Viral diversity

    4. Subviral entities

Chapter 7. Evolution and systematics

    1. Microbial Evolution and systematics

    2. Microbial Evolution

    3. Microbial systematics

Chapter 8 Bacterial genomes

8.1 Prokaryotic genomes: Sizes and ORF contends

8.2 Prokaryotic genomes : Bioinformatic ananlyses and gene distributions


    1. Selected bacterial groups

Chapter 9.Archaea

9.1 Phylogenetic overview of Archaea



    1. Energy conservation and Autotrophy

Chapter 10. Microbial Ecology

    1. Culture – dependent analyses of microbial communities

    2. Culture – independent analyses of microbial communities

    3. Measuring microbial activities in nature

Chapter 11. Immunology

11.1 Overview of immunology

11.2 Antigens and antigen presentation

11.3 Antibodies

11.4 Microbial interactions with humans


    1. Immunology in host defense and disease

Chapter 12. Industrial Microbiology

12.1 Industrial microbial microoganisms and product formation

12.2 Products for the health industry

12.3 Products for the food industry



33. Human and Animal Physiology

  1. Course number: BIO2405

  2. Credits: 3

  3. Prerequisites:

- Cell Biology (BIO2401)

- Organisms and Population (BIO3401)



  1. Teaching language: English

  2. Instructors:

- MSc. Pham Trong Kha, Department of Anthropology - Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS

- MSc. Luu Thi Thu Phuong, Department of Anthropology - Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS

- Dr. To Thanh Thuy, Department of Anthropology - Physiology, Faculty of Biology, HUS


  1. Course objectives:

    1. Knowledge:

  • Understandthe concept andthebasic principlesin physiology

  • Students canmaster theknowledges oflife processesoccuringin humansand animals fromin their evolution. The life processes suchasthe circulatory, respiratory, digestive, nervous, endocrine, reproductive, etc. Significationanddevelopment processas well asthe mechanisms of actionofthese systems.Students canclarifymanyphysiologicalphenomenaoccurringin living systems, and they can carry outexperiments, solve issuesrelated tohuman and animalphysiology.

    1. Skills – attitude:

- Having organizational skills to arrange work
- Able to analyze problems
- Able to gather materials and synthesize information

- Good presentation Skills


- Communicating well in English
- Confident, active and flexible

  1. Assignment and testing

    Performance

    Proportion (%)

    Exercises and seminars/week or month

    20

    Middle examination

    20

    Final examination

    60

  2. Required textbooks

  • Cindy L. Stanfrield. Principles of Human Physiology, 4th edition, Benjamin Cummings, USA, 2011.

  • Hill, Wyse, Anderson. Animal Physiology, 2nd edition, Sinauer Associatees, Inc. USA, 2008.

  • Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 12th edition, Sinauer Associatees, Inc. USA, 2010.

  1. Course overview

The courseconsists ofsixparts: (1)What isphysiology?, (2) Integrating systems, control of the body (nervous system, endocrine system, sensory), (3) Digestion, absorption and energy metabolism, (4) Movement and muscle, 5)Oxygen, carbondioxide, internal transport (circulation and respiration) and 6)Water,saltexcretion, homeostasis. This courseprovidesstudents withbasic knowledgeonthe human and animalphysiology. The basicphysiological processis presented inthelevels from molecules to the body together with somespecific applications.

10. Detailed course description

Chapter 1. Introduction to physiology

  • What is physiology?

  • Organization of the body

  • Research methods

  • Homeostasis: A central organizing principle of physiology

Chapter 2. Nervous Physiology

2.1. Development and evolution of the nervous system

2.2. Overview of the nervous system

2.3. Nervous cells and electrical signal

2.3.1. Neuron and Neuroglia

2.3.2. Establishment of the resting membrane potential and action potential

2.4. Synap

2.4.1. Electrical synap

2.4.2. Chemical synap

2.4.3. Mechanism of nerve impulse transmission through synap

2.5. Nerve centers and their characteristics

2.6. Integrated CNS function: reflexes

2.6.1. What is reflex?

2.6.2. The reflex arc

2.6.3. Formation of conditioned reflex

2.7. The central nervous system

2.7.1. Spinal cord: Spinal cord gray and white matter

2.7.2. Brain: cerebral cortex, subcortical structures

2.8. Some basic characteristics of higher mental Functions

2.9. Autonomic and Motor Systems



Chapter 3. Blood Physiology

3.1. Functions of blood

3.2. Overview of the composition of blood, the basic concepts

3.3. Position of hematopoiesis

3.4. Plasma

3.5. Erythrocyte

3.5.1. Hemoglobin and Oxygen and Carbon dioxide Transport

3.5.2. Life cycle of erythrocytes

3.5.3. Blood group

3.6. Leukocyte: Classification and their functions

3.7. Platelet and Hemostasis

Chapter 4. The cardiovascular system

4.1. An overview of the cardiovascular system

4.2. Anatomy of heart and vasculature

4.2.1. The heart as a pump

- Excitation of the heart muscle

- The heart cycle

- Cardiac output and its control

- Electrical activity of the heart, ECG

4.2.2. Blood Pressure

4.3. Regulation of heart and vessle action

4.4. Circulation in fish

Chapter 5. Respiratory Physiology

5.1. Anatomy of the respiratory system

5.2. Gas exchange

5.2.1. Pulmonary circulation

5.2.2. Diffusion of gases

5.2.3. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide

5.3. Transport of gases in the blood

5.4. Respiratory regulation



Chapter 6. Gastrointestinal system

6.1. Nutrition

6.1.1. Protein

6.1.2. Lipid

6.1.3. Carbohydrates

6.1.4. Vitamins and minerals

6.2. Gastrointestinal secretions

6.2.1. Secretion of Saliva

6.2.2. Gastric Secretion

6.2.3. Pancreatic Secretion

6.2.4.Bile Secretion

6.2.5.Intestinal Secretion

6.3. Digestion and absorption

6.3.1. Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates

6.3.2. Digestion and absorption of lipid

6.3.3. Digestion and absorption of protein

6.3.4. Absorption of salts and water

Chapter 7. The Urinary system: renal physiology

7.1. Functions of the urinary system

7.2. Metabolic wastes

7.3. Anatomy of the urinary system

7.3.1. Macroscopic anatomy of the kidney

7.3.2. Microscopic anatomy of the kidney

7.4. Formation and Excretion

7.4.1. Glomerular Filtration

7.4.2. Reabsorption and Secretion of the renal tubules

7.4.3. Regulation of glomerular filtration rate

7.5. The urinary system: water, salt and acid – base balance

Chapter 8. Endocrine physiology

8.1. Overveiw of the signals in the living organism

8.2. Classification of signals: electrical messengers and chemical messengers

8.3. Exocrine and endocrine

8.4. The chemical nature of hormones

8.5. The common characteristics of hormones

8.6. Mechanisms of action of hormones

8.7. The physiological effects of hormones

8.8. Synthesis, storage, and release of hormones

8.9. Regulation of hormone secretion

8.10. Types of endocrine glands and hormone actions

Chapter 9. Muscle Physiology

9.1. Skeletal muscle structure

9.2. Molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle contraction

9.3. Contral of skeletal muscle activity

9.4. Smooth and Cardiac Muscle

9.5. Exercises



35. Scientific research I

  1. Course number: BIO2407

  2. Credit: 02

  3. Prerequisites: Essential courses of biological sciences

  4. Teaching language: English and Vietnamese

  5. Instructors: (Full name, academic title and degree, academic units and faculties)

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Phan Tuan Nghia and other lecturers who are involved in training of the advanced program at VNU University of Science

  1. Course objectives: (knowledge, skills, attitude)

6.1. Knowledge

    • Understand and know how write a review on a scienctific topic.

    • Know how to collect and analyse scientific information to work out the objectives, contents, for a research project.

    • Able to apply basic knowledge and skills to conduct a research project.

    • Able to analyse, synthesize, explain scientific data.

    • Able to motivate oneself in scientific research.

6.2. Working skills

  • Able to analyse, synthesyze, evaluate scientific issues

  • Able to write and present a scientific report.

  • Improved activeness, curiority and love for exploration in scientific work

    1. Social skills and attitude

  • Able to propose, implement, evaluate a scientific issue.

  • Improved carefulness, accuracy, objectiveness in analysis, evaluation for scientific issues.

6.4. Ability to application of knowledge

  • Able to explain some living phenomena and apply gained knowledge for taking a better care of health and environment protection.

  • Able to actively apply gained expertise in work fields.



  1. Assignment and testing

Regular tests, discussions and involvement of students in the lectures, practical labs: 20% total score

Midterm exam (multiple choice question test): 20% total score

Final exam (written): 60% total score via presenting a scientific report.


  1. Required textbooks (authors, textbook name, publisher, year of publication)

8.1. Campbell N.A., Reece J.B., Urry L.A., Cain M.L., Wasserman S.A., Minorsky P.V., Jackson R.B. (2008) Biology. 8th Edition, Pearsson Benjamin Cummings

8.2. Phan Tuan Nghia (2012) Experimental Biochemistry, Education Publishing House.

8.3 Reed R., Holmes D., Weyers J., Jones A. (2007) Practical Skills in biomolecular Sciences. Benjamin Cummings.

8.4. Sambrook J. & Russel D.W. (2001). Molecular cloning protocols: a laboratory manual. Cold Harbor Spring Laboratory Press.

9. Course overview (approximately 120 words)

Students are involved in scientific research by carrying out a small research project in the laboratory or in the field or both under the supervision of a scientist.

In order to do a research, students should know how to apply knowledge and skills which they have gained during their training program to develop new skills including application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation, planning, creativity to finish the project. At the end of the research project implementation, students are supposed to write a report and present it report to their supervisor/ a group of experts.

10. Detailed course description (discribed in chapters, main topics, subtopics, topics)



Chapter 1: An introduction to scientific research

    1. The importance of research in training program

    2. Working in the labs and fields

Chapter 2: How to do a research


2.1. How to select a scientific issue for research

2.2. Objectives and expected outcomes

2.3. Contents

2.4. Approaches and Methods

2.5. Working group and plan

2.6. Examination and evaluation of data.



Chapter 3: How to write and present a scientific report

3.1. Writing a report

3.2. Presenting a report.

3.3. Writing a scientific paper



40. Human Biology

  1. Course number: BIO2412

  2. Credit: 3

  3. Prerequisites: Human physiology and Molecular Biology

  4. Teaching language: Vietnamese, English

  5. Instructors: Trinh Hong Thai, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Biology, College of Science, Vietnam National University.

  6. Course objectives:

  • Knowledge: To understand the main concepts of Human Biology. To understand and analyse the informations of human evolution, human genome, human biological variations, infectious diseases and cancer.

  • Skills: Practical doing in analysis of human biological variations.

  • Attitude: To work in group, confidence, activity and flexibility .

  1. Assignment and testing:

Grading on the basis of student performance in projects/presentations, class participation and written examination.

  1. Required textbooks:

  • Matter F., 2001. Human Biology. The McGraw- Hill Companies.

  • Nguyễn Văn Yên, 2000. Sinh học người. NXB ĐHQGHN, Hà Nội.

  • Primrose S.B., Twyman R.M., 2004. Genomics: Applications in Human Biology. Blackwell Publishers.

  • Strachan T. and Read A., 2011. Human molecular genetics. 4th ed. Garland Science, Taylor &Francis Group, LLC.



  1. Course overview:

Introduction to human biology. Human origins and evolution. Human chromosome structure and function, human chromosome abnormalities. Genome project and organization of the human genome. Human molecular pathology. Human biological variations from morphological characters to human plasma proteins. Human growth and development. Human nutrition. Human health and disease in focusing to infectious diseases and cancer. Human biology in forensic analysis.

  1. Detailed course description:

Chapter 1. Human origins and evolution

    1. Introduction to the hominoids

      1. The earliest homonoids

      2. Evolutionary relationships among hominoids

    2. The Australopithecines

      1. What is a hominid?

      2. The Australopithecines

      3. Interpretation of the Evolutionary history

    3. The genus Homo

      1. Homo habilis

      2. Homo erectus

      3. Homo sapiens

Chapter 2. Human genetics and population

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Chromosome structure and function

2.2.1. Human chromosomes

2.2.2. Chromosome abnormalities

2.3. Genes in pedigrees and populations

2.3.1. Mendelian pedigree patterns

2.3.2. Genetics of multifactorial characters

2.3.3. Factors affecting gene frequencies

2.4. The human genome project

2.4.1. Organization of the human genome project

2.4.2. How the human genome was mapped and sequenced

2.5. Organization of the human genome

2.5.1. General organization of the human genome

2.5.2. Organization, distribution and function of human RNA genes

2.5.3. Organization, distribution and function of human polypeptide-encoding genes

2.6. Human molecular pathology

Chapter 3. Human biological variations

3.1. Morphological characters

3.1.1. Head and face characters

3.1.2. Body characters

3.1.3. Fingerprint characters

3.2. Human antigen systems

3.2.1. Red cell antigens

3.2.2. Leucocyte antigens

3.3. Human plasma/serum proteome

3.3.1. Introduction to human proteome

3.3.2. Application of plasma/serum proteome

Chapter 4. Human growth and development

4.1. Introduction

4.2. The stages of human growth

4.3. Trends in growth and maturation

4.4. Growth and development in different human groups

4.5. Human adaptability to the environment

Chapter 5. Human nutrition

5.1. Main concepts of human nutrition

5.2. Nutrient quality of food

5.3. The impotant role of nutrients for human body

5.4. Nutrition in different human groups

5.5. Nutrition for human heath and diseases

Chapter 6. Human heath and diseases

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Individual and community health

6.3. Infectious diseases

6.4. Cancer

6.5. Human heath care

Chapter 7. Forensic biology

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Forensic analysis of human morphological characters: bone, fingerprints, ...

7.3. Forensic analysis of blood: blood groups, blood stains, ...

7.4. Forensic analysis of human fluids: saliva, semen, ...

7.5. Forensic analysis of DNA:



41. Population and Community Ecology

1. Code of course/ elective course: BIO2413



(Avanced Training Program and Talent Training Program of Bachelor in Biology)

2. Quantity of credits: 3

3. Prerequisites: Ecology

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructor (Full name, academic title and degree, institutions):


    1. Nguyen Xuan Huan, Assoc. Prof., PhD., Faculty of Biology, HUS, VNU

    2. Le Thu Ha, PhD., Faculty of Biology, HUS, VNU

    3. Doan Huong Mai, PhD., Faculty of Biology, HUS, VNU

6. Course objectives (referring to outputs of knowledge, skills, attitudes):

6.1. Knowledge

+ Possessing and applying causes resulting to population dynamics in natural conditions and human impacts.

+ Using knowledges of population growth, demographic parameter for simulating population dynamics and predicting the ability of rational hasvesting and effective control of populations.

+ Understanding and possessing knowledges of population and community structure, and life strategies in the life history of individual, population and ecological succession of community.

+ Possessing the nature of intraspecific and interspecific competition, interactions of predator-prey, positive relationships in populations and communities.

6.2. Personal skills and professional attitudes

+ To have the skill to calculate and predict the number of population by time according to every age group or cohort of populations.

+ To be able to determine and analyse the existence of competition populations or not and their number at the equilibrium point.

+ To have the skill of analysing and assessing and applying the studied knowledges under by the way of the practice experience.

+ To have the skill to learn and research by oneseft, group working and initiative attitude and to have a profesional passion.

6.3 Social skills and attitudes

+ From results on simulation of population dynamics, students will have more responsibility in conservation actions of dangerous species, and biological communities in sensitive ecosystems and sustainable use of biodiversity.

+ Applying studied knowledges in order to propagandize and raise the social

awareness of biodiversity conservation.

6.4. Other outputs in practice

+ To be able to apply the studied knowledges and trained skills into teaching or researching on population, community and ecosystem ecology.

+ To have ability in application of studied knowledges in order to solve problems in practice.

7. Forms of assignment, evaluation and testing:


  • Midterm exam:

    1. Time: after week 8

    2. Pattern of exam: multiple choice test or written test in combination of short theoretical questions with exercises

    3. Percentage of total grade: 20%

  • Final exam:

  1. Time: after week 15

    1. Pattern of exam: written exam, including theoretical questions and exercises

  1. Proportion of total grade: 60%

  • In-class performance grade:

  1. Average of in class grade, consisting of direct questions or Quiz form

  2. Proportion of total grade: 20%

8. Textbooks (author, book title, publishers, year of publication):

  1. Micheal Begon, Colin R. Townsend, John L. Harper, Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems (Fourth ed.), 2006, Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  2. Nguyễn Xuan Huan, Population Ecology, 2003, VNU Pulisher, Hanoi, 188 p. (In Vietnamese).

  3. Putman R. J., Community Ecology, 1994, Chapman & Hall, 178 p.

9. Content of course/ elective course in summary (written at least about 120 words )

The subject provides the knowledge of the structure, growth and dynamic of populations, intraspecific and interspecific competition, interactions of predator-prey, positive relationships; ecological interactions affecting populations, communities, and their environments, and community structure . Topics also introduction to food-web structure and trophic relationships, characteristics of the population regulation, mechanisms of coexistence, ecological succession of community, and maintenance of species and community diversity as well as studying orientations in prediction and application of population and community ecology in rational exploitation and control of populations.

10. Content of course/ elective course in details (written as chapters, main topics,

subtopics, topics, items, etc):

INTRODUCTION

Part I. POPULATION ECOLOGY

Chapter 1. CONCEPS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF POPULATION

1.1. Concepts of population

1.2. Population structure

1.2.1. Size and abundance of population

1.2.2. Space structure and distribution

1.2.3. Age structure

1.2.4. Sexual and reproduction structure

1.3. Relationship of individuals within population

1.3.1. Positive relationship

1.3.2. Negative relationship

1.3.3. Types and characteristics of intraspecific competition

Chapter 2. POPULATION GROWTH

2.1. Density-independent population growth

2.1.1. Basic models of density-independent population growth

2.1.1.1. Model with discrete time

2.1.1. 2. Model with continuous time

2.1.1. 3. Relationship between continuous and discrete models

2.1.2. Exponential growth in nature

2.2. Density-dependent population growth

2.2.1. Logistic model of population growth

2.2.2. Equilibrium analysis in logistic models of population growth

2.2.3. Lag time and density-dependent population growth

2.2.4. Discrete time density-dependent models of population growth

2.3. Population models based on age structure and Leslie model

2.4. Using matrices to write the model



Chapter 3. POPULATION DYNAMICS

3.1. Types and concepts of opulation dynamics

3.1.1. Types of population dynamics

3.1.2. Concepts of population dynamics

3.2. Processes causing population dynamics

3.2.1. Reproductive rate

3.2.2. Motarlity and survival rate

3.2.3. Immigration and emigration

3.3. Population regulation

3.3.1. Hypotheses for population regulation

3.3.2. Population regulation and stable states

3.4. Metapopulation

3.4.1. Concepts of metapopulation

3.4.2. Metapopulation models

3.4.2. Application of metapopulation principles in conservation biology

Chapter 4. EVOLUTION OF LIFE HISTORIES

4.1. Cole’s opinion

4.2. Extensions of Cole’model

4.3. Evolution of iteroparity and semelparity

4.4. Evolution of dispersal

4.5 ‘K’ and ‘r’ selection



Part II. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY

Chapter 5. CONCEPTS, STRUCTURES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMUNITY AND INTERACTIONS OF SPECIES IN COMMUNITY

5.1. Concepts of community

5.2. Community structure

5.2.1. Species diversity and the relationship of species composition and individual number of species

5.2.2. Space structure of community.

5.2.3. Feeding structure of community.

5.2.4. Ecological succession

5.3. The interactions of species within communities

5.3.1. Positive interactions of species within communities.

5.3.2. Negative interactions of species within communities.


Chapter 6. INTERSPECIFIC COMPETITION

6.1. Nature and characteristics of interspecific competition

6.2. Ecological niche and competitive exclusion

6.2.1. Concepts of ecological niche

6.2.2. Relationship in resource space: niche overlap and niche separation

6.3. Principle of competitive exclusion

6.4. Coexistence in competition

6.4.1. Coexistence in competition and the role of spatial and temporal

heterogeneity

6.4.2. Food competition and the theory of ideal free distribution

6.4.3. Competition for space and the ideal free distribution model in

combination with territorial protection

6.5. Lotka - Voltera models of competition

6.5.1. Graphical approach

6.5.2. Stability and equilibria of Lotka - Voltera models

6.5.3. Extensions to Lotka - Voltera models

Chapter 7. PREDATION-PREY INTERACTIONS

7.1. Types of predatiob-prey interactions

7.2. Types of feeding functions – The functional response of predators to prey availability

7.2.1. The ‘type 1’ response

7.2.2. The ‘type 2’ response

7.2.3. The ‘type 3’ response

7.3. Role of density dependence in the prey

7.4. Predator-prey interactions

7.4.1. Lotka – Voltera model

7.4.2. Dynamics of the basic Lotka – Voltera model

7.5. Host-Parasitoid interactions

7.5.1. Nicholson-Bailey model

7.5.2. Basic stabilizing features of Host-Parasitoid interactions

7.6. Diseases and pathogens

7.6.1. Epidemic models

7.6.2. The ability of disseases regulate population growth

7.7. Plant-animal interactions

Chapter 8. STABILITY OF POPULATION AND COMMUNITY

8.1. Definition of stability

8.2. Characteristics of stability in populations and communities

8.3. Influence of intreractions between populations on stability of communities

8.4. Species diversity and the stability of community

8.5. Ecological succession and the stability of community

8.6. Causes that creating or losing the stability of community

8.7. Applying the stability theory in rational exploitation, effective control and

conservation of populations

8.7.1. The rational exploitation of populations

8.7.2. Effective control of populations

8.7.3. The maintenance of species diversity and protection of dangerous populations



42. Principles of Conservation Biology

1. Course number: BIO2414

2. Credit: 3

3. Prerequisites:

- Botany (BIO3403)

- Invertebrate Zoology (BIO3405)

4. Teaching language: English

5. Instructors:





Full name

Academic title

Degree

Academic units and faculties

Nguyen Van Vinh

Assoc.Prof.

Ph.D

Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Nguyen Van Quang

Assoc.Prof.

Ph.D

Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

Tran Anh Đuc




Ph.D

Faculty of Biology, VNU university of science

6. Course objectives:

6.1. Knowledge



    • To remember and understand scientific terms and concepts of conservation biology.

    • To analyze and understand nature of conservation biology.

    • To understand knowledge on local and global biodiversity, diversity of various organism groups and interactions amongst spcices in nature.

    • To analyze and understand threats to biodiversity, including, habitat destruction, rates of extinction, causes of extinction etc.

    • To point out different mechanisms amongst threats to biodiversity and identify the main ones.

    • To understand methods of conservation and management of biodiversity, including in-situ conservation, ex-situ conservation, restoration etc.

    • To point out differences and understand levels of conservation, e.g., population and species levels, community level.

    • To understand knowledge on conservation and sustainable development, explain relationships and solutions for conflicts between the two aspects.

6.2. Skills

    • To be proficient in skills of searching related document and information sources.

    • To be enable to read and outline knowledge, including data written in English, on conservation biology.

    • Understanding of how to write assigment; to be fluent in presentation and discussion.

    • To be active in group working.

6.3 Attitude

    • To strong aware and understand values of biodiversity conservation.

    • To improve on natural love and awareness of biodiversity protection.

7. Assignment and testing:

- Frequency exams.

- A middle-term exam.

- A final exam.

8. Required textbooks:

- Richard B. Primack. A primer of conservation. Science and Technique Publishing House. Hanoi. 1999

- Pham Binh Quyen (Editor), Biodiversity. VNU Publishing House. Hanoi. 2002.

- Groom M.J., Meffe G.K., Carrol C.R. Principles of Conservation Biology. Sinauer Asociates, Inc. Publishers Sunderland, Massachusetts U.S.A. 2006

9. Course overview

This course provides basic knowledge on principles of coservation biology. The main topics include general concepts on conservation biology, biodiversity and its values, methods to assess biodiversity, relationships between nature and man, biodiversity deterioration, causes and effects, management and sustainable development of biodiversity, conservation at levels of population and community, issues of conservation and sustainable development, conservation methodology, biodiversity conservation status in the world and Vietnam, priority solutions for natural resource management and conservation.

10. Detailed course description



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