The simple present tense and simple past tense


Các trạng từ thời gian đi với thì HTTD



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Các trạng từ thời gian đi với thì HTTD



  • now : bây giờ

  • right now : ngay bây giờ

  • at present : hiện tại

  • at the moment : ngay lúc này

  • this week / month / year : tuần / tháng / năm này

  • these days : những ngày này



Ex: They are visiting their aunt next month.



II. Near future (thì töông lai gaàn


KĐ: S + am/is/are going to Vo

PĐ: S + am/is/are not going to Vo …

NV: Am / Is ? Are + S + going to Vo …?



- Dieãn ta haønh ñoäng saép söûa xaûy ra.

* Thöôøng thöôøng trong caâu khoâng coù cuïm töø chæ thôøi gian, haønh ñoäng ñaõ chaéc chaén.

Exercise 1


  1. John (read) ……………………………………………..a book now.

  2. What (you do) …………………………………………….. tonight?

  3. Jack and Peter (work) ……………………………………………..late today.

  4. Silvia (not listen) ……………………………………………..to music.

  5. Maria (sit) ……………………………………………..next to Paul.

  6. How many other students (you study) …………………………………………….. with?

  7. The phone (not ring) ……………………………………………...

  8. (it start) to rain? ……………………………………………..

9. (Sue study) ……………………………………………..to become a doctor?

10. (you take) ……………………………………………..your daughter with you?

11. (the dog play) …………………………………………….. with the kids?

12. (they come) t……………………………………………..onight?

13. She (read) ……………………………………………..an English book.
14. They (listen) ……………………………………………..to rock music.
15. We (drink) ……………………………………………..lemonade.
16. Are you (study) …………………………………………….. Japanese?
17 I (eat) ……………………………………………..a hamburger.
18. Is she (speak) ……………………………………………..Spanish?
19. You (watch/not) ……………………………………………..TV.
20. It (sleep) ……………………………………………..on the sofa.
21. Am I (wear) ……………………………………………..a black t-shirt?
22. They (go/not) …………………………………………….. to school.
Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with “BE GOING TO” and a verb or expression from the box Leave, snow, drive, be sick, jump, have a job interview, be late, study together

1 . Look at that man on the bridge! I think he ………………………………

2. I don’t feel well. I think I ………………………………………………..

3. It’s so cold and look at those clouds! I think it …………………………..

4. This film is so boring. We ………………………………………………

5. Sally’s wearing her best clothes. She ……………………………………

6. Hurry up! It’s nearly ten o’clock! You ……………………………………

7. “Are you free tonight ? ” “I am sorry, I’m going to meet Jack at the library at 7. We

………........................…….”

18. “Do you want to walk to the shop ? ” “No, I ………………………………………………..…….”



Exercise 3: Choose the best answer.

19. Tom and I ………………to Mary’s birthday party together.

A. am going B. are going C. will go D. are going to go

20. You have heard she isn’t coming to the meeting, ……………….?

A. is she B. haven’t you C. aren’t you D. hasn’t she

21. I will try to ………………….her to go with us.

A. persuade B. suggest C. propose D. offer

22. This semester in geography we have studied rock ……………….

A. information B. formal C. informal D. formations

23. We are going to make a two-day ………………to visit Huong Pagoda.

A. travel B. excursion C. voyage D. gone

24. I know that he ………………..in the library at this moment.

A. works B. has worked C. is working D. was working

25. She ………………sixteen years old next Saturday.

A. is B. is going to C. will be D. has

26. I …………….our teacher tomorrow, so I shall give him your note.

A. have seen B. going to see C. shall have seen D. am seeing

27. I think they’re going to visit Sa Pa, …………….?

A. aren’t they B. are they going C. do I D. don’t I

28. Our class ……………..a picnic at Thay Pagoda this Sunday.

A. am having B. will has C. is going to have D. go to have

29. Where is your father? – He …………….in his office.

A. works B. has worked C. is working D. worked

30. At this time tomorrow, we ………..on the train to Ho Chi Minh City.

A. will be sitting B. will sit C. will have sat D. would sit

31. We have run out of milk. – Oh, have we ? I ………………and get some.

A. would go B. will go C. will be going D. was going

32. We are going on a …………………to Vung Tau next week.

A. two day trip B. two-days trip C. two-day trip D. twoday trip

33. I’m afraid my parents do not allow me …………….on a long journey.

A. going B. to go C. to going D. will go

34. Tell me about your plan, Lan. What ………….this Saturday evening?

A. are you doing B. have you done C. would you do D. will you be doing

35. The local authorities ……...…..this market to build a new school for the children in the area

next month.

A. will demolish B. are going to demolish

C. will be demolished D. both A & B are correct.

36. Can you come next weekend? – Sorry , we’d love to, but we ………..to the countryside to

visit our relatives.

A. have gone B. will have gone C. are going D. would go

37. They are going …………..a boat trip on the Themes.

A. for B. in C. at D. on

38. I can’t talk now. I ………………..the dinner.

A. was cooking B. am cooking C. will be cooking D. have cooked

39. All of my friends …………..for the same job.

A. applied B. intended C. requested D. referred

40. The first term is coming to ………and my school is going to ……some days off.

A. an end- to have B. end-having C. a end-have D. an end- have had

41. We believe we’re going to enjoy good weather with ………….sunshine.

A. a lot of B. lots of C. plenty of D. all are correct

42. Please be quiet while the teacher ………………..the lesson.

A. explains B. was explaining C. is explaining D. explained

43. Be careful! The bus ………………..near.

A. will come B. will be coming C. is coming D. has come

44. We ………………from school by the end of June.

A. will graduate B. will have graduated C. have graduated D. had graduated

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UNIT 7: Because of & Inspite of
Because + Clause

Because of + V – ing / Noun phrase

Although / Though + Clause

Inspite of / Despite + V – ing / Noun phrase

*

B. Exercises



Exercise 1: Supply either “BECAUSE or BECAUSE OF” as appropriate.

1. It was difficult to deliver the letter …………….…the sender had written the wrong address on the envelope.

2. We decided to leave early …………..…………….the party was boring.

3. Rescue attempts were temporarily…………………..…the bad weather.

4. They visited their friends often ……………………they enjoyed their company.

5. Paul can’t go to the football game ……………………………his grades.

6. Marcella was awarded a scholarship……………….her superiors scholastic ability

7. Nobody ventured outdoor ………………………..the hurricane warning.

8. We plan to spend our vacation in the mountains …………....the air is purer there

9. We have to drive around the bay ……………..the bridge was destroyed in the storm.

10. The chickens have died …………….the intense heat.

Exercise 2: Replace the underlined words by the words in parentheses.

11. Despite her dislikes coffee, she drank it to keep herself warm.

→ Although …………………………………………………………………

12. Mary will take a plane, even though she dislikes flying.

→ In spite of …………………………………………………………………

13. In spite of Lan’s sadness at losing the contest, she managed to smile.

→ Although …………………………………………………………………

14. We took many pictures though the sky was cloudy.

→ Despite …………………………………………………………………...

15. Despite her poor money, the old woman told interesting stories to the children.

→ Even though ……………………………………………………………...

16. Though he has been absent frequently, he managed to pass the test.

→ In spite of …………………………………………………………………

17. Nancy told me the secret despite having promised not to do so.

→ Though …………………………………………………………………...

18. We plan to buy a ticket for the drawing although we know we will not win a prize

→ Even though …………………………………………………………...

Exercise 4: Putting the verbs into the Present Perfect Tense.

19. I …………………………..(live) here since 1970.

20. The cat ………………………(sit) in front of the fire since tea-time.

21. ………….you …………….(be) to the zoo ?

22. I’m afraid you ……………………………….(look) at the wrong one.

23. ……………you …………….(wait) long for me ?

24. Yes! I …………………….(stand) here in the rain for half an hour.

25. He ………………(learn) English for three years, but he can’t even read a newspaper yet.

26. This watch was working all right a moment ago but now it ……….(stop).

27. Lunch is not quite ready yet, although I …………..(cook) all the morning



28. Look! That light …………………..(burn) all night.

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