The simple present tense and simple past tense


A. boil B. boils C. boiling D. is boiling



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A. boil B. boils C. boiling D. is boiling


  1. George ____________ to the movies very often.

A. not go B. don’t go C. doesn’t go D. not to


  1. How many languages ____________?

A. do you speak B. are you speak C. are you speaking D. will you speak


  1. The swimming pool ...................... at 9.00 am and ____________ at 6.30 pm

A. open/ close B. opens / closes C. opens/ close D. open / closes


  1. I____________ your telephone number.

A. not know B. don’t know C. don’t knew D. am not knowing

  1. Bad students never ____________ hard

A. works B. work C. are working D. is working

  1. Those children ____________for 2 hours every afternoon.

A. sleep B. sleeps C. is sleeping D. are sleeping

  1. Light ____________ faster than sound.

A. travels B. travels C. travel D. is travelling

  1. He usually____________ his work before 5 o’clock

A. finish B. finishes C. is finishing D. finishing

  1. They ____________to Ha Long for their last summer vacation.

A. go B. are going C. was going D. went

  1. She ____________ to brush her teeth yesterday.

A. forget B. forgot C. forgetting D. was forgetting

  1. Ba ____________his room yesterday afternoon.

A. clean and tidy B. cleaned and tidied C. cleaned and tidy

  1. Why____________ you come yesterday?

A. can not B. can’t C. don’t D. couldn’t
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UNIT 2- LOP 10- WH-QUESTION

  1. PHẦN LÝ THUYẾT

  1. Question words used as subject. ( Từ để hỏi dùng làm chủ từ)

Wh-question V O ?

Who teaches you English every day?

# Who do you teach English every day?

  1. Question words use as objects or modifiers.(Từ để hỏi dùng làm tân ngữ hoặc bổ ngữ) Wh-question aux.V S Vm O ?

Aux. V: auxiliary verb trợ động từ

Vm: main verb động từ chính

Lưu ý: Đối với thì nào thì mượn trợ động từ tương ứng. Đối với động từ khiếm khuyết (can, could, may, shall, should) thì ta mượn động từ khiếm khuyết làm trợ động từ.


Question words

To ask about

Example

Who

Hỏi về người

Who is your English teacher?

What

Hỏi người, vật, sự việc, sự kiện..

What happened last night?

Where

Hỏi nơi chốn

Where do you live?

When

Hỏi thời gian

When did you buy this book?

Which

Hỏi sự chọn lựa

Which class do you like?

Why

Hỏi lý do

Why were you late?

Whose

Hỏi sở hữu

Whose pen is this?

How

Hỏi cách thức, chất lượng

How old is she?

      • What:

        • What…be (look) like? Hỏi về sự miêu tả: What is the weather like in Ha Noi?

        • What + noun (color, subject, kind of, size…) Hỏi về chi tiết: What color is it?

        • What time Hỏi thời gian cụ thể What time do you often get up?

      • How + Adj/Adv Hỏi về mức độ tính chất: How deep is this river?

  • How far Hỏi về khoảng cách

  • How long Hỏi độ dài / thời gian: How long have you been staying here?

  • How many/much Hỏi về số lượng: How many students are there in the class?

  • How often Hỏi về độ thường xuyên: How often do you go to the cinema?

Exercise 1: Make the questions for the following sentences.

1. Miss Phuong went home early.

→ Why ……………………….................…….……………………………….................…?

2. I met Phong’s father .

→ Who …………………………….................………………………….................………..?

3 . they wanted something .

→ What ………………………………….........…………………….................…....………?

4. The machine cost a lot of money.

→ How much money …………………………………………….................…….…………?

5. The meeting finished at 7 o’clock.

→ What time ……………………...…………………….................….......……………… ?


  1. My aunt and uncle live in Chicago.

Where

  1. We often have dinner at 7:00 pm.

 What time

  1. I am reading an English book at the moment.

 What

  1. It takes me 30 minutes to go to school.

 How long

  1. She speaks English very fluently.

How

  1. I have written over twenty novels.

How many

  1. This street is twenty kilometers long.

How long

  1. I spent 10 dollars on this shirt.

 How much

  1. I have been learning English for 5 years.

How long

  1. She will be married to a rich man.

 Who

  1. Tom goes to the library twice a week.

 How often

  1. I went to school late because I missed the bus.

Why

  1. She is a doctor.

 What

  1. They were watching a game show.

What

  1. He like studying Math.

What subject

  1. The weather is very nice in this country.

What

  1. She wanted to become an English teacher.

What.

  1. They are cutting trees in the forest for wood.

For what

  1. They are coming to visit tomorrow.

When

  1. He is going to work right now.

Where

  1. She talked to him for an hour.

 How long

Exercise 3: Make questions from the words given.

17. does / what time / get up / she

→ ………………………………………….…..………………… ?

– At seven o’clock.

18. for / does / have / breakfast / she / what

→…………………………………………..……..……………? – A bread and an egg.

19. to work / she / does / go / how

→ …………………………………………..………….…………...?

– By bus.

20. she / does / what / in the evening / do

→ …………………………………………..……..…………..? – She watches television.

21. bed / time / does / go to / what / she

→ ……………………………………………………………..? – At nine o’clock.

UNIT 2- LOP 10-

I. Động từ đi với gerund:


admit : thừa nhận

anticipate : liệu trước

appreciate : đánh giá cao

avoid : tránh

be worth : đáng (được)

can’t help : không thể tránh

complete : hoản thành

consider : xem xét, can nhắc

defer : hoãn lại

delay : trì hoãn

deny : phủ nhận

dislike / detest : không thích

dread : sợ

encourage : khuyến khích

enjoy : thích

escape : thoát khỏi

fancy : thích

finish : hoàn thành

involve : bao gồm, liên quan

keep : tiếp tục



mind : ngại

postpone : trì hoãn

practise : luyện tập

resent : phật ý, oán

recollect : hồi tưởng

risk : liều lĩnh

spend : dùng, trãi qua

suggest : gợi ý, đề nghị

tolerate : chịu đưng, tha thou

understand : hiểu

forgive : tha thứ

encourage : khuyến khích

imagine : tưởng tượng

mention : đề cập

miss : bỏ lở

It’s no use / good : Vô ích

to look forward to : mong, đợi

can’t bear / stand : không thể chịu được

have difficulty / trouble: có vấn đề, gặp khó khăn

Các giới từ: on / in/ to/ at/ up/ with….



Ex: She admitted stealing his money.

This job involves meeting people.

Do you enjoy going to the beach?

II. Những động từ sau được sử dụng với hai cấu trúc:


Advise

recommend

encourage

Allow

permit
V + Ving V + object+ to V0

He doesn’t allow smoking in his house. He doesn’t allow anyone to smoke in his house.
III. Động từ theo sau là Ving hay to-infinitive: (Không thay đổi nghĩa)


begin / start : bắt đầu

can’t bear : không thể chịu đựng

can’t stand : không thể chịu đựng

continue : tiếp tục

dread : kinh sợ


hate : ghét

like : thích

love : yêu

neglect : lơ là

prefer : thích hơn


Ex: She began working / to work on the project.

IV. Đông từ theo sau là Ving hoặc to-infinitive: (thay đổi nghĩa)



Forget: quên


Don’t forget to send me a postcard. (quên để làm)

I will never forget working with you. (quên đã làm)



Remember: nhớ


Remember to do your homework. (nhớ để làm)

Do you remember meeting the president last year? (nhớ đã làm)



Stop: ngưng

Stop: dừng hẳn



He stopped to smoke when he was driving. ( ngưng để làm)

When the teacher came in, the students stopped talking( ngừng hẳn)



Try + to-inf : cố gắng

Try + Ving : thử



We tried to win the game, but we failed.

Have you ever tried windsurfing?



Mean + to-inf: muốn

Mean + Ving: nghĩa là



I mean to take a trip to Canada.

A trip to Da Lat means spending much money.



Regret + to-inf : rất tiếc

Regret + Ving : hối hận



We regret to say that your application can’t be accepted.

He regrets not going to her friend’s birthday party.




V. Động từ theo sau các động từ V0:


Make: khiến

Let: cho phép

Have: nhờ

Help: giúp đỡ

Used to :

Had better

Would rather….(than)


My mother makes me study.

They let him go.

I had him wash my car.

Advertising helps (to) sell more products.

She used to help me when I lived in Dalat in 1997

You had better come back home and take a rest.

we would rather die than be slaves

I'd rather walk than take a bus




VI. Theo sau động từ chỉ giác quan là V-ing hoặc V­­0

see

hear + O + Ving

smell

notice

When I came home I had seen someone opening the door

see

hear + O + V0

smell

notice

I noticed an old man cross the street


VII. Ñoäng töø ñi sau caùc ñoäng töø döôùi ñaây thöôøng ôû daïng to - V0


Agree

Offer

Decide

Appear

Ask

Would prefer

Remind

Enable

Want

Refuse

Attempt

Plan

Seem

Expect

Would like

Warn

Teach

Learn

Promise

Manage

Arrange

Pretend

Mean

Dare

Force

Persuade

Tell

Threaten

Fail

Hope

Afford

help

tend

Invite

get

Order

Exercise 1: Underlined the correct answer.

  1. I’m looking forward to ……………………….you at Christmas. ( see/ seen/ seeing )

  2. Litter boys like ………………………. trees. ( climb/ climbing/ have climbed )

  3. Mr.Ha decided ……………………..….. his new suit .(wearing/ to wear/ wear )

  4. Some people are used to ………………..…. in crowded buses. (standing/ stand/ stood )

  5. I dislike …………..…………………. on the subway. ( to ride/ riding/ ride )

  6. I enjoy ………………………. with Miss Phuong. (to study/ studying / studied )

  7. Students must practice ……………………………..…….(to use/ using / use )

  8. Hoa and Lan have stopped ……………….to each other. (to talk/ talking/ talks)

  9. He is learning (play) …………………………..piano.

  10. She asked me (give) ……………………………..her my book.

  11. He demanded (know) …………………………….who is responsible.

  12. I expect (enter) …………………………………………graduate school.

  13. I didn’t mean (hurt)……………………………….your feelings.

  14. I need (have)………………………………….your opinion.

  15. We are preparing (have)…………………………a party.

  16. Please remember (lock) ………………………………..the door when you go away.

  17. Nobody noticed John (enter)………………………..the room.

  18. You had better (go) ………………………………to bed early.

  19. People should (stop)…………………………………..letter rubbish into rivers.

  20. You needn’t (spend) ………………………………money on these things.

  21. He made me (do) ………………………………………it over again.

  22. Before (give) ______________evidence you must swear (speak) ______________the truth.

  23. I tried (persuade) ____________________him (agree) ___________________with your proposal.

  24. Your windows need (clean) _____________.Would you like me (do) ___________them for you.

  25. Would you mind (shut) _______________the window? I hate (sit) _______________in a draught.

  26. I can’t help (sneeze) ____________; I caught a cold yesterday form (sit) _________in a draught.

  27. Stop (talk) _____________________; I am trying (finish) _____________________a letter.

  28. His doctor advised him (give) _____________________up (jog) _____________________.

  29. My watch keeps (stop) _____________________.

  30. People used (make) ___________________fire by (rub) _________________two sticks together.

  31. He hates (answer) the phone, and very often just lets it (ring).

  32. If you go on (let) ______________your dog (chase) _____________________cars he will end by (be) _____________________run over.

  33. I prefer (drive) _____________________to (be) _____________________driven.

  34. I advise you (start) _____________________ (look) _____________________for a flat at once.

  35. Would you mind (lend) _____________me some money? I forgot (cash) __________ a cheque.

  36. (Lie) _____________on the beach is much more pleasant than (sit) _____________in the office.

  37. She like her children (go) _____________to the dentist every six months.

  38. An instructor is coming (show) _____________us how (use) _____________the machine.

  39. I have no intention of (go) _____________to that film; I couldn’t bear (see) _____________my favorite actress in such dreadful part.

  40. I suggest (telephone) _____________the hospitals before (ask) _____________the police (look) _____________for him.

  41. After (hear) ____________the conditions I decided (not enter) ____________for the competition.

  42. Some people seem (have) ___________the passion for (write) _____________to the newspapers.

  43. He expects me (answer) __________by return but I have no intention of (reply) __________at all.

  44. He postponed (make) _____________a decision until it was too late (do) ____________anything.

  45. Try (forget) _____________it; It isn’t worth (worry) _____________about it.

  46. There is no point in (remain) _____________in a dangerous place if you can’t do anything (help) _____________the people who have (stay) _____________ there.

  47. The horse won’t be well enough (run) _____________in tomorrow’s race. He doesn’t seem (have) _____________recovered from his long journey.

  48. At first I enjoyed (listen) _____________to him but after a while I got tired of (hear) _____________the same story again and again.

  49. He’s expecting ………………………………..(make) a trip to Ha Long Bay.

  50. Students stopped ………………………(make) noise when the teacher came in.

  51. Ann likes …………………………..(cook) but hate …..……………………..(wash) uprcise

  52. Do you agree ………………………….(lend) me some money?

  53. My parents decided …………………………..(take) a taxi because it was late.

  54. My watch keeps …………………..(stop).. I enjoy ……………………………..(listen) to classical music.



UNIT 3- LOP 10- PRESENT AND PAST PERFECT TENSE
I
KĐ : S + has/have + V3

PĐ : S + has/have + not + V3

NV : Has/Have + S + V3 ?
. Present Perfect:

Ex: Ms Mai has already finished the work.

We haven’t seen him recently.

Have you ever been to Canada?

Cách dùng:


  • Hành động vừa mới xảy ra.

I have just seen my sister in the park.

  • Diễn tả một hành động lập đi lập lại nhiều lần trong quá khứ mà không biết rỏ thời gian cụ thể trong quá khứ. Hành động có thể tiếp tục xảy ra ở hiện tại và tương lai.

I have seen that film several times.

  • Diễn tả một hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ kéo dài đến hiện tại và có thể xảy ra trong tương lai.

Mary has lived in this house for ten years.

  • Diễn tả một hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà không rỏ thời gian.

I have lost my keys.

  • Diển tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ mà kết quả vẫn còn ở hiện tại ( hành động đã hoàn tất trước hđ ở hiện tại ).

He has had lunch. (He is full now.)

  • Diễn tả 1 hành động chưa xảy ra.

I have not made any important decision yet

  • Diễn tả một hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ và chấm dứt ngay lúc nói

Our teacher has given three execisrs so far

Các trạng từ và giới từ đi với thì HTHT:


  • recently = lately : gần đây - in the last few years : trong vài năm qua

  • already :đã - for a long time : đã lâu

  • for ages : đã nhiều năm - just : vừa mới

  • until now = up to now = up to the present

= so far : cho đến nay - (not) … yet : chưa

  • never : chưa bao giờ - ever : đã từng

  • before : trước (đây) - Since, for : kể từ khi, đã được ( thời gian)


8. Present perfect continuous :




KĐ : S + has/have + been + ving

PĐ : S + has/have not + been + ving

NV : Has/Have + S + been + ving ?

Ex: I have been waiting for you for nearly an hour.

Giống như thì HTHT nhưng nhấn mạnh tính liên tục.

9


KĐ : S + had + V3

PĐ : S + had not + V3

NV : Had + S + V3 ?

. Past Perfect:
Ex: We had finished school before 1990.

They had studied English before they began to go to work.



Cách dùng:

  • 1 hành đông chấm dứt trước 1 hành động khác trong quá khứ.

  • Hành động chấm dứt trước 1 thới diểm trong quá khứ.

Các từ đi với thì QKHT:

    • QKHT + before + QKĐ

    • QKĐ + after + QKHT

    • QKĐ + as soon as + QKĐ/ QKHT

    • QKĐ + until + QKĐ/ QKHT

    • QKHT + by the time + QKĐ

    • ngay khi ….thì, vừa mới …. thì



S + had

no sooner

+ V3 + than + S + V2

hardly

+ V3 + when + S + V2

barely

scarcely

Ex: He had no sooner come home than the boss rang him.

= no sooner had He come home than the boss rang him.

I had hardly locked the door when he came.

= hardly had I locked the door when he came.

Ex: No sooner had we gone out than it began to rain.



Hardly had he gone to bed when he heard a shot.

Ex: He got a job after he had finished high school.



Exercise 1 : Put the verb in brackets into correct tenses : simple past, past perfect and present perfect

1. I …………………..………..…….a great film yesterday. (see)


2. ………..…………..……a new car? (you ever buy)
3. Sue ……………..………….the flu last winter. (have)
4. A few days ago we ……………..…………..to his uncle. (drive)

5. They ……………..…………..bingo Wednesday afternoon. (play)


6. He ………………..……….the bus to get there. (already take)
7. Last week my rabbit ………………..………away. (run)
8. We ……………..…………a lot last Sunday. (do)
9. ……………..……………..…………..to India? (she ever be)
10. I ………………..………………..…….him last Monday. (meet)
11. She ………………..………………..……….yet. (not wake up)
12. I …………………..………………….her since last Thursday. (not meet)
13. Bob ………………..………………..………well last night. (sleep)
14. I ………………..………………..……..a letter from her two days ago. (get)
15. They ……………..………………..………….in Germany. (already arrive)

16. When we arrived , the dinner ……………………..……….…….(already begin).

17. She …………..………………..……..(cry) after he ………………..…………..……….(go).

18. They ……….…………..………..(tell) us we were too late. The train ……………..…….…..(leave).

19. When I ………….………….……..(get) to the theatre , the play ………………..…..….(already start).

20. John was not at home . He …………………..………………..…….………..…(go) away.

21. The house was very quiet. Everybody …………………..……………..……………….….(go) to bed.

22. They …………………………..………………..………...(not go) home until they finished their work.

23. We ……….……………….…….……….(just turn off) the lights when we heard someone at the door.

24. Everyone ……………..……...(eat) dinner by the time we …………..………(get) to the dining-room.

25. We …………………….....(ask) the poster where he ……………..……………..…(put) our luggage.

26. He ………………………(do) nothing before he saw me.

27 He thanked me for what I …………………..…………………..(do).

28. I ……………………..…………(be) sorry that I had hurt him.

29. After they had gone, I …………………..………………(sit) down and …………..…………….(rest).

30. He …………………………………...(die) after he …………………………..(be) ill a long time.

31. As soon as you ………………..……………..(go), I ………………..……….(want) to see you again.

32. Before you ……………………….(go) very far, we found that we ………….…………(lose) our way.

33. My friend ……………………..………(not see) me for many years when I met him.

34. My father ……………………..………….(tell) me he ……………..…………….(give) up smoking.

35. He …………………..……………(be) late because he ………………..…………(have) an accident.

Exercise 2: Choose the best answer.

36. When I was young, I received some ……..training from my father.

A. science B. scientific C. scientist D. scientifically

37. We must send ………….aid to the refugees.

A. human B. humanism C. humane D. humanitarian

38. Nowadays, more and more young people want to have a university …… .

A. educate B. education C. educator D. educational

39. The purpose of the test is to ………. the weight of the chemical element.

A. ease B. interrupt C. determine D. receive

40. In the 19th century, it was ………… for a woman to become a doctor.

A. can’t B. impossible C. couldn’t D. incapable

41. He took …………the position that his father had obtained at the college.

A. on B. to C. up D. in

42. Tran Hieu Ngan was the first Vietnamese athlete ….. an Olympic medal.

A. to win B. winning C. won D. had won

43. After it …………….dry for two months, it rained heavily last night.

A. was B. has been C. had been D. would be

44. Jane had gone to the supermarket ………she got home.

A. as soon as B. after C. when D. before

45. When I ……….to visit him, he ……….to work.

A. came / gone B. came/ had gone C. had come/went D. had come/had gone

46. When I first ……….abroad to study, I ………. in a dormitory before.

A. travelled - was never lived B. had travelled – never lived

C. travelled - had never lived D. was living – had never lived

47. After the … death of her husband, Marie Curie took up his position at the Sorbonne.

A. tragic B. tragedy C. tragical D. tragically

48. Marie Curie was …......…..the Nobel Prize in chemistry for determining the atomic weight of

radium.


A. won B. awarded C. dedicated D. devoted

49. It rained yesterday after it …………..dry for months.

A. was B. have been C. had been D. was being

50. When you phone me, it …………my lunchtime.

A. was B. is C. being D. were

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UNIT 4- LOP 10-

The + Adj, Used To + Infinitive, Which As A Connector


  1. The + adjective

    • Phần lí thuyết

The + adjective được dùng như một danh từ để chỉ một nhóm và có nghĩa số nhiều.

They are going to build a new school for the blind.

The rich are not always happy.

  1. Used to

    • Phần lí thuyết

Form: used to Vo

Use: Dùng để diễn tả một thói quen, một tình huống trong quá khứ mà nay không còn.


    • Phần thực hành

Exercise 1 Put the verb in the brackets in the correct form:

          1. My father used to (smoke) __________ 30 cigarrettes a day.

          2. He is used to (write) ________ with his right hand.

          3. When I was young, I (not use) to go out for a walk.

          4. __________you (use to) live here?

          5. There used to (be) ___________trees in this area.

Exercise 2: Use The + Adjective from the list to complete each sentence.

disabled, rich, deaf, unemployed, dumb, poor, blind, injured

1 . ……………………………..have to help …………………………. .

2. …………….….in the accident yesterday morning was taken to hospital immediately.

3. The little boy is helping ………………………cross the street.

4. …….....…..and…………. use a system of sign language to communicate with each other.

5. The government should take an urgent step to help …………………….. .

6. Don’t make fun of ………………………………….. .

Exercise 3: Choose the correct word between brackets.

7. The rich (is / are ) ………….. not always happy.

8. The poor (is / are )……………not always unhappy.

9. The dead never …………….( return / returns ).

10. The lazy can never …………….( succeeds / succeed ).

11. The young ( have / has ) ……………the future in their hand.



Exercise 4 : Use “WHICH” to combine each pair of sentences.

12. John is always late for class. This annoys the teacher.

………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..

13. People today put advertisements on TV or in newspapers. This makes it possible to produce

more things to sell.…………………………………………………………….. ……

14. He passed the exam with high grades. This made everybody in the family pleased.

……………………………...............…………………………………………..……………….. …….

15. We have lost her phone number. This makes it difficult to contact her.

…………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. ……

16. Jane couldn’t come to my birthday party. This made me feel sad.

………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. ………

17. She has promised herself to be on time to work everyday. That is a good idea.

………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. ………

18. Tim has found a new job. That is lucky.

……………………..…………………………………………………………..……………….. ……..

19. She usually comes to work on time. That pleases her boss.

………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. ……….

20. A dictionary is a book. This gives you the meaning of words.

………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. ……..

Exercise 5: Choose the correct word between brackets.

21. He ………………..……..wear a pair of glasses. (used to / use to / used)

22. “Are you a bus driver ? ” - “ No, not anymore, but I ………..…. .” (used to / used to be / use to be )

23. When a boy I ………..………..….. a kite in the afternoon. (would to fly /used to fly/ have flown)

24. He ......... ……..…...…arrive at the office on time.(used always to/used to always/always used to)

25. Susan…………..……early when she stayed with us. (has got up/ used to get up/ gets up).

26. Jimmy and Maria were mischievous children. They ………..…………tricks on their teacher, which always got them into a lot of trouble. ( could have played / could play / used to play )

27. He …………..……here but he doesn’t work here now. (has worked/ used to work/ used to working )

28. “Do the Smiths live next door to you ? ”

“No, but they …………….…………..…..….………(used to do / used to did / used to )”

29. The dog would bark until someone opened the gate. That’s what he …………..……..………..…….

(is used to doing / is used to / used to do )

30. When I was your age, I ……………..………..……………. for the cinema.

(used to pay 5p / used paid 5p / used to pay 5p )



Exercise 6: Choose the best answer.

31. He rushed into the burning building, ………..was very brave.

A. it B. who C. that D. which

32. My father didn’t …………………coffee for breakfast.

A. used to have B. use to have C. use to having D. use be having

33. Without the Braille Alphabet it would be very difficult for ………..

A. disabled B. the deaf C. the mute D. the blind

34 . Thuy’s class is different ………other classes because the children are disabled.

A. on B. from C. in D. at

35. The little boy is helping……………..cross the street.

A. the poor B. the rich C. the blind D. the young

35. Many people lost their home in the Earthquake. The government is trying to establish more shelters to care for ……………… A. the childless B. the homeless C. the blind D. the deaf

36 . The government should have special policies to help the ……………. .

A. disable B. disabled C. disability D. disablement

37. I …….up late at night. A. use to stay B. am used to stay C. used to staying D. am used to staying

38 . The blind child … a great effort to learn “Braille ”. A. did B. got C. made D. created

39 . There was a lot of …………….from the local residents.

A. oppose B. opposite C. opponent D. opposition

40 . I’d like to introduce you to Mrs. Thuy, ……… is the teacher of this special class.

A. that B. which C. who D. whom

41. The children will learn how ….sums. A. to do B. doing C. do D. will do

42 . We ……….for the delay in answering your letter.

A. sorry B. regret C. apologize D. excuse

43. very few people can ……….my name correctly.

A. pronoun B. pronounce C. announce D. allow

44 . The blind ………..unable to see anything. A. is B. are C. am D. have

45 . He said it was right that ……………..should beg.

A. blind B. the blinds C. the blind D. the blindness



Exercise 7: Choose the underlined part among A, B, C or D that need correcting.

46. Jane couldn’t come to my birthday party, this made me feel sad.

A B C D

47. Dennis used to smoking a lot a year ago.

A B C D

48. Mr. Thuy doesn’t mind taking care for disabled children.

A B C D

49. It took him a long time to get used to drive on the left.

A B C D

50. Check cards are used for replace money.

A B C D

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PRESENT PERFECT, PRESENT PERFECT PASSIVE, AND RELATIVE PRONOUNS


I. The present perfect tense ( Thì hiện tại hoàn thành )

( + ) S + have / has + P2



Ex: John has just cleaned the floor.

( - ) S + have / have + not + P2



Ex: They have not received their salary yet.

( ? ) Have / Have + S + P2 … ?



Ex: Have the students finished doing the homeworks ?

Notes: You / we / they / plural noun / I have

She / he / it / single noun has



II. Passive voice with present perfect.

Active : S + have / has + P2 + O

Passive : S + have / has + been + P2 + by ….

Exercise 1: Chia ®éng tõ trong ngoÆc ë th× hiÖn t¹i hoµn thµnh.

1 . She ………………………..……………..…..(wait) for two hours to see you.

2. She ………………………..…………………..(be) to America.

3. John ………………………..……………..…..(see) that film several times.

4. They ………………………..……………..……(live) in this street for a long time.

5. She …………………………..………….……..(not speak) to me since last week.

6. We …………………………..…………..(study) every lesson in the book, so far.

7. I ………………………………..………………….(have) three colds this winter.

8. Up to now, John …………………..…………………………….(work) very hard.

Exercise 2: Chia ®éng tõ trong ngoÆc ë th× hiÖn t¹i hoµn thµnh hoÆc qu¸ khø ®¬n.

9. They ………………………..…………………..(sell) their house several days ago.

10. John ………………………..………………..(work) for this company since 1980.

11. Linda is working in this department. She …………..…………..(work) here for two years.

12. Many people in this class …………..………..…...(see) this beautiful house several times.

13. They …………………..………..………(live) in London from 1970 to 1990.

14. They ……………………………..……….(live) in China since 2000.

15. We ……………………….……..…….(study) English at this school for a month.

16. Our present teacher ………………..…………..…..(live) in this city all of his life.

17. This boy ……………………………..……….(not / finish) his homework yet.

18. I ……………………..….... (speak) to him about your work several times already.

19. ………………………..….…you …………..………….……..(ever travel) to China before ?

20. he ……………………….….(receive) a letter just a few minutes ago.

21. I ……………………………..…………………(not / see) John recently.

22. It’s the third time you …………………..…………….……….(lose) your key.

23. This is one of the best books I ……………..…………….(ever read).

24. You …………………….………..……….(put) your book on my desk last night.

Exercise 3: Active or Passive? Underline the correct verb form.

25. Tom (has just promoted / has just been promoted )to area manager of East Asia.

26. My father (has taken / has been taken) English class in the U.S.

27. How many times (have you / have you been) fired?

28. How much money (have you saved / have you been saved) for your vacation.

29. My brother (has given / has been given) tickets to the concert .

30. The population of our city (has risen / has been risen) to nearly one million.

31. A strike has called / has been called by the factory worker.

32. They (haven’t offered / haven’t been offered) more money by the management.

Exercise 4: Fill in the gap with a suitable relative pronoun.

33. Have you got the money ………..……………..I lent you yesterday.

34. The man …………………..…… I had seen before wasn’t at the party.

35. This is a machine …………..……………..cost half a million pounds.

36. She’s the singer ………..………..has just signed a contract with a recording company.

37. I don’t understand people …………..…………. hate animals.

38. The girl …………..…….was injured in the accident is now in the hospital.

39. What was the name of the man …………..…………lent you the money.



Exercise 5: Arrange the words in each line so as to have a correct sentence.

40. How / you / English / have / learnt / long?

……………………………………..…………..…………………………………………………

41. English / I / for / learnt / years / now / have / ten

……………………………………..……..…………………………………………………….

42. started / Have / you / French / to / learnt / yet ?

……………………………………..………………..…………………………………………..

43. We / already / school / have / the / in / our / since / language / 1990 / studied

……………………………………..…………………..………………………………………..

44. Have / yet / you / London / visited

…………………………………..……………………..………………………………………..

45. Have / Scotland / you / yet / been / to

…………………………………..………………………..…………………………………….

III. Relative pronouns


      • Relative pronouns

        • Who: who là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người đứng sau danh từ chỉ người để làm chủ từ cho động từ đứng sau nó.

The man who is standing over there is Mr. Pike

        • Whom: whom là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, đứng sau danh từ chỉ người để làm tân ngữ cho động từ đứng sau nó.

Whom làm tân ngũ có thể được bỏ đi trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định.

That is the girl whom I told you about.

        • Which: which là đại từ quan hệ chỉ vật, đứng sau danh từ chỉ vật để làm chủ từ hay tân ngữ cho động từ đứng sau nó. Which làm tân ngư có thể được bỏ đi trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định.

Which còn thay thế cho cả một mệnh đề đứng trước.

Mary is late for school today, which is an strangeness.



The dress which I bought yesterday is very beautiful.

This is the book which I like best.

        • That: That là đại từ quan hệ chỉ cả người lẫn vật. That có thể được dùng thay cho who, whom, which trong mệnh đề quan hệ xác định.

This is the book that I like best.

That luôn được dùng sau các danh từ hổn hợp (gồm cả người lẫn vật), sau các đại từ everything, something, anything, all little, much, none và sau dạng so sánh nhất.

        • Whose: Whose là đại từ quan hệ chỉ sở hữu. Whose đứng sau danh từ chỉ người hoặc vật và thay cho tính từ sở hữu hoặc sở hữu cách trước danh từ. Whose luôn đi kèm với một danh từ.

John found a cat whose leg was broken.

      • Relative adverbs

        • When: When là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ thời gian, đứng sau danh từ chỉ thời gian. When được thay cho at/on/in + danh từ thời gian hoặc then.

May Day is a day when people hold a meeting.

        • Where: Where là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ nơi chốn, đứng sau danh từ chỉ nơi chốn. Where được thay thế cho at/on/in + danh từ nơi chốn hoặc there.

Do you know the country where I was born?

        • Why: Why là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ lí do. Why thay cho for which.




Relative pronoun

(Đại từ quan hệ)

Noun replaced

(Danh từ được thay thế)

Functions

(Chức năng)

Who

Danh từ chỉ người

Làm chủ từ

Whom

Danh từ chỉ người

Làm tân ngữ

Which

Danh từ chỉ vật

Làm chủ từ hoặc tân ngữ

that

Danh từ chỉ người,vật, thay thế cho which,whom,who

trong mệnh đề hạn định

Làm chủ từ hoặc tân ngữ

whose

Tính từ sở hữu hoặc sở hữu cách

Làm chủ từ hoặc tân ngữ

Exercise 6: Choose the best answer.

  1. The paintings _________are marked with small red dot have already been sold.

a. which b. who c. whose d. whom

  1. The secretary _________is sitting at the first desk on the right can give you the information.

a. who b. whom c. where d. which

  1. The shoes _________I bought were made in Italy.

a. where b. which c. who d. it

  1. I wrote to the girl _________I met at the meeting.a. whom b. whose c. which d. her

  2. The speech _________we listened last night was informative.

a. which b. that c. to which d. to that

  1. Dr. Jones is the professor _________ I told you.

a. whom b. who c. that d. all are correct

  1. The student _________parents you just met is one of my classmates.

a. who b. which c. whose d. whom

  1. The pianist _______played at the corner last night is internationally famous.

a. whose b. he c. whom d. who

  1. The woman _________lives next door to us is a doctor.

a. that b. whom c. who d. a and c

  1. Mr. Green is the man _________ I was talking about.

a. whom b. who c. which d. whose

  1. That is the place _________the accident occurred.

a. which b. where c. when d. who

  1. The restaurant _________Bob recommended was too expensive.

a. where b. which c. whose d. when

  1. There was time ____________movies cost a dime.

a. which b. that c. whose d. when

  1. Paul O’Grady, ____________died a few years ago, was a kind and loving man.

a. whom b. that c. who d. which

  1. Bogota, ____________is the capital city of Columbia, is a cosmopolitan city.

a. who b. that c. which d. where

  1. I enjoy talking to the people ____________ I had dinner with last night.

a. who b. whom c. whose d. when

  1. Sally lost her job, ____________wasn’t surprise.

a. which b. who c. whom d. that

  1. I have three brothers, ____________are professional athletes.

a. two of whom b. who of two c. two of that d. whom of two

  1. The boy to ____________ I lend my money is poor.

a. who b. that c. whom d. whose

  1. The land and the people ____________ I have met are nice.

a. that b. who c. which d. whose

Exercise 7: Choose the best answer.

46. My aunt has just bought an …………… cooker.

A. electric B. electrical C. electricity D. electrician

47. A …………is used to copy the information from a computer on to paper.

A. photocopier B. printer C. speaker D. mouse

48. This robot is …………….of doing almost anything you ask.

A. able B. possible C. capable D. could

49. The Internet helps us to interact ………other people around the world.

A. to B. from C. of D. with

49. Robert is going to be famous someday. He …………..in three movies already.

A. appeared B. had appeared C. has appeared D. has been appearing

50. The chemistry book …………..was a little expensive.

A. that I bought it B. I bought that C. what I bought D. that I bought

51. Do you remember Mrs. Huong, …………..taught us English.

A. who B. whom C. that D. which

52. I have been in this city for a long time. I …….here sixteen years ago.

A. have come B. was coming C. came D. had come

53. The man died because medical help was not helped. A doctor should …....….. immediately.

A. have called B. been called C. called D. have been called

54. What makes a computer such a ………….device?

A. miracle B. miraculous C. miraculously D. wonder

55. Computers are capable ………..doing almost anything you ask.

A. in B. at C. of D. with

56. You can relax with computer games or by listening to ……….music.

A. computer – played B. computers – played C. computer - playing D. computers – playing

57. Quoc Hoc High School, ………..we are studying, is a famous school in Vietnam.

A. which B. that C. where D. in where

58. My father has bought me an …………….computer.

A. economical B. electrical C. electric D. electronic

59. This is the last time I ……….an exercise like this.

A. do B. did C. have done D. would do

60. You may borrow my bike ……….. you are careful with it .

A. as much as B. as long as C. even if D. expected

61. What is your ……………subject at school ?

A. preferred B favourite C. liked D. rather

62. A new hospital ………………in the area lately.

A. was built B. was being built C. has built D. has been built

63. This box ………….for a long time yet .

A. hasn’t been opened B. hadn’t been opened C. wasn’t opened D. wasn’t being opened

64. The man ……….. I had seen before wasn’t at the party.

A. whom B. that C. x D. all are correct

65. A computer is a ………..typewriter which allows you to type and print any kind of document.

A. magically B. magical C. magic D. magician

66. Can you help me find the man …………saved the girl?

A. which B. whom C. who D. whose

67. None of the students ………..in our this problem yet.

A. have been solving B. have solved C. were solving D. were solved

68. All of those ………….in favour of the motion, raise your hands.

A. who are B. who is C. whom are D. whom is

69. I’d like to live in a country ………….there is plenty of snow in winter.

A. which B. where C. which D. both B&C

70. John …………….to executive manager of an advertising company.

A. has just been promoted B. has just been promoting

C. has just promoted D. is promoting

71. How much money ……………….for your vacation ?

A. are you saved B. have you been saved

C. have you saved D. were you saved

72. We ………….to Da Lat several times. It’s a foggy city.

A. were B. have been C. were being D. would go

73. Fax machines were a wonder……………at the time.

A. inventive B. invention C. discover D. discovery

74. Please ………………..the mess.

A. excuse B. mind C. remember D. miss

75. They have made a lot of progress ……..the country became independent.

A. for B. since C. before D. until

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



UNIT 6 - PRESENT PROGRESSIVE & “BE GOING TO”

I
KĐ: S + am / is / are + Ving …

PĐ: S + am / is / are + not + Ving …

NV: Am / Is ? Are + S + Ving …?
. Present continuous:

Ex: She is studying English now.

They aren’t singing at present.

What are you doing now?



Dùng để diễn đạt:

  • Hành động diễn ra ở hiện tại.

  • Dự định trong tương lai.



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