Reported speech / Indirect speech



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Chuyển đổi dữ liệu06.02.2022
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Reported speech / Indirect speech:

Cách chuyển từ câu trực tiếp sang câu gián tiếp



Thay đổi về thì

Thay đổi trạng từ chỉ thời gian và nơi chốn

Simple present

Simple past

This/ These

That/ Those

Present progressive

Past progressive

Here

There

Will

Would

Now

Then

Must

Had to

Today/ Tonight

That day/ That night

Can

Could

Tomorrow

The next day/ the following day

May

Might

Last

Before


1. IMPERATIVE (Mệnh lệnh)

+ AFFIRMATIVE (khẳng định)

S + asked + O to + V……..

told

Ex : “ Stay in bed for a few days.” The doctor said to me  The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days

+ NEGATIVE (Phủ định)

Ex : “ Don’t wait,” he said to me  He asked me not to wait

Never do that again ,” she said to her son  She told her son never to do that

2. STATEMENTS



S1 + said + ( that) + S2 + V2……………

said to + O

told + O


Ex 1: “ She is going to America for six months”  They say ( that) she is going to America for six months

“ I went home early”  She told me she had gone home early



Note: Nếu động từ tường thuật ở thì hiện tại (say) động từ trong mệnh đề tường thuật không có sự thay đổi về thì

Nếu động từ tường thuật ở quá khứ (said / told)  thì động từ trong mệnh đề tường thuật phải lùi một thì.



3. QUESTIONS

1. YES / NO questions

S1 + asked + O + if / whether + S2 + V2……………

wanted to know



Ex: She said , “ Are you thirsty , Peter ? “.  She asked Peter if (whether) he was thirsty.

He asked me, “Do you go to school every morning?“ He asked me if (whether) I went to school every morning



2. WH – QUESTIONS

S1 + asked + O + WH- word + S2 + V2……………

wanted to know



Ex: He asked , “ What have you got in your bag ?”  He asked (me) what I had got in my bag

He said , “ Mary , when is the next train ? “ He asked Mary when the next train was




Exercises

Rewrite the following sentences, using reported speech

1. “Be careful, Lan”, asked Mai

 Mai

2. “Don’t get up late, Hoa” asked Nam



 Nam

3. “Where is your school, Hoa?” asked the man

 The man

4 “ Do yo like fish, Nam?” asked the waiter.

 The waiter

5. “ I like chicken” said the woman

 The woman ………………………………………………………………………..

6. Hoa asked Nam “Where do you live?”

 Hoa

7. “Who do you live with, Mai?” asked the teacher.



The teacher

8. “What do you do every morning?, Jane” asked Tom.

Tom asked

9. “Where will you study next year?”

10. “What are you doing now?, Lan” asked Nam.



Nam

11. “What school subject do you like best, Jack?” asked the teacher.

 The teacher ……………………………………………………………

12. “It may rain tonight” said Hoa

 Hoa

13. “I will answer the phone for you, Nam” said Mai



 Mai

14. “I am going away tomorrow” said Jane

 Jane …………………………………………………………………………………………

15. “Do you like coffee, Nam?” asked Jane

 Jane

15. “Are you hungry, Hoa? Asked Tom



Tom

17. Will you use English in your future job, Nga?” asked the teacher



The teacher ………………………………………………………………………………

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