The development objective (PDO) of ‘Vietnam: Improved Land Governance and Database’ Project (VILG) is to improve efficiency and transparency in land administration services in selected provinces of Vietnam. The PDO will be achieved through the development and implementation of the national Multi-Purpose Land Information System (MPLIS), an unified system of Land Registration Offices (LROs), and a system to monitor and evaluation of land use and management, both at national and sub-national levels. The project would comprise three components, as follows:
Component 1: Strengthening Quality of Land Service Delivery. This component will support (a) modernizing and strengthening LROs to provide better land services; (b) training and providing communication systems and awareness raising for stakeholders, including implementation of ethnic minority development plans; and (c) establishing and operating a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system for land-use management. The investments under this component will support quality enhancement of land service delivery by streamlining service procedures and standards, renovating facilities, and building up the capacity of personnel working in LROs in project provinces. The component will also help monitor the implementation of land use management in accordance with Land Law 2013 and progressively respond to current and emerging economic and social demandsfor better access to land information and better land services. The component will support unification of business standards and LRO working infrastructure at provincial and district levels. In addition, it will also enhance the participation of the public, corporates, and other stakeholders through communication and awareness campaigns. The activities under this component will facilitate and operationalize the technological advances that will have been brought about in Component 2 of the project and ensure better community participation.
Component 2: Establishment of MPLIS. This component will support the development of the software by funding the IT Expert Panel and implementation of software for the MPLIS; the development and implementation of the national land database through digitizing existing maps and property rights records; verification, updating and integration of cadastral data (both cadastral maps users and land use information), land price data, land use plan data, land disputes and complaints resolution information, and key land resources thematic information. It will also finance limited cadastre surveying and mapping to improve the completeness and accuracy of the existing cadastral information (about 20% of the total project costs); and the enhancement of public engagement in land information services, including the establishment of an MPLIS land portal to facilitate public access to land information based on market demands.
Component 3: Project Management will support overall project management, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of activities and targets.
The project is expected to take place in 10 districts, towns and cities in An Giang.
1.2. Overview of An Giang’s economy – society
An Giang is located in the Mekong Delta with an area of 3,536.7 square kilometers. The Northern West is bordered with Cambodia (boundary line is nearly 100 km), the South and Southwest is bordered with Kien Giang Province, and the Southern East is bordered with Can Tho city. The growth rate reached 5.75%. Per capita income reached 32.3 million VND. The economic structure of the province's three regions: Region I - 34.95% (down 1.49% compared to 2010); Region II - 13.04% (up 0.22% compared to 2010) and Region III - 52.01% (down 1.71% compared to 2010).
An Giang has 37 different types of soil - six major groups, in which the biggest group is alluvial land – 151,600 hectares (accounts for 44.5%). Most of the land is fertile land because 72% of the land area is silt or sediment, flat topography, adaptable for many crops
There is over 583 hectares of tropical moist forests, mostly broadleaved trees, with 154 rare plants, in addition to 3,800 hectares of mangrove forest. After a period of reduced forest areas, in recent years, the province has paid more attention to increasing forest areas. The completed tasks include: land statistics; 36/37 land use plans until 2020 have been drafted, and the land use plans for the 1st period of 37 wards and townships are approved. Under land use planning of 119 new rural communes, the 35 pending survey works are completed.
The total population is 2,151,000; and the population density is 608 persons/km². An Giang is the most populated province in the Mekong Delta region. There are 24,011 ethnic minorities households, with 114,632 people - 5,17% of the entire province’s population.
For An Giang province, the ethnic minority is mainly the Khmer people which accounts for a significant proportion of the population. They live in 23 communes and towns in the two districts of Tri Ton and Tinh Bien. According to the 2014 statistics, the province had 113,000 ethnic minorities people, representing 5.2% of the provincial population, including the Khmer who accounted for 4.2% of the provincial population, followed by Cham (accounting 0.67%), and Hoa (accounting for 0.37%).
The Cham ethnic minority practices Muslim (Islam): 3,273 households with 15,197 inhabitants, representing 0.67% of the provincial population, concentrated in An Phu and Tan Chau districts, while the rest live in Chau Phu and Chau Thanh. The Cham people are concentrated in a village; there are 9 hamlets in 8 communes in 5 districts, towns and cities. There is one oratory church in each Cham village headed by the Muslim community elected representative. From 2004, the Board of Muslims (Islam) in An Giang province was founded with two operating models: the Board of Representatives Muslim community (Muslims) in the province and the cathedral at the grassroots level through which ethnic Cham province gradually strengthen and empower its position in relation to the government at all levels, with organizations and individuals at home and abroad, contributing to improving the community material and spiritual life.
Table 1.1: The Khmer populations in An Giang (2014)
No of households
Tri Tôn town
Ba Chúc town
Chi Lăng town
Nhà Bàng town
Tịnh Biên town
According to the 2014 data, there were 19,007 Khmer households, with 81,071 people, accounting for 3.76% of the provincial population, in which there were about 5,623 poor Khmer households with 21,831 inhabitants, concentrated in difficult and remote communes .