Kế hoạch khung dân tộc thiểu số của tỉnh an giang



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SFG1731 V2 REV
THE ETHNIC MINORITIES DEVELOPMENT PLAN

OF AN GIANG PROVINCE
I. OVERVIEW

1.1. Project description



The development objective (PDO) of ‘Vietnam: Improved Land Governance and Database’ Project (VILG) is to improve efficiency and transparency in land administration services in selected provinces of Vietnam. The PDO will be achieved through the development and implementation of the national Multi-Purpose Land Information System (MPLIS), an unified system of Land Registration Offices (LROs), and a system to monitor and evaluation of land use and management, both at national and sub-national levels. The project would comprise three components, as follows:

  • Component 1: Strengthening Quality of Land Service Delivery. This component will support (a) modernizing and strengthening LROs to provide better land services; (b) training and providing communication systems and awareness raising for stakeholders, including implementation of ethnic minority development plans; and (c) establishing and operating a monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system for land-use management. The investments under this component will support quality enhancement of land service delivery by streamlining service procedures and standards, renovating facilities, and building up the capacity of personnel working in LROs in project provinces. The component will also help monitor the implementation of land use management in accordance with Land Law 2013 and progressively respond to current and emerging economic and social demandsfor better access to land information and better land services. The component will support unification of business standards and LRO working infrastructure at provincial and district levels. In addition, it will also enhance the participation of the public, corporates, and other stakeholders through communication and awareness campaigns. The activities under this component will facilitate and operationalize the technological advances that will have been brought about in Component 2 of the project and ensure better community participation.



  • Component 2: Establishment of MPLIS. This component will support the development of the software by funding the IT Expert Panel and implementation of software for the MPLIS; the development and implementation of the national land database through digitizing existing maps and property rights records; verification, updating and integration of cadastral data (both cadastral maps users and land use information), land price data, land use plan data, land disputes and complaints resolution information, and key land resources thematic information. It will also finance limited cadastre surveying and mapping to improve the completeness and accuracy of the existing cadastral information (about 20% of the total project costs); and the enhancement of public engagement in land information services, including the establishment of an MPLIS land portal to facilitate public access to land information based on market demands.




  • Component 3: Project Management will support overall project management, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of activities and targets.


The project is expected to take place in 10 districts, towns and cities in An Giang.

1.2. Overview of An Giang’s economy – society

An Giang is located in the Mekong Delta with an area of 3,536.7 square kilometers. The Northern West is bordered with Cambodia (boundary line is nearly 100 km), the South and Southwest is bordered with Kien Giang Province, and the Southern East is bordered with Can Tho city. The growth rate reached 5.75%. Per capita income reached 32.3 million VND. The economic structure of the province's three regions: Region I - 34.95% (down 1.49% compared to 2010); Region II - 13.04% (up 0.22% compared to 2010) and Region III - 52.01% (down 1.71% compared to 2010).

An Giang has 37 different types of soil - six major groups, in which the biggest group is alluvial land – 151,600 hectares (accounts for 44.5%). Most of the land is fertile land because 72% of the land area is silt or sediment, flat topography, adaptable for many crops

There is over 583 hectares of tropical moist forests, mostly broadleaved trees, with 154 rare plants, in addition to 3,800 hectares of mangrove forest. After a period of reduced forest areas, in recent years, the province has paid more attention to increasing forest areas. The completed tasks include: land statistics; 36/37 land use plans until 2020 have been drafted, and the land use plans for the 1st period of 37 wards and townships are approved. Under land use planning of 119 new rural communes, the 35 pending survey works are completed.

The total population is 2,151,000; and the population density is 608 persons/km². An Giang is the most populated province in the Mekong Delta region. There are 24,011 ethnic minorities households, with 114,632 people - 5,17% of the entire province’s population.

For An Giang province, the ethnic minority is mainly the Khmer people which accounts for a significant proportion of the population. They live in 23 communes and towns in the two districts of Tri Ton and Tinh Bien. According to the 2014 statistics, the province had 113,000 ethnic minorities people, representing 5.2% of the provincial population, including the Khmer who accounted for 4.2% of the provincial population, followed by Cham (accounting 0.67%), and Hoa (accounting for 0.37%).



The Cham ethnic minority practices Muslim (Islam): 3,273 households with 15,197 inhabitants, representing 0.67% of the provincial population, concentrated in An Phu and Tan Chau districts, while the rest live in Chau Phu and Chau Thanh. The Cham people are concentrated in a village; there are 9 hamlets in 8 communes in 5 districts, towns and cities. There is one oratory church in each Cham village headed by the Muslim community elected representative. From 2004, the Board of Muslims (Islam) in An Giang province was founded with two operating models: the Board of Representatives Muslim community (Muslims) in the province and the cathedral at the grassroots level through which ethnic Cham province gradually strengthen and empower its position in relation to the government at all levels, with organizations and individuals at home and abroad, contributing to improving the community material and spiritual life.

Table 1.1: The Khmer populations in An Giang (2014)


No

Commune

District

No of households

Population

1

Tri Tôn town

Tri Tôn

714

2852

2

Ba Chúc town

Tri Tôn

227

877

3

Lê Trì

Tri Tôn

790

2949

4

Châu Lăng

Tri Tôn

2341

10213

5

Lương Phi

Tri Tôn

51

210

6

Núi Tô

Tri Tôn

1233

5060

7

An Tức

Tri Tôn

1053

4341

8

Cô Tô

Tri Tôn

1064

4302

9

Ô Lâm

Tri Tôn

2882

11529

10

Chi Lăng town

Tịnh Biên

194

902

11

Nhà Bàng town

Tịnh Biên

45

225

12

An Phú

Tịnh Biên

163

784

13

Tân Lợi

Tịnh Biên

1084

4975

14

Tịnh Biên town

Tịnh Biên

256

1343

15

Nhơn Hưng

Tịnh Biên

40

180

16

Vĩnh Trung

Tịnh Biên

1276

6105

17

Văn Giáo

Tịnh Biên

1353

6020

18

Thới Sơn

Tịnh Biên

118

76

19

An Nông

Tịnh Biên

58

416

20

Tân Lập

Tịnh Biên

3

10

21

An Cư

Tịnh Biên

1875

8052

22

Núi Voi

Tịnh Biên

71

342

23

An Hảo

Tịnh Biên

1471

6390










19007

81071

According to the 2014 data, there were 19,007 Khmer households, with 81,071 people, accounting for 3.76% of the provincial population, in which there were about 5,623 poor Khmer households with 21,831 inhabitants, concentrated in difficult and remote communes .

Table 1.2: Chăm location in An Giang (2014)


No

District

Commune

No of households

Population

1

Tân Châu town

Châu Phong

1.239

5.323

2

Châu Phú

Khánh Hòa

274

1.348

3

An Phú

Nhơn Hội

444

1657

4

An Phú

Vĩnh Trường

549

2.012

5

An Phú

Đa Phước

453

1.982

6

An Phú

Quốc Thái

548

1.816

7

An Phú

Khánh Bình

154

671


Table 2.1: List of villages with concentrated Khmer populations


No

District

Commune

Village

1

Tri Tôn

Tri Tôn township

Khóm 1

2







Khóm 2

3







Khóm 3

4







Khóm 4

5







Khóm 5

6







Khóm 6

7




Ba Chúc township

khóm An Bình

8







Khóm An Hòa A

9







Khóm An Hòa B

10







Khóm Thanh Lương

11







Khóm Núi Nước

12







Khóm An Định A

13







Khóm An Định B

14




Lê Trì

An Thạnh

15







Trung An

16







Sóc Tức

17




Châu Lăng

An Lợi

18







An Hòa

19







An Lộc

20







An Thuận

21







Cây Me

22







Tà On

23







Rò Leng

24







Phnôm Pi

25







Bằng Rò

26




Lương Phi

An Thành

27







An Nhơn

28







Tà Miệt

29







An Ninh

30







Tà Dung

31







Sà Lôn

32







An Lương

33







Ô Tà Sóc

34




Lương An Trà

Giồng Cát

35







Cà Na

36







Cây Gòn

37







Ninh Phước

38







Phú Lâm

39




Núi Tô

Tô Thủy

40







Tô Thuận

41







Tô Trung

42







Tô Hạ

43




An Tức

Ninh Thạnh

44







Ninh Lợi

45







Ninh Hòa

46







Ninh Thuận

47




Cô Tô

Tô Bình

48







Tô Lợi

49







Tô An

50







Tô Phước

51







Huệ Đức

52







Sóc Triết

53




Ô Lâm

Phước Long

54







Phước Lôc

55







Phước Bình

56







Phước An

57







Phước Thọ

58







Phước Lợi

59

Tịnh Biên

Chi Lăng town

Voi 1

60







Voi 2

61







Khóm 3

62




Nhà Bàng town

Thới Hòa

63







Khóm Sơn Tây

64







Hòa Hưng

65




An Phú

Phú Nhất

66







Xuân Hiệp

67







Phú Hòa

68




Tân Lợi

Tân Thuận

69







Tân Long

70




Tịnh Biên town

Xuân Hóa

71







Xuân Phú

72




Nhơn Hưng

Tây Hưng

73







Trung Hưng

74




Vĩnh Trung

Vĩnh Hạ

75







Vĩnh Tâm

76




Văn Giáo

Đây Cà Hom

77







Sốc Khom

78







Măng Rò

79




Thới Sơn

Tây Sơn

80







Sơn Tây

81




An Nông

Phú Nông

82







An Biên

83







Phú Cường

84




Tân Lập

Tân Thành

85







Tân An

86




An Cư

Soài Chết

87







Chơn Cô

88




Núi Voi

Núi Voi

In the above communes and villages, a majority of Khmer households are residing in rural, mountainous and border areas.

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