Exercises exercise Complete the sentences with past simple form of the verb in brackets



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EXERCISES

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences with past simple form of the verb in brackets.

1. Aztec civilization (develop) …………….in the Valley of Mexico, 7500 feet above the sea level.

2. The Aztecs (leave)……………their own land of Aztlan at some time during the 12th or 13th century.

3. they (believe)……………that Huitzilopochtli their war god (want)…………them to search for a new land.

4. They (arrive)……………in the Valley of Mexico during the 12th or 13th century AD.

5. They (build)…………….their capital city, Tenochtitlan, on an island in Lake Texcoco.

6. They (plant)……………trees on the island to make the land better, (work)…………..hard and (improve)……………the land.

7. When the Spanish (arrive)…………..in 1519, Montezuma, the Aztec ruler, (think)…………that Cortez was a returning god.

8. When the Spanish (see)…………….the Aztecs’ gold, they (decide)………….to conquer the city.

9. Later they (kill)…………Montezuma, (defeat)………………the Aztecs and (destroy)………..Aztec religion and culture.



Exercise 2. Rewrite each statement about the playwright William Shakespeare as a yes/no question.

1. (Topic) He came from a rich family. kết quả hình ảnh cho william shakespeare

Q (Question) Did he come from a rich family?

A (Answer) No, not really. His family was a glove maker.

2. He grew up in London.

Q

A No, in Stratford upon Avon, a small town about 160km from London.



3. He went to school.

Q

A Yes, we think so.



4. He knew Latin.

Q

A Yes, he learnt Latin at school, and some Greek as well.



5. He got married.

Q

A Yes, he was only 18 when he married Anne Hathaway, aged 26.



6. They had children.

Q

A Yes, a daughter Susanna, a twins, a boy Hamlet and a girl Judith.



7. He began writing plays in Stratford.

Q

A We don’t really know. We only know that after 1592 he was an actor and writer in London.



8. He wrote 37 plays all by himself.

Q

A Well, we know he wrote two plays together with John Fletcher. Some people think that all his plays were really written by somebody else.



9. He made up all the characters and plots of his plays.

Q

A Actually no. He borrowed lots of ideas from other writers. This was quite usual in his time.



10. He became rich and famous.

Q

A He certainly became quite rich, and his plays were popular. But he only became really famous in the 18th century and later.



Exercise 3. Underline the correct form.

1. While he took/was taking a bath, Archimedes discovered/was discovering the principles of density and buoyancy.

2. When Edouard Benedictus, a French scientist, worked/was working in his laboratory, he dropped/was dropping a glass bottle which had some plastic inside – and invented/was inventing safety glass.

3. Columbus arrived/was arriving in America while he tried/was trying to reach the Far East.

4. Alexander Fleming discovered/was discovering penicillin by accident while he looked/was looking at some old experiments.

5. While Hiram Bingham climbed/was climbing in the mountains of Peru in 1911, he discovered/was discovering the lost city of Macchu Picchu.

6. While Isaac Newton sat/was sitting under an apple tree, an apple fell/was falling on his head, and he understood/was understanding gravity.

7. While Dr Harry Coover tried/was trying to invent a new kind of plastic, he made/was making a very soft substance which stuck/was sticking things together. It was Superglue.

8. While he observed/was observing the Moon through his telescope, Galileo realized/was realizing that it had mountains and craters.

Exercise 4. Complete the text with the past time or past continuous form of the verbs in brackets.

The Vikings in America

kết quả hình ảnh cho the vikings in america

According to Viking records, around the year 1000, while some Viking sailors 1.(look for)…………..the coast of Greenland, they 2.(reach)…………..the eastern coast of America. While they 3.(live)………….there, they 4.(try)………….to trade with the local Native Americans, known by the Vikings as Skraelings, but in the end the Native Americans 5.(fight)……………them and 6.(drive)………….them out. After several attempts to return, the Vikings 7.(give up)………….. In 1968, while some archaeologists 8.(work)………….in Newfoundland, they 9.(discover)…………….the remains of one of the Viking settlements, and 10.(prove)……….that this story was true.



KEY

Exercise 1.

1. developed

2. left

3. believed - wanted



4. arrived

5. built


6. planted – worked – improved

7. arrived – thought

8. saw – decided

9. killed – defeated – destroyed



Exercise 2.

2. Did he grow up in London?

3. Did he go to school?

4. Did he know Latin?

5. Did he get married?

6. Did they have children?

7. Did he begin writing plays in Stratford?

8. Did he write 37 plays all by himself?

9. Did he make up all the characters and plots of his plays?

10. Did he become rich and famous?



Exercise 3.

1. was taking – discovered

Khi một hành động đang xảy ra có một hành động khác chen vào, chúng ta sẽ dùng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn với hành động dài hơn, và quá khứ đơn với hành động chen vào, ngắn hơn.

2. was working – dropped – invented

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

3. arrived – was trying

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

4. discovered – was looking

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

5. was climbing – discovered

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

6. was sitting – fell – understood

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

7. was trying – made – stuck

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

8. was observing – realized

Tương tự với trường hợp trên.

Exercsie 4.

1 were looking for

2 reached

3 were living

4 tried

5 fought


6 drove

7 gave up

8 were working

9 discovered

10 proved

Đoạn văn trên chủ yếu giúp các bạn áp dụng trường hợp một hành động dài hơn đang xảy thì một hành động khác chen vào. Các bạn có thể nhận biết trường hợp này bằng từ While hoặc nghĩa của câu. Đây là cấu trúc cũng thường được sử dụng trong IELTS Speaking để miêu tả một sự kiện. Do đó, bạn hãy nắm vững cách chia động từ quá khứ trong trường hợp này.





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