Unit 1 : friendship

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Tình bạn

1. acquaintance(n) người quen 6. enthusiasm (n) lòng nhiệt tình

2. incapable (of) không thể 7. loyalty (n) lòng trung thành, tính kiên định

be loyal to trung thành

3. unselfish (a) không ích kỷ 8. suspicious (about/of) (a) nghi ngờ

suspicion (n) sự nghi ngờ

4. give-and-take (a) sự cho và nhận 9. rumour(n) tin đồn, lời đồn

5. constancy (n) tính kiên định, kiên trì 10. gossip(n) tin đồn nhảm

11. quality (n) phẩm chất 16. caring (a) chu đáo

12. mutual (a) lẫn nhau 17. hospitable (a) hiếu khách

13. sympathy(n) sự thông cảm 18. helpful(a) đỡ đần

14. be concerned with (v) có liên quan đến 19. sincere (a) thành thật

15. secret (n) bí mật 20. humourous (a) hài hước

sense of humour (n) tính hài hước

21. quick-witted (a) nhanh trí 26. move (v) dời, di chuyển

22. apartment building (n) tòa trung cư 27. ride a motorbike (v) chạy xe máy

23. physical appearance (n) vẻ bề ngoài 28. play (n) vở kịch

24. personalities (n) = characteristics 29. help s.o through (v)giúp vượt qua khó khăn

(n) tính cách

25. Residential Area (n) khu dân cư 30. favourite (a) ưa thích


1. Infinitive with to

+ to express purpose.

+ after some verbs : manage, offer, decide, hope, promise, agree, plan, refuse, threaten, arrange, fail, seem, appear, tend, pretend, wish, would like, …..

+ after some structures :

It takes/ took + O + time+ to inf

too… to / enough … to

It + be + adj + to inf

2. Infinitive without to

+ after make , let, help

+ after modal verbs :can, could, will, should,….

+ after sense verbs: hear, feel, watch, see, notice,…

+ after had better, would rather, …

C. Exercises

I. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

1. A. cheese B. children C. chemical D. teacher

2. A. game B. bridge C. against D. garage

3. A. holiday B. hospital C. constancy D. joke

4. A. life B. decide C. lived D. provide

5. A. house B. hour C. horse D. how

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

1. A. loyalty B. constancy C. acquaintance D. confidence

2. A. unselfish B. sympathy C. quality D. principle

3. A. loyal B. mutual C. secret D. sincere

4. A. suspicion B. introduce C. successful D. appearance

5. A. friendship B. affair C. sorrow D. special

III. Fill in the blanks with one suitable word from the box.

acquaintance mutual give-and-take suspicious

loyal to unselfish incapable of friend

1. Good friendship should be based on ____________________ understanding.

2. The children seem to be ___________________ working quietly by themselves.

3. He is a(n) ____________man.He always helps people without thinking of his own benefit.

4. A(n) ____________________ is a person one simply knows, and a friend is a person with whom one has a deeper relationship.

5. Despite many changes in his life, he remained ________________his working principles.

IV. Mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. My friend often shows her ______ whenever I have troubles.

A. sympathy B. sympathize C. sympathetic D. sympathetically

2. He does not know much about the project but he is very ______.

A. enthusiastic B. enthusiast C. enthusiasm D. enthusiastically

3. Daisy is so ______. She only cares about herself, not about other people.

A. helpful B. selfish C. loyal D. talkative

4. Although we are classmate, I do not have a ______ relationship with him.

A. aimless B. unselfish C. special D. constant

5. Unselfishness is the very essence of friendship.

A. romantic part B. important part C. difficult part D. interesting part

6. I always feel ________ when telling John my secrets.

A. embarrassing B. safe C. shamefully D. securely

7. One of the qualities for true _________ is constancy.

A. friend B. friendly C. friendship D. friendliness

8. My brother has _________ a new interest with enthusiasm.

A. taken up B. taken after C. brought up D. looked after

V. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets.

1.I didn't have enough time _________________________ (finish) my work yesterday.

2. She made her son _________________________ (wash) the windows before he could go outside _________________________ (play)with his friends.

3. We both heard him _________________________ (say) that he was leaving.

4. It made him angry _________________________ (wait) for people who were late.

5. I couldn't understand what the passage said, so I had my friend _________________________ (translate) it for me.

VI. Mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

  1. She's made friends ________ a little girl who lives next door.

A. to B. of C. by D. with

  1. He finds it ________ lasting friendships.

A. difficult to make B. difficulty in making

C. is difficult to make D. difficult making

  1. I got my friend ________ her car for the weekend.

A. to let me to borrow B. to let me borrow

C. let me borrow D. let me to borrow

4. The skiers would rather ________ through the mountains than go by bus.

A. to travel on train B. traveled by train

C. travel by train D. traveling by the train

5. The aim of the culture festival is ________ friendship between the two countries

A. promote B. promoting C. to promote D. being promoted

6. I was delighted _________ my old friends again.

A. to see B. seeing C. seen D. to be seen

7. I can make myself _________ pretty well in English.

A. understand B. to understand C. understanding D. understood

  1. Instead of buying a new pair of shoes, I had my old ones _________

A. repair B. to repair C. repairing D. repaired

  1. It's possible _________ a train across Canada.

A. take B. to take C. taking D. to be taken

10. If we leave now for our trip, we can drive half the distance before we stop _______lunch.

A. having B. to have C. having had D. for having

VII. Mark A, B, C, or D to show the underlined part that needs correction in each question.

1. Clay that has been heated or fired in a kiln cannot to be softened again.


2. I’m sure he is incapable in running a mile in four minutes.


3. It took her a long time getting accustomed to the new environment .


4. We saw him opening the door and go into the house.


5. We are happy knowing that you have won a scholarship to study abroad.


VIII. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions.

My oldest friend

My oldest friend is Sally. We met thirty years ago when we were both five years old.It was my first day at school so I was very unhappy and I wanted my mother. Sally gave me some candy and we became friends immidiately. We were together nearly everyday until we finished school twelve years later.

Then I went to college, but Sally didn’t. She got married when she was just eighteen and had three children. I studied for four years because I wanted to be an accountant.I had a lot of new friends, and I didn’t see Sally very often. Sometimes we didn’t see each other for months, but we often talk on the telephone.

Now I’m married, too. I live near Sally and we meet every week. She’s a student now, and I have a baby, so we can give each other a lot of advice.

1. What’s your oldest friend’s name?



2. When did you meet her?



3. How did you make friends?



4. How did you often make a contact with each other?



5. Can you give each other a lot of advice?



IX. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks.

To many people, their friends are the most important in their life. Really good friends always ____(1)____ joys and sorrows with you and never turn their backs on you. Your best friend may be someone you have known all your life or someone you have grown____(2)______with.

There are all sorts of things that can ______(3)______ about this special relationship. It may be the result of enjoying the same activities and sharing experiences. Most of us have met someone that we have immediately felt relaxed with as if we had known them for ages. However, it really takes you years to get to know someone well _____(4)______ to consider your best friend.

To the majority of us, this is someone we trust completely and _____(5)______ understands us better than anyone else. It’s the person you can tell him or her your most intimate secrets.

1. A. share B. give C. spend D. have

2. A. through B. on C. in D. up

3. A. bring B. cause C. result D. provide

4. A. too B. enough C. so D. such

5. A. whom B. which C. who D. whose

X. Mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer or the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

1. My mother never allows me to go out alone at night.

A. My mother never lets me go out alone at night.

B. I was allowed to go out alone at night.

C. My mother never goes out alone at night.

D. My mother and I usually go out alone at night.

2. They don’t let us cycle in the park.

A. We are not let cycle in the park

B. We are not let to cycle in the park

C. We are not allowed to cycle in the park

D. We are not allowed cycle in the park

3. He left in the morning and I saw it.

A. I saw him leave in the morning

B. I saw him leaving in the morning

C. I saw him left in the morning

D. I saw him was leaving in the morning

4. He finds it easy to make friends.

A. It is very difficult for him to make friends

B. He doesn’t have any difficulty in making friends

C. People never find it easy to make friends with him

D. Making friends seem to be difficult for him.

5. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

A. Only in dangerous circumstances we should need a friend.

B. A time friend never helps us in dangerous situations.

C. Indeed, we need a true friend in every situation.

D. A friend who helps us in difficult situations is a true friend.


Kinh nghiệm bản thân

1. embarassing (adj.) làm lúng túng 6. at once ngay lập tức

2. experience (n) kinh nghiệm, sự từng trải 7. glance (v) liếc nhìn, liếc nhanh

3. floppy (adj.) mềm, nhẹ 8. sneaky (adj) vụng trộm, lén lút

4. cotton (n) bông, sợi, vải bông 9. imagine (v) tưởng tượng, hình dung

5. idol (n) thần tượng 10. make a fuss làm ầm ĩ lên

11. reply (v) trả lời; đáp lại 16. affect (v) ảnh hưởng; tác động đến

12. shy (adj.) nhút nhát, e thẹn, rụt rè 17. appreciate (v) đánh giá cao

13. complain (v) kêu ca, than phiền 18. attitude (n) thái độ

14. imitate (v) bắt chước, làm theo 19. memorable (adj.) đáng ghi nhớ

15. discover (v) khám phá ra, tìm ra 20. unforgettable (adj.) không thể quên được

21. involve (v) gồm, làm dính líu 26. replace (v) thay thế, thay chỗ của

22. realise (v) thấy rõ, hiểu rõ, nhận thức rõ 27. embrace (v) ôm chặt, ghì chặt

23. after all cuối cùng, sau hết 28. escape (v) thoát được; tránh được

24. scream (v) gào thét, hét lên 29. protect (v) bảo vệ, bảo hộ, che chở

25. terrified (adj) khiếp sợ, rất kinh hãi 30. rescue(v) giải thoát; cứu; cứu nguy


Past Tenses (các thì Quá khứ)

1. The Past simple (Thì Quá khứ đơn):

Đối với động từ “to be”

: you / we / they + were

I / he / she / it + was

: you/we / they + weren’t

I / he/ she / it + wasn’t

NV: Were + you / we / they?

Was + I / he / she / it ?

Ex: I was at school yesterday.

Were you at home yesterday?

Đối với động từ thường:


: S + V2/-ed

: S + DIDN’T + Vo

NV: DID + S + Vo ?

Usage: Dùng để diễn tả hành động xảy ra và chấm dứt trong quá khứ, có thời gian xác định. (so sánh với thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

Ex: Uncle Ho died in 1969

Adverbs: ago (cách đây), last (rồi), yesterday (hôm qua), in+ năm trong quá khứ

2. The Past perfect tense (thì Quá khứ hoàn thành):


: S + HAD + V3/-ED

: S + HADN’T + V3/-ED

NV: HAD + S + V3/-ED ?

Usage: dùng để diễn tả hành động xảy ra trước một hành động khác, hoặc trước một thời điểm trong

quá khứ.

Ex: We had lived in Ho Chi Minh city before 1990.

Adverbs: before (trước khi), after ( sau khi), when (khi)

* Note: Khi trong câu có hai hành động quá khứ:

Hành động xảy ra trước ta dùng thì quá khứ hoàn thành.

Hành động xảy ra sau ta dùng thì quá khứ đơn.

Ex: After Minh had finished his homework, he went to bed.

3.The Past continous tense (thì Quá khứ tiếp diễn):


: S + Was/ Were + V-ing­

: S + Was/ Were + Not + V-ing­

NV: Was/ Were + S + V-Ing­ ?

Usage: Dùng để diễn tả:

Hành động đang xảy ra vào một thời điểm xác định trong quá khứ.

Ex: we were doing English exercise at 7 o’clock yesterday.

Hành động đang xảy ra ở quá khứ (hành động dài) thì có một hành động khác chen vào (hành động ngắn). Hành động dài: dùng thì quá khứ tiếp diễn. Hành động ngắn: dùng thì quá khứ đơn.

Ex: when I was going to school yesterday, I saw an accident.

Hai hành động xảy ra song song cùng một lúc ở qua khứ.

Ex: Yesterday, while I was watching TV, my mother was cooking.


I. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest.

1. A. language B. happen C. experience D. know

2. A. sing B. glance C. turn D. sneaky

3. A. played B. turned C. watched D. learned

4. A. money B. around C. down D. found

5. A. chemistry B. school C. character D. machine

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

1. A. experience B. embarrass C. floppy D. embrace

2. A. idol B. video C. birthday D. imagine

3. A. cotton B. happen C. extreme D. quickly

4. A. involve B. campaign C. exactly D. table

5. A. decision B. education C. instruction D. immediately

III. Fill in the blanks with one suitable word from the box.

appreciate imagine without floppy

experience idols decision embarrassing

1. After being seriously ill, you will ___________________ your health more.

2. He was an impolite boy. He left the house ________________saying a word.

3. Nowadays, teenagers always love and imitate their own __________in different ways.

4. Remember to buy some _______________disks for me when you go shopping.

5. Up to now we they not made a _______________whether they will go or not.

IV. Mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. That _______ taught me a lesson & make me study harder.

A. way B. letter C. experience D. lake

2. I’ m sorry for making such a _______ about the noise.

A. trace B. mark C. fuss D. emphasis

3. It is a truly _______ occasion.

A. memorable B. memory C. memorably D. memorized

4. My _______ view is that the students should be doing more work outside the classroom.

A. person B. personal C. personable D. personably

5. The fire took many things _______ me.

A. in B. on C. about D. from

6. A person or thing that is loved and admired very much is the _______.

A. ideal B. idea C. idol D. fan

7. A short part of a film or movie that is shown separately is called a _______.

A. picture B. clip C. news D. cartoon

8. The children were _______ about opening their presents.

A. interested B. fond C. keen D. excited

V. Put the verbs in parentheses into the correct tense.

1. I suddenly remembered that I (forget) ________________________my keys.

2. While Diana (watch) ____________________________ her favourite TV programme, there (be) ___________________ a power cut.

3. By the time Sheila got back, Chris (go) _____________________________ home.

4. David (eat) _____________________ Japanese food before, so he knew what to order.

5. When I (do) _____________ some shopping yesterday, I (see) ________ your friend.

6. What ___________ you (do)________when I (come) _______ to your office yesterday?

VI. Mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1. It was midnight. Outside it _______ very hard.

A. rains B. rained C. had rained D. was raining

2. She _______ a bath at seven o’clock last night.

A. was having B. had C. has had D. has been having

3. He _______ me to the party yesterday.

A. invited B. has invited C. was inviting D. has been inviting

4. Andrew _______ the test before so he _______ it very easy.

A. did/ had found B. had done/ found

C. was doing/ found D. did/ was founding

5. You _______ your new hat when I _______ you yesterday.

A. were wearing/ had met B. wore/ had met

C. wore/ was meeting D. were wearing/ met

6. A burglar _______ into the house while we _______ television.

A. broke/ were watching B. broke/ watched

C. had broken/ watched D. broke/ had watched

7. When I _______ home, I _______ a phone call.

A. got/ received B. was getting/ was receiving

C. got/ had received D. had got/ had received

8. They _______ small cups of coffee after they _______ dinner.

A. had drunk/ finished B. drank/ finished

C. were drinking/ finished D. drank/ had finished

9. When he _______ at the station, his train _______.

A. arrived/ left B. arrived/ had left

C. had arrived/ left D. had arrived/ left

10. While I _______ for him to call up, he _______ a good time in the bar.

A. waited – was having B. have waited – was having

C. was waiting – have had D. was waiting – was having

VII. Mark A, B, C, or D to show the underlined part that needs correction in each question.

1. While I did my homework, I had a good idea.


2. Many of the stories are based at rumor.


3. John’s friends had celebrated a farewell party for him last Sunday.


4. After she bought herself a new motorbike, she sold her bicycle.


5. She did not know where most of the people in the room are from.


VIII. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Last year I went to Nepal for three months to work in a hospital. I think it's important to see as much of a country as you can, but it is difficult to travel around Nepal. The hospital let me have a few days’ holiday, so I decided to go into the jungle and I asked a Nepalese guide, Kamal Rai, to go with me.

We started preparing for the trip at six in the morning, and left camp with two elephants carrying our equipment. It was hot but Kamal made me wear shoes and trousers to protect me from snakes. In the jungle there was a lot of wildlife, but we were trying to find big cats, especially tigers. We climbed onto the elephants' backs to get better view, but it is unusual to find tigers in the afternoon because they sleep in the heat of the day.

Then, in the distance, we saw a tiger, and Kamal told me to be very quiet. We crept nearer and found a dead deer, still bleeding. This was the tiger's lunch! Suddenly I started to feel very frightened.

We heard the tiger a second before we saw it. It jumped out like a flash of lightning, five hundred kilos plus and four meters long. I looked into its eyes and face, and saw right down the animal's throat. It grabbed Kamal's leg between its teeth, but I managed to pull Kamal away. One of our elephants ran at the tiger and made it go back into the grass, so we quickly escaped to let the tiger eat its lunch. That night it was impossible to sleep!

1. The writer went to Nepal ________.

A. for holiday B. for treatment C. for business D. on tour

2. When having a few days off, he decided to go into ________.

A. the remote villages B. the mountains

C. the seaside D. the tropical forest

3. It's difficult to find tigers in the afternoon because ________.

A. they usually sleep at this time of day

B. it's so hot at this time

C. the elephants' back wasn't high enough to get view

D. tigers hardly hunt in the heat of the day

4. The tiger ________.

A. was like a flash of light B. saw them a second before they saw it

C. jumped out very fast D. jumped out of the grass at about four meters.

5. Which of the followings is not true according to the passage?

A. Tigers are members of the cat family.

B. The writer was made to wear shoes and trousers to protect him from the heat of the day.

C. Kamal narrowly escaped being killed.

D. It was such a terrible experience that the writer couldn't sleep that night.

IX. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the blanks.

When the bus (1) _______ in a small square, Maria was reading her magazine and didn’t realize that she had arrived at her destination. “This is Santa Teresa,” Martin said. “You’ve arrived home!” I suppose your cousin will be (2) _______ for us. Come on. I’ll carry the bags.” Maria thought, “All those years when I (3) _______ in New York, I used to dream if this moment. And now it’s real, I can’t believe it! Here I am, I’m really standing in the square.” Santa Teresa was Maria’s birthplace, but she often left the town at the age of six. She had some (4) _______ of the town, and some photos, but did she belong here still? She didn’t know. Nobody was waiting in the square. Perhaps her cousin Pablo hadn’t received Maria’s letter. “What are we going to do now?” asked Martin. “There isn’t (5) _______ a hotel here!”

1. A. reached B. got C. stopped D. came

2. A. expecting B. waiting C. welcoming D. receiving

3. A. was living B. have lived C. live D. am living

4. A. recall B. memories C. thinking D. remembering

5 A. even B. hardly C. too D. very

X. Arrange these words or groups of words in the correct order.

1. to / play/ five / he / piano / started / the / years / ago



2. letter / the/ , / opening / the / was / telephone / I / rang / while



3. been / we / for / two / hours / for / have / waiting / you



4. window / Tommy / to / thrown / admitted / the / through / rock / the / be



5. Jack / at / me / whenever / avoided /, / met / we / looking




Một bữa tiệc


1. anniversary (n) lễ kỉ niệm 6. cosiness (n) sự ấm cúng

2. blow out (phr v) thổi tắt 7. give up (phr v) từ bỏ

3. clap (v) vỗ tay 8. host (n)(v) chủ nhà/ tổ chức

4. cosy (adj.) ấm cúng 9. hostess (n) bà chủ nhà

5. cosily (adv) một cách ấm cúng 10. mess (n) tình trạng hỗn độn

11.indifferent (adj.) thờ ơ 16. slip out (phr v) lỡ lời

12.indifferently (adv) một cách thờ ơ 17. speeding(n)sự chạy quá tốc độ quy định

13. indifference (n) sự lãnh đạm 18. thrilled (adj.) xúc động

14. outfit (n) quần áo 19. thriller (n) phim ly kỳ

15. prominently (adv) một cách dễ thấy 20. tidy up (phr v) sắp xếp gọn gàng

21.golden anniversary (n) đám cưới vàng 26.demand (v) yêu cầu

22. now (adv) lúc bấy giờ 27. divorced (adj.) đã ly dị

23. silver anniversary (n) đám cưới bạc 28. icing (n) kem lòng trắng trứng

24. virtual (adj) thực sự 29. milestone (n) sự kiện quan trọng

25. virtually (adv) hầu như 30. ticket (n) giấy phạt


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