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V. Give the correct form of words :

1. He’s a famous ___________________( science )

2.He is one of the famous ____________( science )

3.He is fond of _____________________( science )

4.He often researches ___________field ( science )

5. He solveed the problem ____________( science )

6.English is a/an ____________language in the world ( nation ) .

7.English is a/an ­­­­­­­­­­­_____________languagge in American ( nation )

8.What is your _________? I’m American( nation )

9.There are many ______________ ways in communication ( different )

10.That road is bad. It seems ___________ for us to drive on it ( safe )

11.It is time governments and international __________did something to help them ( organise )

12.The population of the world has been __________faster and faster ( increase )

13. Different _____________ give different answers to this question. ( science )

14.We must limit population __________ because our resourses are limited ( grow )

15.His _____________________is limited ( know )





UNIT 8: CELEBRATIONS

II. GRAMMAR:

PRONOUNS (Đại từ): “one”, “ones”, “someone, no one, anyone, everyone,…”

1. “ One(s)”: Chúng ta thường dùng “one” thay vì lặp lại một danh từ đếm được số ít và “ones” thay vì lặp lại một danh từ đếm được số nhiều khi sự việc hoặc sự vật mà chúng ta nói đến đã rõ ràng

Ex1: “ Can I get you a drink?” – “ It’s okay, I’ve already got one.” (= a drink)

Ex2: I think his best poems are his early ones. (= )

2. Some/someone/somebody/something được dùng:

+ trong câu khẳng định. Ex:

+ trong lời mời, lời đề nghị hay yêu cầu. Ex2:


  1. No/ no one/ nobody/ nothing được dùng với động từ khẳng định để diễn đạt nghĩa phủ định.

Ex: I have no books.

  1. Any/ anyone/anybody/anything: được dùng trong câu phủ định và câu nghi vấn.

Ex:

  1. Everyone/ every … được dùng để chỉ mọi (mỗi) người, vật


III. The present perfect tense: Thì HTHT

A. Công thức :

He / She / It + ____________ +____________

I / They / You / We + ____________ +____________


  • Hình thức phủ định : S + has / have + _________ + V3,ed

  • Hình thức nghi vấn : _______________ + V3, ed ?

B. Cách dùng :

  1. Một hành động quá khứ không có thời gian xác định, hoặc hành động lặp đi lặp lại. Thường đi với các trạng từ : already ( đã rồi ) , several times ( vài lần ) , many times ( nhiều lần ) ,ever ( từng ) , never ( chưa bao giờ ), not….yet ( chưa )

Ex: I __________________ a new car ( buy )

So sánh : I __________________ a new car last month ( buy )

  1. Một hành động vừa mới xảy ra: just ( vừa mới ) , recently = lately : ( gần đây )

Ex: I ___________________ my homework ( just, finish )

  1. Một hành động xảy ra trong QK -> kéo dài đến HT, TL : since + mốc TG / for + khoảng thời gian / so far = up to now = until now = up to the present : mãi cho đến bây giờ

Ex1: I _________________ in HCM city since 1999 ( live )

Ex2: He ________________ English for a long time ( learn )


II Language focus :

1.Someone : một ai đó ( khẳng định ) Ex: _______________ wants to speak to you on the phone


2.everyone : mọi người ( khẳng định ) Ex:He is kind , _________________ likes him

3.anyone : bất kỳ ai ( câu hỏi + phủ định ) Ex: Would __________________ like to drink ?

4.noone : không ai ( khẳng định ) Ex: _________________knows who he is .

5.One là đại từ thay thế cho danh từ số ít đếm được để tránh nhắc lại 1 danh từ đã xuất hiện trước đó

Ex: These pictures are nice . I like this picture ./ __________________

6.Ones là đại từ thay thế cho danh từ số nhiều đếm được để tránh nhắc lại 1 danh từ đã xuất hiện trước đó

Ex: I didn’t buy a calculator. They only had expensive calculators /________________


  • Notice: Dùng “ someone , anyone” trong câu lời mời hoặc đề nghị.

Ex: Would you like ________________ to drive you home.

EXERCISES:

I.Choose the best answer:

1. There is ________ outside the house.

A. one B. someone C. anyone D. anybody

2. I have not spoken to________ all day because I have a sore throat.

A. someone B. nobody C. anybody D. ones

3.I need _________ reliable to look after the baby while I am at work.

A. anyone B. someone C. everybody D. none

4. She was _________ to leave without saying goodbye.

A. only one B. the only one C. ones D. the ones

5. ________ can attend so you don’t have to be invited.

A. Anyone B. Someone C. Somebody D. Only one

6. ________ told me she was ill so I did not pay her a visit.

A. Everyone B. Someone C. Anyone D. No one

7. Listen! I heard ________ knocking at the window.

A. anyone B. no one C. someone D. anybody






II.Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest:

1A. celebration B. entertainment C. traditional D. preparation

2A. special B. polite C. happy D. really

3A. positive B. envelop C. occasion D. everyone

4A. lucky B. banner C. begin D. lunar

5A. sometime B. between C. apple D. color



III. Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest :

1A. sugar B. comments C. festival D. spring

2A. month B. throughout C. with D. south

3A. special B. calendar C. decorate D. coloured

4A. members B. apples C. plums D. envelopes

5A. much B. children C. exchange D. machine



IV.Give the correct form of verbs :

    1. She _________________ medicine for two years ( study )

    2. I ___________________( not , see) him since last year

    3. He ________________( go ) out an hour ago.He ____________( not, return ) yet .

    4. My brother __________________( just, break ) the window .

    5. There __________________( be ) many visitors to this city last year

    6. They _______________( play ) soccer since they were in grade 7

    7. Mr Richard _______________( write ) a new novel .

    8. ________________________( you, ever, drink ) whisky ?

    9. How long ___________________( you, study ) English ?

    10. The teacher _______________( explain ) the new lesson for 15 minutes

    11. I _______________( live ) here since 1999

    12. I _______________( move ) here in 1999. I _______________( be ) here for a long time now.

    13. I ________( already , finish ) the homework our teacher ______( give ) us last week .

    14. I ______________( never, drink ) beer .

    15. Her brother ______________( go ) to Canada for a long time .

    16. There ___________________( be ) no visitors since the sight ________________( become ) bad .

    17. He wants to see this film again although he ______________( see ) it five times before .

    18. I ____________( have ) a bicycle since I studied at 8 grade .

    19. It’s too late for us. The train ____________________( already, go )

    20. Up to now, we _____________( do ) five tests .

    21. She said she ________________ her work ( already , finish )

    22. Since she _____________( graduate ) from the college, she _____________( not , find ) a job .

23.. Since she _________________( live ) in HCM city, she ____________________( become ) rich .

24. When he was young, he _______________________( often, play ) football.

25.. Tom ____________________( attend ) this university from 1996 to 2000
26. My father ____________________( work ) all the day yesterday.

27. Yesterday, when he _________________( arrive ) , we ________________( have ) dinner .

28. By the time you arrived, I __________________________( prepare ) dinner.

29. What ____________________( you, do ) at this time yesterday ?

30.When we came to the stadium, the match ___________________( already , begin )

UNIT 9: THE POST OFFICE





II. GRAMMAR: RELATIVE CLAUSES (MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ)

Ex1: The woman is my mother. You met her last night.

=> The woman

Ex2: Peter is a teacher. He is my new friend.

=> Peter,

* Mệnh đề quan hệ, còn gọi là mệnh đề tính ngữ ( Adjective clause), được dùng như một tính từ để bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước. Mệnh đề quan hệ được đặt ngay sau danh từ mà nó bổ nghĩa và được bắt đầu bằng các đại từ quan hệ ( relative pronouns) who, whom, which, that, whose hoặc các trạng từ quan hệ when, where, why.

*Note:

1. When = at, in, on…+ which 2. Where = at, in, on… + which 3. Why = for + which



Có 2 loại mệnh đề quan hệ: defining relative clauses( MĐQH được định nghĩa/ MĐQH có giới hạn) và non-defining relative clauses( MĐQH không định nghĩa/MĐQH không giới hạn)

A.Non-defining relative clauses ( MĐQH không giới hạn ( có dấu phẩy): cung cấp thêm thông tin về 1 người, 1 vật hoặc 1 sự việc đã được xác định. MĐQH không giới hạn cách MĐ chính bằng dấu “,”

MĐQH không giới hạn xuất hiện khi danh từ đứng trước đại từ quan hệ là các loại danh từ sau:

+ Danh từ riêng

Ex:


+ Danh từ có tính từ chỉ định
+ Danh từ có tính từ sở hữu
+ Sở hữu cách
* Cách sử dụng các đại từ qh trong MĐQH không giới hạn:




S (chủ ngữ)

O ( tân ngữ)

P( sở hữu)

Danh từ chỉ người

who

Who/whom

whose

Danh từ chỉ vật

which

which

Whose/of which

* Note:


- Không dùng “ THAT” trong MĐQH không giới hạn

- Không được bỏ các đại từ quan hệ làm tân ngữ ( WHO, WHOM) và các trạng từ quan hệ trong MĐQH không giới hạn.

- Trong MĐQH không giới hạn “ WHICH” có thể được dùng để bổ nghĩa cho cả câu.

Ex: Peter failed again, which does not makes us surprised.


B.Defining relative clauses ( MĐQH được định nghĩa/MĐQH có giới hạn(không có dấu phẩy): cung cấp những thông tin quan trọng cần thiết để xác định danh từ hoặc cụm danh từ đứng trước.

Ex: The book is very interesting. I bought it yesterday.

=> The book

* Cách sử dụng các đại từ quan hệ trong MĐQH có giới hạn:








S (chủ ngữ)

O ( tân ngữ)

P( sở hữu)

Danh từ chỉ người

Who/that

Who/whom/that

whose

Danh từ chỉ vật

Which/that

Which/that

Whose/of which

Ex: The teacher is Mr Pike. We studied with him last year.

=> The teacher
Ex2: The people were very noisy. I was sitting with them.

=> The people


RELATIVE PRONOUNS WITH PRONOUNS ( GIỚI TỪ VỚI ĐẠI TỪ QUAN HỆ)

Trong mệnh đề quan hệ có giới từ thì giới từ có 2 vị trí đứng:

Giới từ đứng trước đại từ quan hệ hoặc giới từ đứng sau động từ.

*Lưu ý: Giới từ không đứng trước đại từ quan hệ “ who và that”

- Khi giới từ là thành phần của cụm động từ thì không thể đem giới từ ra trước “whom, which, whose”

Ex: This is the book. I’m looking for it.

=> This is the book

- Giới từ “ WITHOUT”không được đặt sau động từ mà phải đặt trước đại từ quan hệ.
* “ That “ có thể thay thế cho “ who, whom, which” trong mệnh đề quan hệ có giới hạn(không có dấu phẩy)

* Một số trường hợp bắt buộc sử dụng đại từ quan hệ “that”:

1. Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ cả người lẫn vật

Ex: He saw the women and the cattle that went to the field.

2.thay thế hình thức so sánh bậc nhất:

Ex: This is the most interesting film that I have ever seen.

3.khi đi sau cấu trúc: the first, the last, the only, the second…

Ex: He was the last person that knew the answer.

4.Sau đại từ bất định và các lượng từ( someone, something, somebody, anyone, anybody, anything, noone, nobody, nothing, all, some, any, little, none)

Ex:


5. Sau cấu trúc “ it is/ was…”

Ex: What was it that you said?



* RELATIVE CLAUSES REPLACED BY PARTICIPLES(V-ING + V3) AND “TO INFINITIVE”

( DẠNG RÚT GỌN MĐQH THÀNH NGỮ PHÂN TỪ(V-ING, V3), TO V

1.Ngữ hiện tại phân từ ( V-ing) được dùng khi động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở thể chủ động.

=> Nếu động từ trong mđqh ở thể chủ động, ta dùng V_ing thay cho mệnh đề đó( bỏ đại từ quan hệ và trợ động từ, đưa động từ chính về nguyên mẫu rồi thêm ING)

Ex: That man is my English teacher. He is standing over there.

=> That man

=> That man



2. Ngữ quá khứ phân từ(V3) được dùng khi động từ trong mệnh đề quan hệ ở thể bị động.

=> Nếu động từ trong mđqh ở thể bị động, ta dùng V3( bỏ đại từ quan hệ và trợ động từ, bắt đầu cụm từ bằng V3)

Ex: The novel is very interesting. It was written by Shakespeare.

=> The novel

=> The novel

3. To infinitive(động từ nguyên mẫu có “to”)

To infinitive” có thể được dùng khi đại từ quan hệ làm chủ ngữ đứng sau “ first, second, …, last, next, only, dạng so sánh nhất hoặc để chỉ mục đích, sự cho phép)

Ex: Tom is the last person who left the office yesterday evening.

=> Tom is the last person to leave the office yesterday evening.

Cách làm bài tập dạng điền đại từ quan hệ vào chỗ trống:


  1. ______ N(chỉ người) + WHO + V +… Ex:

  2. ______ N(chỉ người) + WHO/WHOM + V+… Ex:

  3. ______ N(chỉ người) + WHOSE +N + S + V+…Ex:

  4. ______ N(chỉ vật) + WHICH + V+ … Ex:

  5. ______ N(chỉ vật) + WHICH + S + V+… Ex:

  6. ______ N(chỉ vật) + WHOSE + N + S+V+….Ex:

  7. ______ thời gian + WHEN +… Ex:

  8. ______ nơi chốn + WHERE +…. Ex:

  9. ______ lý do + WHY +…. Ex:

Dạng kết hợp hai câu hai mệnh đề thành 1 câu sử dụng ĐTQH:

- Xác định hai từ giống nhau trong hai câu, hai mệnh đề.

- Thay đại từ quan hệ cho từ giống nhau ở MĐ thứ 2.

- Đặt đại từ quan hệ ngay sau từ giống ở MĐ thứ 1.

- Xác định loại danh từ đứng trước đại từ quan hệ để xem xét có sử dụng dấu phẩy hay không.

Ex1: Ms.Lan is very nice to her students. She is my form teacher.

=>

Ex2: The boy is Tom. We are looking for him.



=>

Ex3: The boy is Peter. You borrowed his book yesterday.

=>

Ex4: I can see a girl and her dog. They are running in the park.



=>

Ex5: This is the book. I like it best.

=>

Ex6: That man is Mr Pike. Mary is talking to him.



=>

EXERCISE

I Choose the best answer :

1.Do you know the girl ________ has just gone out ?

A.who B.whom C.which D.when

2.He invites Jane, _______ lives in the next flat, to go to the cinema with him

A.that B.whom C.who D.whose

3.The pianist _______played at the concert last night is internationally famous.

A.whom B.that C.whose D .which

4.The assignment _______we did yesterday was quite easy.

A.which B who C.when D.why

5.The house ______ I was born and grew up was destroyed in an earthquake ten years ago.

A.who B.which C.where D.when

6.The house _______ we have just built is nice .

A.which B.who C.where D.when

7.This is the year ___________ the Olympic Games are held

A.which B.when C.where D.why

8.I really don’t know the reason _______ they left me that fortune

A.which B.when C.where D.why

9.She is a journalist ________article was on the front page of The Times

A.who B.whom C.whose D.which

10.We enjoyed the music ________ we heard at the concert last night .

A.when B.where C.which D.who

11.This was the most exciting game ____ I have ever watched.

A.which B.that c.who D.when

12.She isn’t the last person _______ they see.

A.who B whom C. whose D. that

13.I knew two professors, both of _________- were of great learning .

A.which B.who C.that D.whom

14.I received two letters , one of _________ came from England

A.when B.where C.which D.that

15.She survived from the earthquake, __________ surprised everyone.

A.which B.when C.where D.that

16.The volunteers help the victims _______houses were destroyed in the floods .

A.who B.whom C.whose D.which

17.A number of readers sent their suggestions to the editor ___________ suggestions are accepted.

A., most of their B.,most of whom C., most of which D , most of whose

18.Marie Curie, _______, is one of the greatest woman in our time.

A.that discovered radium B.who discovered radium

C.discovered radium D.who discovering radium

19.I didn’t agree with _______ the journey would take two weeks.

A.Peter, who thought B.Peter, that thought C.Peter that thought D.Peter thought

20.She went with ______she liked .

A.Tom, that B.Tom whom C.Tom, whom D.Tom who

21.It’s the manager_______ we want to see.

A.who B.whom C.that D.which

22.This is the new teacher about ______ the students are talking .

A.who B.whom C.that D.whose

23*.Do you know the man ________ talking about ?

A.whom they are B.that they are C.they are D.a,b,c,are correct

24.That is the man _______ house was burned down .

A.his B.that his C.whose D.whom

25.Yesterday was one of the hottest days _______ I have ever known .

A.which B.that C.when D.where

26.To _______ did you give your money ?

A.who B.whom C.which D.that

27.We saw the tailor and new clothes _______ attracted us .

A.who B.which C.whom D.that

28. .I will ask that girl.Her sister can help me -> .I will ask that girl __________________________

A. who sister can help me B.whom sister can help me

C.whose sister can help me D.that sister can help me

29.Tom studies very well. I see his parents at the schoolgate.

A.Tom, whose I see parents at the schoolgate, studies very well.

B Tom, that I see parents at the schoolgate, studies very well.

C.Tom, whose parents I see at the schoolgate, studies very well.

D.Tom whose I see parents at the schoolgate studies very well.

30.Can you suggest a time ? It will be convenient to meet at that time -> Can you suggest a time __________?

A.when it will be convenient to meet at B. when it will be convenient to meet

C. which it will be convenient to meet D.where it will be convenient to meet

31.The house is beautiful. We are living in that house .

A.The house which we are living in is beautiful B The house which we are living is beautiful

C.The house where we are living in is beautiful D.The house when we are living is beautiful

32.This is the present. He bought it for me .-> This is the present ____________________________________

A.which he bought it for me B.who bought it for me

C.that he bought it for me D.he bought for me

33.Tom and Mary study well. Both of them pass the exam easily .

A.Tom and Mary , both of who pass the exam easily B. Tom and Mary , both of whom pass the exam easily

C.Tom and Mary , who both of pass the exam easily D.Tom and Mary , both of that pass the exam easily

34.I was born in a big city -> That is a city ____________________

A.which I was born B.of which I was born C.where I was born D.when I was born

35.She threw away the mirror, the side of the mirror was broken -> She threw away the mirror_____________

A.which the side of was broken B.the side of which was broken

C.that the side of was broken D the side of whom was broken

II. Rewrite the following sentences :

1. The man is very enthusiastic. He volunteer to do charity work .

-> The man ___________________________________________________________________________

2.How did you know the man? I met him at the conference

-> How did ___________________________________________________________________________

3..These people are very enthusiastic.They volunteer to do charity work .

-> These people ___________________________________________________________________________

4..We visited Belgrade .It is the capital city of Yugoslavi.

-> We visited _________________________________________________________________________

5. Tom has won the scholarship. I know his brother.

-> Tom _________________________________________________________________________________

6. Please post the letters . I wrote them this morning.-> ___________________________________________

7. Mr Brown is a good doctor. I admire him very much

-> _____________________________________________________________________________________

8. Mary is a good teacher. I saw her last week .

-> Mary ____________________________________________________________________________

9. Mary is a good teacher. I saw her parents last week .

-> Mary ____________________________________________________________________________

10. That is a good place. We can live there.

-> That is _____________________________________________________________________________

11. That is an old house. I used to live in it .

-> That _______________________________________________________________________________

12.Independence Day is a holiday.Most people rest on this holiday .

-> Independence Day is __________________________________________________________________

13.The reason is that I missed the bus.I’m late for the meeting for this reason .

-> The reason ____________________________________________________________________________

14.These wild animals are in danger.People are working hard to save them from being extinct .

-> These wild animals ______________________________________________________________________

15.I’m going to be interviewed for my new job.That makes me nervous .

-> I’m going to ___________________________________________________________________________



III .Identify the one underlined word or phrase A, B, C, or D that must be changed for the sentence to be correct

1.The manager sent on his new striker, whose scored a brilliant goal.

A B C D

2.The Prizken Prize is given every year to architects their work benefits humanity and the environment



A B C D

3.Anyone worked under conditions that cause a heavy loss of perspiration can suffer heat exhaustion

A B C D

4.Do you ever feel that life is not being fair to you because you can not seem to get the job where you want or that



A B C D

really suits you ?

5.Anyone where works is regarded as a useful member of our society

A B C D


6. We are working , that means that we are contributing goods and services to our society.

A B C D


7.The Post Office , that is a retail company in the United Kingdom , formerly part of the postal service Royal

A B C


Mail, became a separate entity in 1981 .

8. At that time ,all commercial centers are very crowded with people who comes to buy

A B C D

food and things to prepare for Tet .

9.On the first day of the New Year, when I often go to the pagoda to pray for luck and

A B

happiness, and I also enjoy some special food .



C D

10. The second day of Tet is the time at that I go to visit my relatives and friends

A B C D

11.This is the boy who sister studied with me at high school .



A B C D

12.The girl is standing over there is from Australia

A B C D

13.I met Tom’s mother, that works at the university .



A B C D

14.We offer the best services with a well-train staff.

A B C D

15.You can save money if you send a parcel which are under 15 kg in weight.



A B C D



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