11. It ______________him that he had no idea of what was going on ( embarrass )
12. My most _______moment was trying to introduce a woman whose name I couldn’t remember.( embarrass )
13. She felt ____________ about undressing in front of the doctor ( embarrass )
14. If you listen ____________to this piece of music, you can hear a flute in the background. ( care )
UNIT 3 A PARTY I. Grammar :
1.To- infinitive ( To V1 )
Sau adj : It’s not easy ____________( solve ) this problem
Chỉ mục đích: so as to V1 = in order to V1 = to V1 : …………………. Ex:They borrowed the money from the bank _____________ ( buy ) a car .
Rút gọn mệnh đề QH ( ý chỉ mục đích., thường đứng sau danh từ) Ex: She bought some new clothes which she could wear during the holiday -> She bought some new clothes __________( wear ) during the holiday.
Sau 1 số cấu trúc câu : - too + adj/ adv + ( for O ) + to V1 : …………………………...................
Ex: She’s too poor _____________( buy ) this bicycle .
adj / adv + enough + ( for O ) + to V1
enough + noun + ( for O ) + to V1 :………………………………..
Ex: I have enough money _________________( travel ) abroad .
………V + how / what / when / where / which / why + to V1
Ex: I could think what ________________( say )
Sau đại từ bất định : someone, nothing, someone……….. Ex: I’ve got nothing _____________( do )
Sau 1 số động từ : decide, demand, offer, refuse, seem, tell, would like, suppose, want , hope, promise, choose, agree, ask, expect, plan…
2.Infinitive without “ to” ( V1 )
Sau ĐT KK : ( can, could, may ,might, must, will, would, ought to , have to , should …) Ex: She can __________( speak ) English fluently
Sau động từ chỉ giác quan: ( see, hear, watch , notice, feel, find ( nhìn ra ) ) : chỉ hành động đã diễn ra và chỉ hành động nhìn hoặc nghe toàn bộ hoạt động , sự việc. Ex: I saw that man ________( take)your bike .
Sau 1 số dộng từ : make, let, would rather, had better, did nothing but . Ex: He did nothing but ________( eat ) a lot .
Sau trợ động từ : Ex: She didn’t __________( buy ) that car.
*. Notice :
- Sau “ help” + V1 / to V1
- Sau các động từ chỉ giác quan và “ make, let, help” khi chuyển sang câu bị động -> + To V1
Ex: That man was seen ________________( take ) your bike .
- Sau ______________________: Ex: I’m interested in __________________( study ) EL .
- Sau 1 số động từ: avoid, mind, postpone, dislike, keep, risk, mention , enjoy, be busy, be worth, it’s no use, it’s not good, be used to , object / objection to 4. Một số động từ vừa là to V1 , vừa là V-ing
- stop + Ving : ______ hành động :
Ex: He’s tired, he stops _______________( work ) .
- stop + to V1 : __________hành động
Ex: He felt asleep, so he stopped ___________( drink ) a cup of coffee.
b. need :
- need + Ving : ý nghĩa _____________
Ex: Your bicycle needs ___________________( repair )
- need + to V1 : ý nghĩa ____________
Ex: I need __________( buy ) an English book .
c. Try :
- try +V-ing : ____________
Ex: Maybe this skirt is suitable for me, can I try _____________ ( wear ) it .
- try + to V1: ____________
Ex: I try _______________( study ) English well .
d. forget/ remember
- forget / remember + Ving : hành động __________________
Ex: I remember _______________ ( see ) her somewhere .
- forget / remember + to V1 : hành động __________________
Ex : Don’t forget _______________( lock ) the door before going out .
- regret + Ving : hành động _____________
Ex: I regret _________________( not, study ) English
- regret + to V1: hành động _____________
Ex: I regret __________________( say ) that your result is bad
( tell )
( inform )
f. allow, permit, advise, recommend
- allow, permit, advise, recommend + O + to V1
Ex: She allows her child to go out
- allow, permit, advise, recommend + Ø + Ving
Ex: She allows going out
4. Passive infinitive : Là dạng bị động của ___________________________ . ĐT chính giữ nguyên, đổi
V1 -> be + V3
to V1 -> to be + V3
Ex1. You must keep the room tidy -> The room _________________________ .
Ex2: They are going to pass the law -> The law__________________________.
Ex3: I don’t want anyone to disturb me -> I _____________________________