A. Mr. Brown started to buy this car five years ago. B. It has been five years when Mr. Brown bought this car
C. Mr. Brown has had this car for five years . D. It is five years ago since Mr. Brown bought this car.
9. I might go camping. My friends have invited me.
A. My friends have invited me to go camping. B. My friends have invited me go camping.
C. My friends have invited me going camping. D. My friends have invited me that I might go camping.
10. I haven’t enjoyed myself so much for years.
A. It’s years since I enjoyed myself so much. B. It’s years since I have enjoyed myself so much.
C. It was years since I had enjoyed myself so much. D. It has been years since I have enjoyed myself so much.
11. Have you heard the good news?
A. Carol in March had a baby. B. In March, Carol had a baby.
C. Carol had in March a baby. D. In March, had Carol a baby.
12. Although the driver slammed on his brakes, __________________
A. he was able to avoid hitting the small dog. B. the small dog was not hit by the car.
C. he could run over the small dog. D. he couldn’t avoid hitting the small dog.
13. John used to write home once a week when he was abroad.
A. John doesn’t now write home once a week any longer.
B. John enjoyed writing home every week when he was abroad.
C. John never forgot to write a weekly letter home when he was abroad.
D. When he was abroad he remembered to write home every week.
14. This is my tenth year working in this bank.
A. By the end of this year , I will work in this bank for ten years.
B. I have worked in this bank for ten years by the end of this year.
C. By the end of this year , I will have worked in this bank for ten years.
D. I had been working in this bank for ten years by the end of this year.
15. The famous actor was last seen in 2000.
A. The famous actor has not been able to see since 2000. B. No one has seen the famous actor since 2000.
C. The famous actor didn’t see anyone in 2000. D. No one saw the famous actor until 2000.
16. I came to live here three months ago.
A. It was three months since I lived here. B. I’ve been living here for three months.
C. I lived here for three months. D. I didn’t live here for three months.
17. She is sitting in a hotel room. Through the window, she sees a fat man.
A. She looks through the window and sees the fat man. B. She and the fat man are in a hotel room.
C. The fat man wants to open the window and come in. D. The fat man is looking in through the window.
18. She goes to the shops every Friday.
A. She goes every day to the shop but not on Friday. B. It’s not Friday, but she’s going to the shops.
C. She always goes to the shops on Friday. D. She never goes to the shops on Friday.
19. Michael took a deep breath and dived into the water.
A. After Michael had taken a deep breath, he dived into the water.
B. Having taken a deep breath, he dived into the water.
C. After Michael took a deep breath, he had dived into the water.
D. A & B are correct.
20. We started working here three years ago.
A. We worked here for three years. B. We have no longer worked here for three years.
C. We have worked here for three years. D. We will work here in three years.
21. It’s a long time since we last went to the cinema.
A. We have been to the cinema for a long time. B. We haven’t been to the cinema for a long time.
C. We don’t go to the cinema as we used to. D. We wish we went to the cinema now.
22. I haven’t finished this book yet.
A. I’m still reading this book. B. I have read this book before.
C. The book I’m reading hasn’t finished. D. I will read this book some day.
23. He used to jog every morning.
A. He enjoys jogging every morning. B. He never fails to jog every morning.
C. He doesn’t now jog every morning. D. He intended to jog every morning.
24. I have never felt happier than I do now.
A. I felt happier before. B. I feel happy now.
C. I have never felt happy. D. I have always felt happy.
25. He last had his eyes tested ten months ago.
A. He hasn’t had his eyes tested for ten months . B. He had not tested his eyes for ten months then.
C. He had tested his eyes ten months before. D. He didn’t have any test on his eyes in ten months.
26. Someone knocked on the door during my lunchtime.
A. I had lunch when someone knocked on the door.
B. When I had had lunch, someone knocked on the door.
C. I was having lunch when someone was knocking on the door.
D. I was having lunch when someone knocked on the door.
27. Steve left before my arrival.
A. When I arrived, Steve had already left. B. Steve left as soon as I arrived.
C. While Steve was leaving I arrived. D. Steve hadn’t left until I arrived.
28. I haven’t been here before.
A. Being here is a pleasant experience. B. This is the first time I have been here .
C. I have wished to be here for long. D. Before long I will be here.
29. The last time I saw Rose was three years ago.
A. I hasn’t seen Rose for three years. B. I haven’t seen Rose three years ago.
C. I haven’t seen Rose since three years. D. I haven’t seen Rose for three years.
30. When we arrived, the children were playing “Hide and Seek”
A. The children played “Hide and Seek” and then we arrived.
B. While the children were playing “Hide and Seek”, we arrived.
C. We arrived at the same time the children played “Hide and Seek”.
D. We didn’t arrive until the children played “Hide and Seek”.
A/ SAÙU THÌ KHOÂNG TIEÁP DIEÃN ÔÛ BÒ ÑOÄNG .
Sô ñoà chung :
S + V + O
S be PP by O Muoán ñoåi moät caâu chuû ñoäng sang caâu bò ñoäng thì phaûi xaùc ñònh ñöôïc chuû töø (S), ñoäng töø vaø tuùc töø (O) trong caâu song laøm nhö sô ñoà. Chuù yù ñoäng töø chính trong caâu chuû ñoäng ôû thì naøo thì "be" ôû caâu bò ñoäng chia theo thì ñoù.
I/ thì hieän taïi ñônS + V + O
S + (is, am, are)+ PP by O
Ex: Shecleansthe floor. The flooriscleaned by her (Saøn nhaø döôïc lau bôûi…)
II/ Thì quaù khöù ñôn.S + Ved (coät 2) + O
S + were,was + PP by O
Ex: Shecleanedthe room yesterday. The roomwascleaned by her yesterday.
III/ Thì hieän taïi hoaøn thaønh.S + have,has + PP + O
S + have,has been PP + O
Ex: Ihaveboughtthe book. The bookhavebeenbought by me.
Iv/ thì quaù khöù hoaøn thaønh S + had + PP + O
S + had been PP by O
Ex: I had met him before 4 p.m yesterday. He had been met by me before 4 p.m yesterday.
V/ thì töông lai ñôn. S + will + V + O
S + will be PP by O
Ex : Iwillbuythe bicycle. The bicyclewillbebought by me.
Vi / thì töông lai hoaøn thaønh. S + will have + PP + O
S + will have been PP by O
Ex : Iwill havemethim by nine. Hewill havebeenmet by me