Dhammapada is one of the best known books of the Pitaka. It is a collection of the teachings of the Buddha expressed in clear, pithy verses. These verses were culled from various discourses given by the Buddha in the course of forty-five years of his teaching, as he travelled in the valley of the Ganges (Ganga) and the sub-mountain tract of the Himalayas. These verses are often terse, witty and convincing. Whenever similes are used, they are those that are easily understood even by a child, e.g., the cart's wheel, a man's shadow, a deep pool, flowers. Through these verses, the Buddha exhorts one to achieve that greatest of all conquests, the conquest of self; to escape from the evils of passion, hatred and ignorance; and to strive hard to attain freedom from craving and freedom from the round of rebirths. Each verse contains a truth (dhamma), an exhortation, a piece of advice.
Dhammapada verses are often quoted by many in many countries of the world and the book has been translated into many languages. One of the earliest translations into English was made by Max Muller in 1870. Other translations that followed are those by F.L. Woodward in 1921, by Wagismara and Saunders in 1920, and by A.L. Edmunds (Hymns of the Faith) in 1902. Of the recent translations, that by Narada Mahathera is the most widely known. Dr. Walpola Rahula also has translated some selected verses from the Dhammapada and has given them at the end of his book "What the Buddha Taught," revised edition. The Chinese translated the Dhammapada from Sanskrit. The Chinese version of the Dhammapada was translated into English by Samuel Beal (Texts from the Buddhist Canon known as Dhammapada) in 1878.
In Burma, translations have been made into Burmese, mostly in prose, some with paraphrases, explanations and abridgements of stories relating to the verses. In recent years, some books on Dhammapada with both Burmese and English translations, together with Pali verses, have also been published.
The Dhammapada is the second book of the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Suttanta Pitaka, consisting of four hundred and twenty-three verses in twenty-six chapters arranged under various heads. In the Dhammapada are enshrined the basic tenets of the Buddha's Teaching.
Les Dits du Bouddha
Traduit du pâli par L'ANAGARIKA PRAJÑANANDA
I — VERSETS CONJUGUES II - VERSETS SUR LA VIGILANCE III - VERSETS SUR LA PSYCHÉ IV — VERSET SUR LES FLEURS V – VERSETS SUR LES FOUS VI - VERSETS SUR LE SAGE VII – VERSETS SUR L'ARAHANT VIII - VERSES SUR LES MILLE IX - VERSETS SUR LE MAL X - VERSETS SUR LE CHÂTIMENT XI – VERSETS SUR LA VIEILLESSE XII – VERSETS SUR LE MOI XIII - VERSETS SUR LE MONDE XIV – VERSETS SUR LE BOUDDHA XV - VERSETS SUR LE BONHEUR XVI - VERSETS SUR LES AFFECTIONS XVII - VERSETS SUR LA COLÈRE XVIII - VERSETS SUR LES IMPURETÉS XIX - VERSETS SUR LE JUSTE XX - VERSETS SUR LE SENTIER XXI - VERSETS DIVERS XXII - VERSETS SUR LES ÉTATS MALHEUREUX XXIII – VERSETS SUR L'ÉLÉPHANT XXIV - VERSETS SUR LA SOIF XXV - VERSETS SUR LE BHIKKOU XXVI - VERSETS SUR LE BRAHMANE